The Bayonet, 15 March 1918
Zoom in to read each word clearly.
Some images may have writing in several directions. To rotate an image, hold down shift-Alt and use your mouse to spin the image so it is readable.
´´ Do It for the Eightieth Division - Do It for America!´´ THE BAYONET The Official Publication of the Eightieth Division, National Army.
VOL. I. - No. 29. CAMP LEE, VA., Friday, MARCH 15, 1918. 10-page news section PRICE FIVE CENTS. 4-page pictorial section
BRITISH GENERAL VISITS MILITARY MISSION HERE
Brigadier D. F. Trotter Inspects Officers and Men Detailed as Instructors in Camp. IS VETERAN OF TWO WARS In front of division headquarters Monday morning an inspection of unusual interest was held. The five officers and eight enlisted men, members of the British military mission here, were inspected by Brigadier-General D. F. Trotter, G. B., C. M. G., M. V. O., and D. S. O., in command of the British force of instructors in the various training camps in America. The eight enlisted members of the mission were inspected in full marching order. Part of their inspection included an exhibition of the British manual of arms, unusually interesting to the American officers and men who witnessed it. General Trotter is veteran soldier, having lost his right arm in the Boer War. At the outbreak of the present European conflict he went to France, where he was in active service until his departure last fall for America. With Major-General Cronkhite, General Trotter made a tour of the entire camp, and on his return expressed himself as delighted with the progress the Eightieth Division has made. He returned to Washington Monday evening.
´´PRECURTAIN´´ SINGS ROUSE ENTHUSIASM OF AUDIENCES Songs in Theaters Put Crowds in Receptive Mood.
Camp Song Director J. A. Driscoll has introduced an innovation in the singing line which has proven unusually successful. Before each performance at the Liberty Theater a fifteen-minute period has been set aside as a singing period for the audience, and, as the saying goes, they eat it up, sharps, flats and all. At first it was the intention of Mr. Driscoll to conduct singing between acts, but on account of a tendency to destroy the atmosphere of the show, he has deemed it advisable to utilize only the pre-curtain period. Promptly at 7:15 the singing starts [illegible] and continues until 7:30, when the show starts. Mr. Driscoll conducts from the stage.
PAINTERS DECORATE BARRACKS´ INTERIORS OF 320TH REGIMENT Even Coalbins and Wood Boxes Share in Dress-Up Campaign.
Determined to surpass all other units in camp in the matter of cleanliness and sanitary conditions, companies of the 320th Infantry have added to the appearance of their barracks by painting the walls, ceiling, posts, etc., on the interior. The paint was purchased from the company funds and volunteers to do the decorating were not hard to find. Work in the majority of the barracks has been finished, and the buildings present a very homelike appearance, the change from bare wood being very noticeable. In many cases the painters were not content with coating the interior, but extended their activities to the coal and wood boxes and screened garbage can racks on the outside.
ENGINEERS SPAN RIVER WITH PONTOON BRIDGE Canvas Boats Used in Work on Appomattox - Company Sleeps Under Pup Tents SOLDIERS COOK OWN MEALS
Company B, 305th Engineers, is spending the week camping along the Appomattox River, between Petersburg and the site occupied by the Motor Truck Company, for the purpose of instruction and drill in throwing out the new pontoon bridges across the Appomattox. Supports for these bridges are provided by strong canvas boats, on which are laid the planks which form the floor of the bridge. The number of boats required to support the bridge is determined by the weight of the troops or loads to be supported by the structure. For light bodies of dismounted troops, a space of several feet intervenes between boats, while to provide a bridge for artillery or mounted troops the boats are lashed side by side and covered with a double layer of planks. While engaged in the construction of pontoon bridges, the engineers camp out of doors, sleeping in pup tents and messing in the open. At the mess time they file past the table from which are issued their rations of bread, bacon, potatoes and whatever else may make up the bill of fare and trot off to little fires built in holes in the ground, where they cook their own meals. Lieutenant Kenney is acting captain of the company while it is engaged in pontoon bridge building. He is assisted by Lieutenant Levis and Lieutenant Lebeck. The officers apparently are enjoying the novelty of living in the open and messing as the enlisted men themselves do.
Brigadier-General D. F. Trotler, of the British army, and Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite.
