The Bayonet, 2 November 1917
Zoom in to read each word clearly.
Some images may have writing in several directions. To rotate an image, hold down shift-Alt and use your mouse to spin the image so it is readable.
[In a box to the left of the newspaper title] "Do It for the Eightieth Division - Do It for America!" The Bayonet [In a box to the right of the title] The Official Publication of the Eightieth Division, National Army. VOL. I. - No. 5. CAMP LEE, VA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1917. 10- PAGE NEWS SECTION 4- PAGE PICTORIAL SECTION. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HEROES OF FRANCE ARRIVE TO ASSIST DRAFTIES AT CAMP Veteran Officers and Noncoms. Join Corps of Instructors in School of Arms - Much Pleased With Reception and With American Methods.
Direct from the battle line on the western front, four French officers and three noncommissioned officers arrived in camp last Sunday, where they were received with enthusiasm. Every one of them comes as a hero, having distinguished himself in action, and having won decorations for bravery under fire, which they wear. In the party are Captain Jerome L. F. Toujan, Lieutenant R. L. Boso, Lieutenant Emile Schloessing, Lieutenant Claude Domezan, Sergeant H. Albert Chauvin, Sergeant M. Even Yves and Sergeant Rene Peletan. They have been assigned to the school of arms, which was formally organized yesterday. The French officers are experts in the latest methods of conducting modern warfare used by the French armies, the worth of which is attested by the manner in which the German foe is being gradually driven back to his frontier on the western battle front. These officers have participated in big battles in the present war, having fought with valor in the conflicts at Champagne, Verdun, Chemin Des Dames and the Somme, in addition to minor actions and numerous raids. All of them display battle scars suffered while in action. Captain Toujan, by his bravery, won the Legion of Honor war cross, one of the highest distinctions conferred for bravery in the French army. Upon their arrival in camp they were received by Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Waldron, chief of staff, and after the noon day mess they were taken around the camp by Lieutenant Hardin, aid to General Adelbert Cronkhite, the commandant. The visiting officers make a striking appearance in their dress uniforms of light blue, the touches of gold braid indicating their rank, presenting a marked contrast to the garb of olive drab to the American officers. The French officers attracted considerable attention in the camp among the men in ranks, who for the first time saw men who have participated in the big war, which has been waging for over three years. They were hailed as heroes by the [illegible] who stood and gazed as they [illegible]
Assigned to Their Quarters. Officers were assigned to quarters in the new building erected for accommodation of the foreign officers.[illegible] be assigned to the camp, "noncoms" went to the [illegible] Headquarters Troop. On [illegible]
the trench life. But if we could not be of any assistance to you people, we would prefer being back there to continue on fighting until the war is over. I do not know how long we will be here, but as soon as our work is completed we will go back again." The captain was interested in the personnel bureau which is in operation at Camp Lee, and which is working out to such great advantage to the army as well as to the men in the ranks.
Efficiency System Praised. "This idea is a very good one," Captain Toujan said in referring to this department. "It will result in efficiency, for under this system you have the right man in the right place. This is something we do not have in the French army. I had not heard of the psychological test until just a few moments ago." He made inquiry concerning this new feature which has been introduced into the new National Army system. "You Americans have the knack of doing things," he said, "and it cannot but help improving your army." The captain seemed delighted at the prospect of being able to sleep again at night, something which he has not enjoyed doing for months prior to leaving the battle front. He declared that he was going to take advantage of the opportunity afforded him now, and could enjoy peaceful slumbers without being awakened by the sound of the heavy cannonading. "I will enjoy sleeping at night again," he said. "We never sleep at night when we are at the front. All the fighting is now done at night, and you must sleep in the day time during the lull of the battle. tI [It] will mean a rest for me, but I will soon be back at the front again." The French officers brought with them their steel helmets which are used by both the officers and men in the ranks when they are in the field. They also brought some gas masks with them, which they have been displaying to the officers here. While here the foreign officers will assist in the School of Arms, acting in a supervising capacity. They will also conduct French classes for the officers in camp. It might be of interest to the men n the ranks in the new army here to know that the wage of the poilu is five cents a days as compared with $1 a day for the American soldier. So, after all, Uncle Sam provides liberally for his men. No Cantonments in France. "I have not been over your entire camp, but what I have seen of it has impressed me very much," Captain Toujan said. "It could not be more ideal, and will serve the purpose for which it is intended. It will be sufficiently large to train your men along the lines which have been mapped out. We do not have cantonments now in France as all of our men are out on the front fighting. "As I have stated before, what impresses me most is the enthusiasm your men show and the discipline which has been developed in such a short time. The French soldier is well-behaved and he is obedient to his superior officer. In case anything happens to his officer in an action, a