Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia
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Lucy Goode Brooks is freed

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  • Lucy Goode Brooks and three of her children gain their freedom
  • Lucy Goode Brooks and three of her children gain their freedom
The owner of Lucy Goode Brooks, an enslaved woman, signed a deed of manumission, freeing her and three of her children. The deed was recorded in the city of Richmond on November 7, 1862.
Related Biographies:
  • Lucy Goode Brooks (1818–1900). Image courtesy of the Friends Association for Children.
    Lucy Goode Brooks
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Lucy Goode Brooks and three of her children gain their freedom

Deed of Manumission for Lucy Goode Brooks and three children, October 21, 1862. Richmond City Hustings Court Deed Book 78A:393–394, Library of Virginia.

Enslaved Virginians faced a perilous existence and were in constant jeopardy of being sold or of having their families broken up. Lucy Goode Brooks and her husband Albert Royal Brooks received permission from their separate owners to live together as a family. Beginning late in the 1850s, Albert Brooks paid Daniel Von Groning, the owner of Lucy Brooks, in installments to purchase the freedom of his wife and three of their seven children. In October 1862 their freedom was secured through a deed of manumission, which was recorded in the city of Richmond the following month in these words, "I do hereby declare the said servants and the future increase of the females forever manumitted and free." The stipulation that the children of Lucy Brooks's daughters would also be free was necessary inasmuch as the children of enslaved women were legally born enslaved.

Deed of Manumission for Lucy Goode Brooks and three children, October 21, 1862. Richmond City Hustings Court Deed Book 78A:393–394, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va.
Von Groning to Lucy Brooks &c. Eman. 1862 Nov. 7. Origl. deed. Lucy Brooks Paid
 Know all men by these presents, that I, Daniel Von Groning, of the city of Richmond, for and in consideration of the sum of Eight hundred dollars, and in compliance with my promise and agreement to that effect, have emancipated and do hereby emancipate, manumit and set free the following servants namely, Lucy Brooks and her three children Robert, Alberta and Lucy and the increase in future of the females. And I do hereby declare the said servants and the future increase of the females forever manumitted and free.
 Witness my hand and seal this 21st. day of October 1862.
Daniel Von Groning Seal