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  • "100 at least, in each county"
The Fredericksburg News of May 10, 1861, advised residents along the rivers to post armed guards to "give notice of any invasion, or landing of scouts, spies, &c., and shoot them on sight."
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"100 at least, in each county"

Fredericksburg News, May 10, 1861.

The Fredericksburg News of May 10, 1861, advised residents along the rivers to post armed guards to "give notice of any invasion, or landing of scouts, spies, &c., and shoot them on sight." The advice to aim "at the epaulets" was to direct men to shoot at officers in command of raiding parties, not to aim at the shoulder emblems that only uniformed officers wore.

Fredericksburg News, May 10, 1861.

GUERILLAS.— All along the Potomac especially there should be companies, 100 at least, in each county, with horses, and armed with shot guns, rifles or pistols, and a big knife. Each neighborhood might have a squad of 5 or 15, and have a signal by which to meet at a central place. Let them have no uniform except the greyest clothes each happens to have. They can act as a patrol, day or night, give notice of any invasion, or landing of scouts, spies, &c., and shoot them on sight. Aim at the epaulets. With such a guard we should be safer than soldiers or batteries can make us.