man in the ranks steps out and assumes charge and the men [Continued on Second Page.) [Photograph] French Instructors Aiding in 80th Division School of Arms From left to right: Sergeant M. Even Yves, Sergeant H. Albert Chanvin, Lieutenant R. L. Bosc, Lieutenant Emile Schloessing, Captain Jerome L. F. Toujan, Lieutenant Claude Domezan and Sergeant Rene Peletan. SCHOOL FOR ARMS TEACHES LATEST METHODS OF WAR Intensive Instruction of Officers and Noncoms. Begins Under Direction of Army Officers and Under Supervision of French Soldiers, Recently From Front. Intensive instruction in the very latest methods of warfare has begun at Camp Lee. Yesterday about fifty officers and noncommissioned officers began attendance at the divisional school for arms, where, under the direction of army officers and the supervision of the French soldiers who arrived this week, the technique of the various weapons will be taught. As fast as the officers receive their lessons, they will impart them to the men of their various units. The school is for the instruction of instructors. One officer, or noncommissioned officer, from each company is assigned to each of the half-dozen branches taught. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of each week are occupied with instruction in the use of poison gas, the bayonet and the grenade. The next three days are set apart for demonstrations in field fortifications, intrenchments, automatic arms and musketry. Pass Learning On to Men. The plan is this: For example, the morning is divided into three periods. During the first a class composed of one officer from each company will be taught the use of and defensive methods against gas. These officers will return to their commands as soon as the period is over, and on the ame [same] day, of the next day, will instruct their men in the work they have just gone through. Immediately after the gas class is dismissed, another officer from each company will report, and this class will be instructed in the use of the bayonet. These officers will return to their companies, and a third set of officers will report to the grenade class. The school's field is immediately behind the drill ground of the 305th Engineers. Here are the bayonet runs, the gas house the trenches and nearby are the ranges for practice throwing of bombs and the demonstration of machine guns. Target practice cannot be started at once, but sighting and kindred subjects will be taken up immediately. Four Types of Rifles. Four types of automatic rifles will be used - two of the light, air-cooled type, and two of the heavier, water-cooled kind. First the officers and later their soldier-pupils will be taught the adjustment of gas masks, and then will be taken through the gas house, a wooden shack filled, early in the course, with a weak solution of chlorine gas that they may become familiar with the danger-laden yellowish vapor. Then with and without masks they will walk through the room filled with lachrymatory (tear-producing) gas, which, while blinding a man temporarily and producing a great flow of tears, doesn't impair his sight except for the time being. The bayonet manual is that evolved from three years' warfare. The British manual, which gives especial emphasis to the offensive, and the French, which stresses the fencing method, both contribute to the American manual. Grenades of Cement. The grenades used at first will be of cement. It is with these that the Camp Lee soldiers will learn the knack of throwing overhand with a full arm swing, so different from the motion used in baseball throwing. Within a couple of weeks, however, practice with loaded bombs will begin. The rifle and machine gun ranges will be completed about the same time. In the early stages, the instruction will be given slowly, but as soon as possible the courses will be combined so that assaults will be delivered under conditions simulating those of actual battle. Riflemen with bayonets will advance, then the bomb throwers and the rifle grenadiers and so on, as do the soldiers already "over there." Wire entanglements will be met, then the trenches themselves, with gas-filled dugouts, and the other obstacles encountered in actual battle. The instruction itself will be given the officer-students by American officers, who received a thorough course at Fort Sill, the foreign officers acting as supervisors. Over the Same Course. The chief object is to instruct the camp Lee officers so that they may relay the lessons on to the men quickly, the same day where practicable., and generally over the same course where the officers themselves received the instruction. Noncommissioned officers are sent by companies in which there is a limited number of officers. The school is in charge of Major Joseph W. Stillwell. The instructors are: gas, Captain H. M. Beebe, medical department; bayonet, Captain G. W. Thomas and Captain Frazier; grenades, Captain Grover E. Moore and Lieutenant Leyburn; field fortifications, Captain Stringfellow; automatic arms, Lieutenant Preston, Lieutenant [illegible] Lieutenant Early and Lieutenant Philpotts; [illegible] Captain Douglas. The French officers are assigned as follows: grenades, Captain Toujan, Sergeant Peletan;l automatic arms, Lieutenant Domezan, Sergeant Even; field fortifications, Lieutenant Bosc. STATES MAKE PROVISION FOR SOLDIERS TO VOTE 90 Per Cent of Men From Pennsylvania Will Have Chance to Cast Ballot on Tuesday. VIRGINIANS VOTE BY MAIL Ninety per cent of the soldiers at Camp Lee from Pennsylvania will have the opportunity to vote for country, city or village officials, as the case may be, on election day, Tuesday, November 6. The percentage of soldiers from Virginia who will have the same opportunity to cast the ballot Tuesday will be less than the number from the Keystone State on account of stricter laws governing soldiers voting. The percentage of soldiers in camp from West Virginia, who will vote for the first time at a military post, will probably be less than from either