Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia
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Union or Secession
  • "The Secession Movement"
In January 1861, states in the lower South followed South Carolina in seceding from the Union.
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"The Secession Movement"

"The 'Secession Movement,'" 1861, Broadside, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

This Currier and Ives print, probably published in New York in mid-January 1861, depicts the rush to secede in the lower South states. South Carolina is in the lead, going "whole hog" over the cliff, followed closely by Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi, which all seceded during the second week of January, and Louisiana, which seceded on January 26. The man taking a different path may have represented Georgia, which seceded on January 19. None of the upper South slave states appeared in this characterization of the secession movement at the beginning of 1861.