The Bayonet, 1 March 1918
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TWO THE BAYONET: CAMP LEE, VA., FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1918.
FICTION, NOT WAR BOOKS, IS CHOICE OF NATIONAL
Four Times More Novels Than Volumes Dealing With Conflict Are Read.
HIGH STANDARD IS SHOWN
What do the men in training camps read - besides letters? War books? Yes,. Verse and plays? Some. Reference works, technical treatises, history and the like? A fair amount.
But the choice of a big majority is fiction. Records kept at the Camp Lee library show that of the volumes obtained their by the 80th Division's selectives more than 60 per cent are fiction. It isn't cheap fiction - there are no "penny dreadfuls" or "shilling shockers." For remember that in this list of fiction there are the works of Mark Twain, for which there is a great demand, and of other celebrated authors. In fact, the literary taste of Camp Lee's Nationals is of high standard.
The records of Librarian H. S. Green for the last month show that of nearly 2,700 books passed out, more than 1,600 were fiction. Books on war, especially "The First Hundred Thousand" and "Over the Top" were in demand, too, ranking next to fiction. In all, more than 400 books on the war were taken from the library, say 15 per cent of the total books obtained.
Nationals Study French.
Books of various other classifications - an exceedingly varied list - were next in popularity, 342 of them having been read outside the library - about 12 per cent of the total number of books checked out to selectives. Five per cent of the total, about 125, were volumes of poetry or plays. Fourteen books on the study of French were procured at the library, indicating that some young men don't intend to be at a disadvantage when they go overseas. Six books were on philology, and one was on religion.
About 150 books are taken out each day, although more than that have been obtained on several occasions. At least 200 books are constantly out, with the number increasing. The figures given here include those of the first days the library was opened, when the crowds had not yet begun to arrive.
Much more reading is done in the camp than these figures alone indicate, for many of the selectives do their reading in the library itself, where they may smoke and take life easy in a comfortable chair. Magazines, too, furnish an added attraction.
In addition, from ten to thirty books are given out every night at each of the library's twenty-two substations in the various Y. M. C. A. huts and other public buildings. A total of 600 books is always in circulation from these agencies. From time to time the stock is exchanged for other volumes.
New Books Arrive.
New books are arriving constantly. Some of them are additional copies of books which have proved extremely popular, others are gifts of individuals or libraries, some are those especially asked for by only one person, and many are late books just off the press.
Recently several hundred new books, most of them inspired by the war, arrived. Man of these are technical, on such subjects as airplanes and airplane engines, land and submarine telegraphy, hand grenades, amp reading and sketching, catechism of electricity.
Some of the newer books are General Wood's "Our Military History," manuals of various subjects, books on the rapid training of recruits and on what a company officer should know. Engineering and mathematics books are on hand also.
Several new volumes on personal experiences in the war, including "The Letters of a Canadian Stretcher-Bearer," are among the new arrivals.
Every night Mr. Green forwards to the American Library Association's headquarters or to the Library of Congress a request for books which have been applied for. The latest one is for Leon Trotzky's book, "The bolsheviki and World Peace." It's been off the press only a week or two.
Another request was by a medical officer for the latest works on plastic oral surgery. One studious young man asked for a history of civilization, which comes in four volumes. These most probably are on the way now to Camp Lee by special delivery parcel post.
Low Rate of Air Fatalities.
The acting chief signal officer of the army has issued the following statement: "Distressing though recent fatalities in the aviation section of the signal corps have been, the percentage of casualties among our young aviators is very low, considering the great increase in the number of men flying each day. The aviators at the signal corps training schools are averaging about 1,700 hours of flying per day, which makes a distance of about 103,000 miles flown each day. This is equal to four trips around the earth. Considering this amount of flying, the percentage of fatal accidents is remarkably low.
Where Nature Fails.
A tired business man was camping with his six-year-old son in the depths of a forest, when the youngster startled his father with the following remark:
"Dad, I can hear the cuckoo, but I can't see any clock."
Army Officer Arrested for Telling Name and Date of Ship Sailing
The War Department authorizes the announcement that a young officer is held in arrest because he divulged to a relative the name of the vessel upon which he was about to start overseas and the scheduled date of departure.
The disclosure of such information by officers and men about to sail is strictly forbidden in General Orders No. 94, War Department, 1917, and warning is again issued that officers and men must not acquaint relatives or friends with details of arrangements for departure. Disciplinary action faces offenders.