of the two above-mentioned states, due to the fact that only a few village and scattered county elections are being held there. Pennsylvania's provisions covering the casting of the ballot by men in the service from that State give every soldier, who is a qualified voter, his right of franchisement. A county tax of 1- cents per voter is required, which can be paid either at the soldier's home by proxy or at the camp. Commissioners appointed by the Governor of Pennsylvania conduct the soldiers' voting in camp the day of election. There is a commissioner designated for each regiment, and, with the assistance of company commanders, clerks and election judges selected from the ranks, he supervises the balloting, at some designated company headquarters, of all Pennsylvanians in his assigned regiment. Virginia Voting by Mail In Virginia provisions for voting by soldiers vary from the Keystone State method. The voting is done here by mail, and only qualified voters who had registered are eligible to cast the ballot. The letter in which the vote is returned must be registered. West Virginia's provisions for her soldier sons who wish to vote are essentially the same as Pennsylvania's with the exception that commissioners appointed to supervise the camp polling are required to look after more than a single regiment. In Virginia the election on Tuesday is for State and city officials. Due to the fact that Virginia normally polls a 30,000 Democratic majority, the election of the Democratic candidates for the State offices are assured. Westmoreland Davis is the gubernatorial candidate for the Democrats, with Thomas J. Muncey, the Republican candidate, whose chances of election, from the average Virginian's viewpoint, are less than nothing. Other candidates for State offices on the Democratic ticket are John R. Saunders, Attorney-General; Harris Hart, superintendent of public instruction, and B. F. Buchanan, Lieutenant-Governor. City elections throughout Virginia are overshadowed by the coming election of State officials. Richmond, the largest city in the State, will hold no election at all, with Petersburg, Norfolk and cities of corresponding size voting for city treasurer, city sergeant and high constable. Election in Pennsylvania. The election in Pennsylvania Tuesday will be for county and city offices, with the second and third-class cities voting for a major, councilmen and members of the local school boards, and the counties selecting new judges and sheriffs. It is in these communities that the soldier vote will find its own, for more than one of the local and county battles are close enough to be swung either way by the vote which (Continued on Second Page.) CAMP LEE STANDS HIGH IN LIBERTY LOAN LIST Eightieth Division, in Amount of Subscriptions, Well to Front of Cantonments. PLEDGES $1,783,250 IN BONDS
The second Liberty loan campaign, which came to a successful close last Saturday night, found the Eightieth Division well to the front of all National Army cantonments. Figures are not available at the present time to show the amount subscribed by each camp, but if the others proved themselves as patriotic in their response to the government's appeal as did the Eightieth Division, the Kaiser will spend a few sleepless nights after reading the returns. The regiments vied with each other in raising subscriptions, and when it seemed that the limit had been reached, a few hundred dollars more would tumble in. The officers and enlisted men subscribed every dollar they possibly could afford, with the result that the original estimate of the divisions subscriptions was more than trebled. Not satisfied with placing their own money in Uncle Sam's trust, they persuaded all their friends to do so. Through a tremendous whirlwind campaign conducted by special committees from the various organizations of camp in their home districts, the amount of $7,357,400 has been subscribed from outside sources to the second Liberty loan. From its own pockets the Eightieth Division bought $1,783,250 worth of bonds. Thus do the men of Camp Lee declare themselves unreservedly behind the government, ready to serve the country with their dollars as well as their lives. 319th Infantry Leads. Leading the entire divisional campaign, the 319th Infantry had the distinction of being mentioned in an official bulletin for its sterling work. From the regiment alone subscriptions totaling $229,350 poured in, setting a record mark for the division. From their home cities, principally Pittsburgh, the bond committees, composed of officers and enlisted men, raised $4,234,800 more, and returned to camp exhausted by the campaign, but satisfied that they had succeeded in enrolling every penny possible. The 320th Infantry was second on the list for regimental subscriptions, totaling $216,800. The 317th Infantry subscribed from its own pockets $176,150 and raised from outside sources $1,205,800, while the 318th Infantry came next, with regimental subscriptions of $151,000 and outside subscriptions of $1,534,150. The highest per capita in the camp was made by the Motor Truck Company, which reported an average of $135 for each man in the unit. The quartermaster training school came second, with a per capita of $130.90, and Baker Company No. 1 making the next highest rate of $110.50. Subscriptions in camp. The following are the results of the campaign in each regiment and separate unit in the cantonment, with the exception of those already mentioned. The amounts given below are those actually subscribed by the officers and men themselves, and does not include the outside subscriptions obtained: Depot Brigade, $196,050; Three Hundred and Fourteenth Field Artillery, $113,400; Three Hundred and Fifteenth Artillery, $93,650; Three Hundred and Fifth Trains, $84,950; Three Hundred and Fifteenth Machine Gun Battalion, $28,050; Three Hundred and Thirteenth Machine Gun Battalion, $22,000; Quartermaster Training School, $21,150; School for Cooks and (Continued on Second Page.)