NOTICE TO MOVE PUSHES DIVISION´S MORALE TO TOP OF THERMOMETER Squad-Rooms Buzz at News to Prepare for Overseas´ Duty Soon ´´POETRY´´ IS ONE RESULT
If morale were measured by temperature the top would have been blown off the thermometer when the division learned last week, through THE BAYONET, that it had been booked for early service in France. Every squad room buzzed with the topic. Every squad had something to say about it. And a direful future for Kaiser Bill was the topmost theme of every discussion. General Cronkhite told last week in THE BAYONET how he viewed the order to prepare. This week the enlisted man gets his chance. The one hope of Supply Sergeant Peter Gazic, of Company M, 319th Infantry, is this: ˝I want to capture by brother, who is now in the Austrian army. I have not seen him for seven years, but I could readily identify him. If I am fortunate enough to achieve my ambition, I will bring him back to the ´Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave.´˝ First Sergeant Young, of the same company, has different ideas. As a marksman in the regular army he takes this view: ˝What I desire is to see the Kaiser at a distance of about 500 yards and myself at a kneeling position. I certainly would cause the Kaiser to cease breathing.˝ ˝Instead of shooting the Kaiser,˝ says Antone Steggert, Company M barber, ˝I want Company M to take him alive, in order that I may have the extreme honor of clipping his hair and send it to the Carnegie Museum at Pittsburgh. They would then display the hair as a specimen of hair of half-man and half-beast. The Carnegie Museum would appreciate such a rare specimen.˝ Private Thomas L. Jolly, of Company M, waxed facetious: ˝Don´t kill the Kaiser. Save him. He will make good noodle soup for Hungry M.˝ Company H, 319th Infantry, has a novel idea, says Corporal Andrew J. McClusky. The members of Company H, 319th Infantry, have unanimously decided that Major-General Cronkhite should be one of the principal speakers on the Independence Day program, which will take place in Central Park, in Berlin. Our knowledge of geography is entirely too meager for us to state with any assurance that there is a Central Park in Berlin; but if there isn´t, weĺl build one, and then go ahead with the celebration. The reading of the Declaration of Impudence will, of course, be one of the principal features of program, and for the special benefit of the Hon. ˝Bill˝ Hohenzollern, who may possibly never have heard it, an embossed invitation to attend the ˝doings˝ has been sent. The fireworks, without which no Fourth of July celebration would be complete, have already been provided, not a few ˝cannon crackers˝ being included in the lot. There are also some nice varieties of ˝Roman Candles˝, which have been donated by the King of Italy, especially for the occasion. In addition to these, there will be an abundant supply of sky rockets equipped with Liberty Motors˝. Besides these there has also been received quite a number of different kinds of pin wheels, which are so devised as to make more than the average amount of ˝revolutions.˝ These were imported from Russia at considerable expense, so it shouldn´t be hard to figure out why they have more ˝revoutions˝ connected with them than the average pin wheel. Last, but not least, we have some particularly clever ideas in the way of ˝snakes in the grass˝, which were donated by some of our pacifist friends in America. All in all, the occasion promises to be quite a memorable one for all who are fortunate enough to be present. It certainly was an awful blow for the ˝birds˝ in this company, who had had the Eightieth Division trensferred to Honolulu and Mexico and a few other equally warm places, to fiud out that we had actually been ordered to make preparations to ˝go over.˝ (Continued on Third Page)
SELECTIVES WARNED ABOUT LOAN SHARKS NEAR CANTONMENTS Profiteers Charge Extortionate Interest, on Liberty Bond Security.
To guard against loan sharks who have been operating in the vicinity of training camps, the Treasury Department sends out a warning to the soldiers of this and the other camps to be on the lookout for them. These money-lenders have been making loans on soldiers´ Liberty bonds, charging them 10 per cent for a $50 or $75 loan on a $100 bond. Reputable banks will pay market prices, which carry only a slight discount, for any bonds that soldiers may have for sale. They will also lend money on these bonds at reasonable, lawful rates.
PHILLY ATHLETICS PLAY SOLDIERS HERE APRIL 12 Klepfer May Pitch for Lee Division Against Connie Mack´s Diamond Stars ADMISSION TO BE 25 CENTS
Captain B. R. Murphy division athletic director, has signed articles of agreement whereby Connie Mack, manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, will bring his team here to [illegible] on April 12 a baseball team to be selected from players of this division. Twenty-five cents will be charged to see the game, which will be played on a diamond to be laid out on a drill field. In lieu of an inclosed field a guard will be posted. The Athletics will play for 50 per cent of the proceeds, up to $700, all the money over that going to a general divisional baseball fund to be used in promoting that sport. The team has not yet been selected to represent the division, but, in all probability. Eddie Klepfer, last year´s leading pitcher of the American League, will be the division´s [illegible] stay in the box. Other former big leaguers in the camp who should win positions on the team are Joe Harris, who formerly played first base for the Cleveland Americans, and Milyus, who played in the outfield last year for the Brooklyn Nationals. The last two players are members of the 320th Infantry. The Athletics will come to Camp Lee from Charlotte, N. C., where Camp Greene is situated. In Charlotte they will play the Pittsburgh Nationals an exhibition game.
