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"Correspondence, January-February 1912", Item 004

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A Circular Letter to Suffragists and to the National Council of Women.

Dear Colleague: Since sending my last circular letter, it has been my privilege to address audiences in various European countries from Scotland to Hungary and to attend the Races Congress in London and a session of the International Bureau of Peace at Berne, Switzerland. Since my return home in October, I have given about twenty addresses in Pittsburg and vicinity and have spoken in Texas, New Orleans and Memphis. My mission South was primarily to discuss the School Peace League at the annual meeting of the Southern Teachers' Association in Houston; the other matter presented was one of immediate moment-the ratification of the pending arbitration treatise. The importance of these seemed in some quarters not to be realized, yet the Senate will have nothing to consider this year so far reaching in its influence. Until the ratification in the form desired by President Taft is secured, every organization should increasingly use its influence to reach the Senators in each state. So great is partisan feeling that one can have no assurance the necessary two-thirds vote will be attained, or the matter settled on its merits. Women can exert their best influence by persuading voters to send brief letters to their own Senators. At the time of my circular letter last year, the World Peace Foundation in Boston whose publications are so useful to us had just been fully organized. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, with headquarters in Washington, has begun its work by establishing three departments: (1) "International Law," with Dr. James Brown Scott as director; (2) "Economics" with Professor John B. Clark of Columbia University as director; he called at Berne, last August, a two weeks' conference of about twenty of the eminent economists of the world, including a former minister of finance from Japan, and important research work was mapped out; this will include the relation of tariffs to international amity, the lobbying of vested interests for appropriations for armaments and a hundred kindred subjects; it will supply an arsenal of facts and figures drawn from every country; (3) "Intercourse and Education," of which President Butler of Columbia University has charge at present. This has already done a great work in arranging meetings all over the country to advocate the ratification of the treaties. It has planned an educational headquarters in France and interchange of lectureships with South American colleges and will naturally spend a large share of its funds in other countries where peace propaganda is most needed. So far from there being ample funds available for the peace work in America, as the uninitiated have imagined, the work is suffering for even the necessities for a printing, postage and clerical service. The general public has not yet been educated to give as much to this commanding cause of our time-the substitution of the System of Law for the System of War,-As it gives for the prevention of cruelty to animals. It is not too early for your organizations to begin to plan for the proper observance in schools, churches and clubs of the 18th of May, the anniversary of the Hague Conference. Please send a delegation to your school superintendent and request him to apply to the School Peace League (I) for information and to arrange to have the day observe by an hour of educational exercises, for which programs are prepared. While the League has now about thirty state branches, and the National Education Association and all leading educators are supporting it in its wise effort to teach patriotism and history from a true point of view, other organizations like the Navy League and the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice are doing their utmost to extend rifle practice in the schools. This costs time and money, has no educational advantage, and instills the idea that a large volunteer service will probably be needed to fight foreign foes. As our country has never yet been attacked and has no prospect of being attacked,