FIRST AMERICAN SHOTS GO INTO HUN TRENCHES Artillery Opens Active Hostilities on French Front at 6 o'Clock in Morning. GUN POSITIONS SHELLED American troops are in the first-line trenches on the French front. The artillery fired the army's first shot of the war at 6 o'clock on the morning of a recent day at a German working party. There has been intermittent artillery fighting since. The helmeted infantry marched in without the knowledge of the enemy, on the same night, through rain and mud. The French soldiers welcomed them enthusiastically. The nearest enemy trench is several hundred yards away. The sector is one of the quietest on the front. It has not been taken over, being under the control of troops under the direction of the French. The Americans have shelled German gun positions and troops, the enemy sending back shell for shell. The first shell case will be sent to President Wilson. It is now in the possession of Major-General Sibert. The shot was fired by a red-haired gunner as his comrades in the ranks and the assembled officers cheered. Later a luncheon in the field was attended by the American and French artillerists in celebration of the first American contact with the enemy. The gun used in firing the first shot was one of the famous French 75's. On the second day the French shelled a German battery position which was located by sound, and the enemy replied vigorously, projectiles falling close to the Americans who had joined in the artillery duel. The Boches did not discover the Sammies making their entry into the trenches. The troops entered the trenches safely, unit by unit, and passed quickly to the places assigned to them. Quietness was essential, but the French welcome nevertheless was none the less heard, and it was enthusiastic. Every American was shaken by the hand, some were hugged and kissed on both cheecks by the French. The Sammies found the trenches muddy, but nevertheless, in a condition of excellent construction. Greetings being over, the American soldiers settled down, and at daylight, under low hung dripping clouds, they got their first view of the German lines stretching away in the rolling terrain. The fact that a quiet sector of the French line has been selected for this final training work is evidence that the actual American front will be located elsewhere. It has been the custom of the British army to harden their new units gradually to the shock of shellfire before making them responsible for the holding of any portion of the front. The section in which the American infantry and artillery is at work is a finishing school for the military education of the men, particularly the gunners, and, when a sufficient seasoned forced has been developed, the Americans will take over a portion of the front.
Italians Withdraw. Under the German-Austro pressure on the Isonzo front, the Italians have withdrawn their lines to the border of one sector and are preparing for the evacuation of the Bainsizza plateau. Reports from Rome state the offensive on the Isonzo front has resulted in the capture of 80,000 Italians. More than 500 guns were also taken. At many places, the Germans are now fighting on Italian territory, the announcement states. So alarming has the situation become that Great Britain and France (Continued on Second Page.)
HIGH COST OF WRITING NEWEST EFFECT OF WAR Increased Postage Rates on First-Class Mail Effective on November 1. After November 1 the folks at home will value a letter at least 1 cent more than hitherto, for, after that date, all first-class mail matter will cost 1 cent additional for each ounce or fraction thereof, with the exception of letters which are dropped or mailed at the central post-office. The high cost of "writing" also affects postal cards, and, on and after November 2, it will cost just double what it did before that date to send your best girl a picture post card of Camp Lee, the Battle of the Crater, the residential section of Petersburg, or any other local point of interest. That this necessary war measure will be strictly enforced is evidenced by the warning issued by the Postmaster-General in regard to mail which will be en route at the time the new measure goes into effect. Letters which are received at the camp Lee Post Office after November 2 for delivery from other post-offices, other than the one at Petersburg, will be held for postage if the additional penny stamp is lacking. After the 1st of November all letters and cards received at a post-office from an outside point for distribution in that post-office's district will be held for deficient postage, and returned to the sender, if known, when he has neglected to add the additional postage.
