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  • "We have at great cost won a victory at Manassas"
Danville tobacco merchant William T. Sutherlin wrote to Henry County merchant Benjamin Franklin Gravely on July 22, 1861, with the first news of the Battle of Manassas and reports of the tobacco market.
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"We have at great cost won a victory at Manassas"

William T. Sutherlin to Benjamin Franklin Gravely, July 22, 1861, Gravely Family Papers, Acc. 34126, Library of Virginia.

Danville tobacco merchant William T. Sutherlin, who served in the Virginia Convention during the winter and spring of 1861, wrote to Henry County merchant Benjamin Franklin Gravely on July 22, 1861, with the first news of the Battle of Manassas and reports of the tobacco market. "We have at great cost won a victory at Manassas," Sutherlin wrote after receiving the first reports by telegraph. The outnumbered Confederates forced the United States Army to retreat, from which Sutherlin concluded, "They must see by this fight that we can never be concoured."

William T. Sutherlin to Benjamin Franklin Gravely, July 22, 1861, Gravely Family Papers, Acc. 34126, Library of Virginia.

Danville July 22 '61
B F Gravelly Esq
Drsir
Strong news this morning by Telegraph. We have at great cost won a victory at Manassas, Boregard's horse was shot from under him, no details we took Shermans Battery 30 guns, fought all yesterday and the enemy retreated rapidly at night. Johnston pursued them nothing from our Regiments. Col. Garland Regt. of Lynchburg nearly all destroyed Genl. Bonham S.C. reported mortally wounded also several Cols from the far South.
Tobo. pretty flat this morning I hope this victory will do us good, The enemy had about 100,000 & we about 60,000 and they must see by this fight that we can never be concoured.
I expect to go to Richmd. Wednesday
In haste
Yr &c W. T. SUTHERLIN