H. A. PASLEY LEAVES; PUT ON CAMP'S FIRST VAUDEVILLE SHOWS
Liberty Entertainment Manager Overcame Big Obstacles.
H. A. Pasley, who for several months was stationed in camp Lee in charge of the Liberty entertainments, which were given generally in the Knights of Columbus Hall and preceded the opening of the Liberty Theater, has left Camp Lee for Newport, R. Il. There he may continue similar work - at any rate, he will be stationed in one of the training camps, probably in one which does not have a Liberty Theater.
Provided with no place in which to state the shows, Mr. Pasley overcame many an obstacle to achieve the big result - to get the entertainments - and they were good entertainments - to the men. But for the willing assistance of the K. of C. he would have had more difficulties to combat in their auditorium, although there wasn't the stage, with its lights and scenery, on which vaudeville ordinarily is presented, the main problem was solved - the men had a chance to see the entertainments.
The entertainments, with casts of eight to twelve, provided the kind of diversion the men like - fun and music - notably the kind supplied by the "Musical Maids" and J. K. Murray Comedy Company.
MOTHERS MEET AT HOUR SONS HERE HONOR THEM
Parents in Pittsburgh to Hold Sessions as 319th Nationals Gather by Companies.
CARD SENT EVERY NATIONAL
News of the second meeting of the mothers of the men of the 319th Infantry was brought to Camp Lee today by Mrs. Taylor Allderdice, of Pittsburgh, who was one of the moving spirits in the gathering.
"It was wonderful beyond the power of description," she said. "Over 2,000 mothers were present, and their quiet determination to keep the home fires burning for the return of the men from Allegheny County was most impressive. The mothers are heartily in sympathy with Colonel Cocheu's idea. They have arranged to hold meetings the second Friday of each month, at the same hour the sons in the field are holding their mothers' remembrance services.
"The first of these meetings will be held next Friday night in each of twenty-five communities in Allegheny County. The mothers decided that it was best to have the mothers convene in local gatherings, rather than journey to Pittsburgh, because of the inconvenience and expense of travel. It has been arranged so that few mothers will have to travel more than a few blocks.
"Mrs. Carl Cost, who has tow sons in the 319th Infantry, presided at the mothers' meetings on Washington's birthday. She won the heart of every mother present. The assemblage was convened in the Soldiers' Memorial Hall in Pittsburgh, and every seat was taken.
Following the meeting, postal cards were mailed to every officer and man in the 319th, bearing this message:
"As the soldiers are united for the service at the front, their mothers have united in a great mass-meeting here to-day. The bond that binds them both is the purpose and the desire to win the world's struggle for freedom. A blessing and a message of good cheer goes to every mother's son on this day so full of meaning to America. What Washington helped to realize for America may you help to realize for the world,"
Lieutenant John J Noone, chairman of the regimental committee on mothers' remembrance day, announces that his committee is preparing an impressive program for the observance of the day next Friday. A selected poem and a number of appropriate songs are on the program.
The late Admiral Dewey was a lover of children, and when he took his constitutional, always spoke to those he met.
"Well, my little man," said he to a small boy of the neighborhood, "what are you going to be when you get to be a man?"
"Oh, an animal in the navy, just like you," the child replied promptly.
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DESERTER IS SENTENCED TO LONG PRISON TERM
Virginia's Punishment Reduced From 15 to 10 Years by General Brett.
AUSTRIAN IS JAILED ALSO
Two sentences, one of ten years and the other of five years, both at hard labor, were imposed on two privates of the Eightieth Division recently by a general court-martial.
Private David Buracker, Company H, 318th Infantry, charged with desertion, received the ten-year sentence. It was charged that Buracker left his command on pass November 12, and remained absent until apprehended at his home, near Luray, Va., January 1.
Buracker was sentenced to fifteen years by the court-martial, but General Brett, in reviewing the case, said he felt the prisoner's short service with the government had not developed in him the correct sense of discipline, and consequently he reduced the punishment from fifteen to ten years. The Atlantic Disciplinary Barracks, at Fort Jay, N. Y., were designated as the place of confinement.
the other prisoner, who received the five-year sentence, was Private Andy Bogovitch, Fifty-sixth Company, Depot Brigade, charged with insurbordination to a superior officer.