RICHMOND FAMILIES WANT CAMP LEE MEN Many Anxious to Entertain Soldiers Over the Week-End or for Sunday Dinner. Southern hospitality has a strong hold in Richmond where many patriotic families have volunteered to entertain soldiers from camp Lee at their home over the week-ends or to invite them to sit at their tables for Sunday dinner. The invitation to the men of the 80th Division is extended through the Commission on Training Camp Activities, whose Richmond headquarters is at 607 East Grace Street. This opportunity of becoming acquainted with Richmond families and partaking of home cooking of the famous Southern variety should surely meet with hearty response on the part of a grateful soldiery. All those who wish to avail themselves of this privilege, should communicate at once with the commission at the address given above. Simply write that you appreciate their thoughtfulness and would like to spend the week-end in Richmond or take Sunday dinner with a family there. The commission and the family in question will do the rest.
COLORED DRAFTED MEN ARRIVE AT CAMP LEE Selectmen Are Assigned to Training With Depot Brigade and Service Battalions. Camp Lee's quota of colored selected men, with the exception of a few hundred from scattered Pennsylvania and West Virginia districts, are in camp and assigned to training battalions of the Depot Brigade, and to the 505th and 506th Service Battalions. The total number of colored troops now here is slightly less than 8,000, of which 5,400 are from Virginia and about 2,600 evenly divided from Pennsylvania and West Virginia. They began arriving Saturday afternoon, October 27, and by evening 2,000 had arrived from Richmond City, Va., and neighboring counties. They were distributed through the 16th to 24th training battalions of the Depot Brigade, occupying the barracks formerly used by the third to the eleventh battalions, recently transferred to other cantonments. Early the following morning troop trains with Sunday's contingents began to arrive, and by sundown they had brought an additional 1,800 men; 604 from Pennsylvania, and 124 from West Virginia. They were the first colored draftees from those States to reach here. Monday, October 29, 1,200 more negro troops arrived and on Tuesday less than a thousand were added. Some of the arrivals Tuesday morning were thoroughly drenched before they reached their barracks by the heavy rain which swept over the cantonment. On Wednesday and Thursday the arrival of 2,000 more men completed the present incoming movement of colored troops. Most of the last arrivals were from Pennsylvania, with a small percentage from [illegible] Virginia, and one [illegible] batch of a half dozen from the southernmost corner of Virginia.
The Bayonet Protects Its Readers Every officer and every private in Camp Lee can patronize every establishment that advertises in our columns with 100 per cent confidence that he will be courteously and fairly treated. If he is not so treated, we urge him to bring his wrong to us; our business office will see that it is rectified. THE BAYONET is essentially the enlisted man's paper, and we are undertaking this selection of the best establishments at which to deal, not as an advertising stunt, but as a genuine service to our forces. It will not be done haphazardly, but painstakingly and vigorously. We have barred one advertiser from our columns because we did not think he was a fit merchant to recommend to our forces, and we will continue to bar similar advertisers. Remember this when you decide to make your purchases and, above all, remember it if you are unfairly treated. We encourage every man in camp to bring his just grievances to us; we are here to serve him and are anxious to do so. Football Game in Richmond. On Saturday, November 3, the Randolph-Macon football team will play Hampden-Sidney at Boulevard Park. This promises to be a most interesting gridiron battle, and as a reduced rate of admission will be charged all men in uniform, it is expected that a large number of men from Camp Lee will avail themselves of the opportunity to attend.
HUNTING SEASON IS ON Camp Lee Nimrods Should Get Licenses From County Clerk. The hunting season in Virginia opened yesterday and already a large number of licenses have been granted the eager nimrods of this part of the State. Game is plentiful hereabouts, for the season has been excellent for breeding and the new game law has been rigidly enforced to protect the supply. Although the Krag-Jorgenson and the Springfield may not be used by the soldier in tracking down the elusive 'possum, it is expected that a large number of the officers and men at Camp Lee will take advantage of all holidays and patrol the woods and fields with the handy and effective shotgun. Applications for licenses should be filed with the county clerk at Petersburg.
NEW EQUIPMENT ARRIVES Apportionment Will Be Made Where the Material Is Most Needed. Three boxes of athletic equipment have been received by the athletic department of the camp, and their contents very shortly will be issued to the regiments which need them most. Eventually it is hoped that enough athletic equipment to fully supply each company will have been obtained. All organizations have been asked to send in to the athletic department lists of all the equipment which they have on hand at present. This has been done, so that a fair apportionment of the material on hand may result.