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A speedy union with the other slave states

Union or Secession
  • A speedy union with the other slave states
On April 24, 1861, the Virginia Convention entered into a temporary agreement to cooperate with the Confederate States of America until the Virginia Convention could ratify the Constitution of the Confederate States of America.
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    John Tyler
  • James Coles Bruce (1806–1865)
    James Coles Bruce
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A speedy union with the other slave states

Convention between the Commonwealth of Virginia and the Confederate States of America, April 24, 1861, Virginia Convention (1861: Richmond), Records, 1861–1961, Acc. 40586, State Government Records Collection, Record Group 93, Library of Virginia.

On April 24, 1861, a six-member committee of the Virginia Convention signed an agreement with Alexander H. Stephens, vice president of the provisional government of the Confederate States of America, that Virginia would cooperate with the Confederacy pending ratification of the Virginia Ordinance of Secession and the Virginia Convention's ratification of the Constitution of the Confederacy. This agreement is called a "convention," indicating that it is a temporary or preliminary agreement pending the completion of a formal legal relationship between the two parties. In the margin, the signatures of convention delegates James A. Carter and Hervey Deskins, two of the five men named to examine the enrolled ordinances of the convention, verified the accuracy of the signed copy. In the autumn of 1861, the convention's second president, Robert Latané Montague (who was also lieutenant governor of Virginia) also signed the formal parchment.

Convention between the Commonwealth of Virginia and the Confederate States of America, April 24, 1861, Virginia Convention (1861: Richmond), Records, 1861–1961, Acc. 40586, State Government Records Collection, Record Group 93, Library of Virginia.

Convention between the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the Confederate States of America.
The Commonwealth of Virginia, looking to a speedy union of said Commonwealth and the other Slave States with the Confederate States of America, according to the provisions of the Constitution for the Provisional Government of said States, enters into the following temporary Convention and agreement with said States for the purpose of meeting pressing exigencies affecting the common rights, interests and safety of said Commonwealth and said Confederacy:
1st. Until the union of said Commonwealth with said Confederacy shall be perfected, and said Commonwealth shall become a member of said Confederacy according to the Constitutions of both powers, the whole military force and military operations, offensive and defensive, of said Commonwealth, in the impending conflict with the United States, shall be under the chief control and direction of the President of said Confederate States, upon the same principles, basis and footing as if said Commonwealth were now, and during the interval, a member of said Confederacy.
2d The Commonwealth of Virginia will, after the consummation of the Union contemplated in this Convention, and her adoption of the Constitution for a permanent government of said Confederate States, and she shall become a member of said Confederacy, under said permanent Constitution, if the same occur, turn over to said Confederate States all the public property, naval stores and munitions of war, etc., she may then be in possession of, acquired from the United States, on the same terms and in like manner as the other States of said Confederacy have done in like cases
3d. Whatever expenditures of money, if any, said Commonwealth of Virginia shall make before the Union under the Provisional Government, as above contemplated, shall be consummated, shall be met and provided for by said Confederate States.
This Convention entered into and agreed to, in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on the twenty-fourth day of April, eighteen hundred and sixty one, by Alexander H. Stephens, the duly authorized Commissioner to act in the matter for the said Confederate States, and John Tyler, William Ballard Preston, Sam'l McD. Moore, James P. Holcombe, James C. Bruce and Lewis E. Harvie, parties duly authorized to act in like manner for said Commonwealth of Virginia—the whole subject to the approval and ratification of the proper authorities of both Governments respectively.
In testimony whereof, the parties aforesaid have hereto set their hands and seals, the day and year aforesaid, and at the place aforesaid,—in duplicate originals.
JOHN TYLER[Seal.]
WM. BALLARD PRESTON[Seal.]
S. MCD. MOORE[Seal.]
JAMES P. HOLCOMBE[Seal.]
JAMES C. BRUCE[Seal.]
LEWIS E HARVIE[Seal.]
Committee of the Convention
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS[Seal.]
Como. for Confederate States
RO: L: MONTAGUE.
Prest: of the Convention