Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia
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July 1860 to January 1861

Union or Secession
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  • George Ann [surname unknown] to Callie Anthony, 1860, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "Wear Breckenridge next your heart"
  • Sue Ragsdale to Callie Anthony, October 15, 1860, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "Our glorious Union will soon be no more"
  • Sue Gilmore to Callie Anthony, November 4[–6], 1860, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "Abolitionists in our midst"
  • Unidentified cousin to Callie Anthony, November 13, 1860 [some pages are missing from end of letter], Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "I am a Southern Rights man"
  • Anselm L. Haden to Charles Anthony, December 17, 1860, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "I see no safety for Va in the union."
  • Bettie Anthony McDermed to Almira Anthony, December 31, 1860, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "The whole of our state will be conquered"
  • Sue Gilmore to Callie Anthony, January 9, 1861, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "We are no longer one of the united States"
  • Sue Ragsdale to Callie Anthony, January 21, 1861, Anthony Family Papers, 1785–1952, Acc. 35647, 35648, Library of Virginia.,
    "I am a secessionist per se"
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« Return to Callie Anthony's Mailbag

July 1860 to January 1861

Callie Anthony

Callie Anthony says: We all hoped it wouldn't happen, but Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States on November 6, 1860. Here in Virginia, it was our closest presidential election ever, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell won our state's electoral votes. After Abe Lincoln won, South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20. Throughout this winter of 1860–1861, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas have all seceded, too. Congress and a national peace conference led by former president John Tyler (a Virginian!) tried to work out a compromise proposal to preserve the Union, but they couldn't. In January 1861, our General Assembly called for an election of delegates to a state convention to decide whether Virginia should stay in the Union or secede. I think we should go with the South. Those Northerners just don't understand or respect our institutions.