Making History: Transcribe is made possible in part by federal funding provided through the Library Services and Technology Act program administered by the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

"The Brookneal Landing Site, Campbell County, Virginia" by Howard A. MacCord and Mrs. R. Douglass Williams, Jr.

image 3 of 4

Zoom in to read each word clearly.
Some images may have writing in several directions. To rotate an image, hold down shift-Alt and use your mouse to spin the image so it is readable.

This transcription is complete!

in addition to potsherds, one disk, 27 mm in diameter, had been formed from a potsherd of sand-temperd ware. another disk of sand-tempered pottery was found which was not a potsherd. It was 5 cm in diameter and 5 mm thick, with a scraped surface. It was not perforated, and its use or purpose cannot be divined. One the sand-tempered ware seems to be part of the clarksville series. It is interesting to note from table I that the sand-tempered ware seems to dominate at this site from the earliest occupation level through to the end of the site's use. The crushed rock tempered ware seems to intrude into the site about midpoint in the site's occupation and continue as a minority ware throughout subsequent time. The relative stability noted by Evans at sites in the roanoke river drainage, notably the Elm hill site in mecklenburg county ( unpublished data, based on 1964 excavations at Elm hill). Among the ceramic traits noted in the sand-tempered ware were: conoidal bases, flared rims, scraped interrior surfaces, trailed and punctate designs, usuallacing holes. One sherd from a flat-bottomed vessel was found.

table 2- stone projectile points (types based on holland, 1955)

types levels: Quartz Quartzite other total 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 A 1 1 F 3 3 M 1 1 N 2 1 2 1 1 1 8 O 1 1 totals ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 14

four large points which seem to fit types established by coe are: 1 savannah river type quartzite level 2 1 guilford type shale level 2 1 " " N. C. slate level 3 1 " " quartz level 4 There seems to be no discernible pattern in the limited number of projectile points found, Chippings collected can be tabulated as follows: Level Quartz Quartzite Other Totals 1 1 1 2 6 2 8 3 22 1 1 24 4 7 7 5 1 1 Totals 36 2 3 41 No pattern can be discerned from the above, expect some increase in activity in Level 3. Other stone artifacts found are limited to: Item Number Level STEATITE POTSHERDS 2 3 " " 1 4 COBBLE STONE, SHOWING USE AS A HAMMER 1 3 AXE, CHIPPED AND NOTCHED, FELSITE 1 5 No artifacts or bone or shell were found. The limited amount of badly-rotted bone could not be definitely identified as to species. No human bones were found. No identifiable vegetal remains were found, and no sample of charcoal in sufficient quantity for Carbon -14 dating was found. Conclusions: The Brookneal Landing Site is that of a sparse, but long-continued occupation by Indians in prehistoric times. Light occupation by Archaic peoples is indicated by the notched, chipped axe and by the projectile points, such as Guilford type, normally classed as Archaic. Later occupation by Woodland Period Indians who made and used pottery of the Albermarle and Clarksville Series 54