The formal charge was that Bogovitch on January 4 refused to don a uniform when ordered to do sy by Lieutenant John A. Moss. bogovitch's defense was that he was an Austrian citizen, and had never taken out his first papers.
His contention was overruled on the grounds that if he had claimed exemption on these grounds, they had been overruled by the exemption board, and that since his arrival at Camp Lee the United States had declared war on Austria, which automatically made him an alien enemy.
General Brett, in reviewing Bogovitch's case, said that his remedy lay not in willful disobedience, but in proper application for discharge through military channels. General Brett approved the sentence, and designated the Atlantic Disciplinary Barracks as the place of confinement.
The pioneer organization of Camp Lee, the first unit formed here, held its semiannual dance on Washington's birthday. The affair was well attended. Lieutenant Trecartin acted as chairman of the various committees which consisted of the following men: Invitations - Sergeants William Bell, Harold B. Scorer, Private Harold Edinburgh. Music - Sergeants Jay H. Cassidy, Edward Perry and A. C. Ruoff. Supper - Sergeants John Evans, John P. Robinson and William Wardle. Decorations - Sergeants Watson T. Chesterman, Norman Jones and George S. Ziegler. The room resembled the Ritz Carlton ballroom to such an extent that the boys forgot for the night they were soldiers. Music was furnished by the 317th Infantry orchestra.
Petersburg matrons were patronesses. At 8 o'clock trucks packed with straw left Petersburg and City Point to bring the guests to White House Manor, the truck company's headquarters. Dancing started at 8:30 and continued until 11 P. M., when Chef Wallace, in his white uniform, entered the ballroom and sounded the time-honored chow bell. Then there was a grand march to the banquet hall, where an elaborate supper was served. The national anthem was played at 11:30. It was most impressive, with lights dimmed, and an immense spotlight focused on the "Star-Spangled Banner," and an engraving of the father of our country. With every man standing at salute, it was a sight that will long be remembered by every one present.
He Was Untrained.
It was Goldstein's first dinner party, and when the hostess began pairing off the guests she addressed him:
"Mr. Goldstein, will you please take Miss Jacobs out to dinner?"
"Vy - vy - vy,"stammered Goldstein, plainly embarrassed, "I thought you was having the dinner here in the house."
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EVERY MAN IN CAMP GIVEN CHANCE TO CUT HIGH COST OF LIVING
Cash Saving Here or at Home Possible for Soldier and Dependents.
MANY STORES CO-OPERATE
Here's a chance for every officer and enlisted man in the Eightieth Division - and in any other division - to save money. For even in these days with the cost of living shooting sky-ward faster than a Liberty motor can speed an airplane, reduction of the H. C. of L. is still possible - at least for those in the army.
The plan is simple. By becoming a member of the Association of Army and Navy Stores, Inc., and patronizing the stores which are members, the soldier, or his dependents, saves an amount, generally 5 per cent, of his purchases. This applies not only to army equipment, but to everything from groceries to dry goods.
Even when the soldier himself - officer or enlisted man - is in Europe, his wife or mother, for example, by patronizing the member stores, can save. Five dollars pays for a life membership in the association, so that even after the war the saving may be continued.
For example, if a soldier's family spends $300 a year in grocery stores, shoe stores and department stores displaying the sign of the association, a saving of $25 would be effected.
Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite and Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron have been members of the association for years, as have many other regular army officers. The project in Camp Lee is advocated by division headquarters. In order to make it easy for the officers and men here to become members, the company correspondents of THE BAYONET have been detailed to accept applications for membership, together with the $5 membership fee, and within a few days they will be furnished with instructions and the necessary blanks.
Not only will the saving be possible in Petersburg and Richmond. In Pittsburgh, Wheeling and other cities from which the Eightieth Division is recruited stores are joining the association.
For example, in Pittsburgh the wife of a soldier member may realize the saving by patronizing Horne's department store, Verner's shoe shop, Bigelow's photograph studio, Spiegel's dyeing and cleaning plant, and other establishments, a list of which is furnished members. In Wheeling there is a George E. Stifel's department store. More stores and more cities are being added to the list constantly.
