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"The Brookneal Landing Site, Campbell County, Virginia" by Howard A. MacCord and Mrs. R. Douglass Williams, Jr.

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Feature 4 was an incomplete vessel carved from steatite (soapstone). It was found in Square 3 of Section 3D at a depth of twenty-nine inches in sand of Level 5. No pit or other disturbance was associated, and it seems that the pot was lost or discarded during the time when sand was being deposited and burying cultural refuse. The portion of the pot found is 29 cm long, 13.5 cm wide and shows an over-all depth of 14 cm. The vessel walls are 1.5 cm thick thinning to about 1 cm near the rim. The rim top is rounded. The one end of the vessel present bears a lug just below the rim. The lug is 3.5 cm wide, and there are marks of cutting on the lug near its juncture with the body of the pot. These marks may indicate efforts to remove the lug for other uses after the pot broke and before it was discarded. One drilled hole in the pot wall near the lug is probably a repair hole. The pot was in five pieces when found, but the pieces readily fitted together. Feature 5 was a ciruclar pit found in Square 61 of Section 30, with half of the pit extending into Square 70 of Section 2G. Only the half of Square 61 was cleared. The pit was about 38" in diameter, and the base of the pit reached a depth of 32" from the surface. The upper surface of the pit was met at a depth of 22", in Level 3. The pit fill was black sand containing only a few pottery fragments. Three sand-tempered, cord-marked sherds were the only cultural materials found. Artifacts: Artifacts found were not numerous nor of great variety. While a few iron nails and fragments of glass were found in levels 1 and 2, these can be attributed to recent farming activity. Nothing was found which would indicate occupation of the site during the period of possible contact between the Indians and early European settlers. The preponderance of cultural material found consisted of pottery fragments, with other materials occurring only sporadically. The pottery and other artifacts are listed in the following tables: TABLE I - POTTERY SURFACE TREATMENT SAND TEMPER CRUSHED ROCK TOTAL PERCENTAGE Level 1 (0" to 12" deep) Cord-marked 40 4 44 93.6 Plain 2 2 04.2 Indeterminate 1 1 02.1 43 (91.5%) 4 (8.5%) 47 99.9 Level 2 (12" to 17") Cord-marked 138 1 139 95.8 Plain 2 2 01.4 Indeterminate 4 4 02.8 144 (99.3%) 1 (00.7%) 145 100.0 Level 3 (17' to 22") Cord-marked 297 7 304 96.5 Fabric-impressed 3 3 00.9 Plain 4 4 01.2 Scraped 1 1 00.3 Indeterminate 3 3 00.9 245 (99.1%) 1 (00.9%) 246 100.0 Level 5 (27" to 32") Cord-marked 94 94 63.9 Plain 52 52 35.3 Indeterminate 1 1 00.8 147 (100%) 147 100.0 Level 6 (32" to 37") Cord-marked 6 6 40.0 Fabric-impressed 1 1 06.7 Plain 5 5 33.3 Wadded 2 2 13.3 Indeterminate 1 1 06.7 15 (100%) 15 100.0 53