Here's the method of saving: The purchase is made, paid for in cash or placed on a charge account. If the bill is paid within sixty days the receipted bill or cash slip is sent to the headquarters of the association, and the same day a check for the saving, be it 5 or 10 per cent, is mailed to the member.
there are no trading stamps, the store has nothing to do with it so far as the purchaser is concerned - it may not even know he is a member of the association. The scheme effects a savings to the soldier, or his dependent, and at the same time throws the army and navy business to the member store, with the added feature of generally insuring the payment of bills within sixty days.
To the recently commissioned officer the greatest attraction lies in the fact that he is able to save greatly on his heavy initial outlay for equipment. To the enlisted man, although he buys a little equipment or clothing from time to time, its greatest drawing power is that he can save both now and after the war for himself and his dependents.
the stores may be recognized by this sign of the association, generally painted on the windows - a combination of the arms of West Point and Annapolis.
The range is wide, and includes tailors, men's furnishings, shoes, laundries, jewelers, florists, meats and groceries, druggists, department stores, optical goods, photographers, millinery, furniture, hotels, restaurants, hardware, auto supplies, sporting goods, stationers, pianos, upholsterers, dentists, books, firearms and many others.
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NEXT ARMY OFFICERS MAY COME FROM MEN BATTLING AT FRONT
Fields of France Likely to Be Site of Third "Camp."
That the theater of war in Europe will be the third training camp to provide officers for the United States Army is the conviction of prominent military authorities. When the present series of camps is concluded it is hoped that the number of men commissioned will be sufficient for the time being.
If it is decided to materially increase the numerical strength of our forces beyond the present draft, high ranking officers are strongly in favor of promoting enlisted men of General Pershing's forces that have made good under actual war conditions.
"We have learned that the battle front is the greatest school of the soldier," remarked a high-ranking officer at the War Department recently, and we are becoming convinced that it is better for our army to commission deserving and experienced soldiers that have been through the ordeal of fire than to conduct another series of camps, which will not only deprive us of the services of the applicants for commission, both of our own and our allies' armies necessary to make camps a success."
Yale Prepares Officers.
The authorities at Yale University have decided to create a three-year military course to begin next fall, and to continue while the war continues, to fit men specifically for commissions in the artillery. The course, which has been carefully worked out, will carry the student through the theory and practice of field artillery up to the point where a final course of training at a reserve officers' training camp will make of the successful candidate an exceptionally well prepared officer. In the meantime, the insistence upon an intensification of the present course has been promptly met by allowing the undergraduate enrolled in the R. O. T. C. to drop three more hours a week of his regular work and to substitute three hours of military work.
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MEN WEEP AS CAPTAIN LEAVES FOR NEW POST
Nationals of C Company, 319th, give Watch to Officer's Mother as Remembrance.
GIFT TOUCHES COMMANDER
The leave-taking between Captain Charles R Nalle, the former commander of C Company, 319th Regiment, and the men of his command was not without its touch of pathos. Captain Nalle has been transferred to the Depot Brigade.
When the men of his company learned that he was going, they decided to show their appreciation for the kindness and consideration he displayed toward them in the five months he was their commanding officer by buying him a present. A collection was taken up and $75 secured. One of the soldiers only had 15 cents, and this he contributed to the fund.
A solid gold wrist watch was purchased, and then the men learned that Captain Nalle would not be permitted to accept the present, army regulations prohibiting this.
But they were not to be thwarted. They presented the watch to Captain Nalle's dearest friend, his mother. The presentation speech was made at noon Saturday by Sergeant Haley. So touched were some of the soldiers when the time came to say good-by to their captain that many broke into tears.
Captain Nalle, too, was so affected by the demonstration and the sight of his men crying that during the course of his farewell speech he became choked and backed away from the mess hall, where the farewell reception was being held, without finishing his remarks.
Camp Funston's Name Changed.
The name of Camp Funston, at Leon Spring, Texas, has been changed to Camp Stanley, in order to avoid confusing it with Camp Funston at Fort Riley, Kans., which retains that name.
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PERSHING'S COUSIN SINGS
Miss Helen Heiner, cousin of General Pershing, and niece of Brigadier-General Gordon Heiner, of Camp Lee, sang for four audiences in Y. M. C. A. buildings here. Miss Heiner is a noted contralto of Pittsburgh.
He'll Tell Some Day.
The children of the neighborhood were interested in the news that Willie Jones boasted a new baby brother.
"What's his name, Willie?" one inquired.
"We haven't found out yet," Willie replied. "He can't talk yet."
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