THEATER IS DAMAGED BY BIG WINDSTORM: OPEN AFTER REPAIRS ˝Baby Mine˝ Opens to-night - Runway With Next Week´s Show
The windstorm of the first of the week, besides blowing everybody´s eyes, earns, nose and mouth full of sand, also blew down the gridiron in the riding loft of the Liberty theater, inflicting $3,000 damage, and causing the big playhouse to be ˝dark˝ Tuesday night for the first time since its [illegible] Yesterday closed the ˝Kick In˝ engagement at Camp Lee and to-night the initial performance of ˝Baby Mine˝ will be given. This show will be with us to-morrow, matinee and night, and also Sunday afternoon and night. The first part of next week ˝The Million Dollar Doll˝ will entertain the Lee Division. The show will open Monday and end its engagement Wednesday night. ˝The Million Dollar Doll˝ is a big musical show, and, besides a chorus, it carries with it a runway for the young lassies to go out in the audience. Thursday, Friday and Saturday of next week ˝Mutt and Jeff˝ will occupy the boards of the Liberty Theater. It is musical show based on the newspaper experiences of Bud Fisher´s famous characters.
CAMP IS FIRST TO GET NEW ´BROWNING´ GUN: INSTRUCTION BEGUN Captain From Ft. Sill Here to Explain Workings of Latest Weapon.
The first Browning machine gun, recently tested and accepted by the United States government, to be placed in any training cantonment in America was recieved Wednesday by the Eightieth Division. The gun will be used for instruction purposes in the School of Arms, and Captain Zinn, who came to Camp Lee from Fort Sill, will act as instructor.
$50,000 WILL BE SPENT IN ELIMINATING SWAMPS Dredging of Bailey Creek, Near Artillery, Will Reclaim Marshy land MOSQUITO HOMES DOOMED
The beginning of a $50,000 improvement in Bailey Creek, to provide drainage for the section of Camp Lee which lies in the Bailey Creek valley, is announced this week by Captain Hooks, in charge of the camp quartermaster construction work. The creek is to be dredged to afford the necessary channel and elevation in the creek bed to make the stream a means of carrying off the water in the artillery section of the camp and in the section along the middle road. Bailey Creek proper flows rather sluggishly in a general direction past both points of the "horseshoe" into the James River near Hopewell. One branch cuts almost the entire way through Camp Lee and along its shores lies quite a bit of swamp land. The dredging of the creek will eliminate these swamps, providing much more dry ground for use as drill fields and eliminating the breeding places of mosquitoes. A greater portion of the labor required to dredge the creek will be provided by the service battalions. The work will be done through the camp construction quartermaster's department under the direction of detachments from the engineers. EVERY MAN IN CAMP TO GO HOME BEFORE 80TH DIVISION SAILS Pittsburghers May Get First Passes, if McAdoo Approves Request for Cars. GENERAL OUTLINES DRILLS Every officer and enlisted man in the Eightieth Division will receive a five-day permit to visit home before leaving Camp Lee for overseas. This is by order of Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite, commanding general of the division. It is intended as a recognition of the enthusiasm with which the members of the division have given up their usual Wednesday half-holidays and evenings, that they might get every minute of drill that it is humanly possible to give them in the short time remaining. If present plans are approved, the men from Pittsburgh and Allegheny County will be the first to go home. Pittsburgh has raised $100,000, and is ready to raise $1,000,000 if necessary to take 2,000 men or more, all expenses paid, back for the opening of the Liberty bond campaign, April 6. If Secretary of the Treasury McAddo will supply the cars the men will go, General Cronkhite having agreed to grant passes. The announcement, which is of the greatest interest to all members of the division as well as the folks back home, was made for the first time in an exclusive interview with THE BAYONET. In this interview the commanding general continues his interesting narrative of his observations on the war fronts, applies them to the situations confronting the Eightieth Division, and frankly outlines the plans immediately ahead. Proceeding on the theory that every member of the division is entitled to know everything that is to be known, and the telling of which will not accord German spies information to employ against the welfare of the American army, Major-General Cronkhite discusses freely and without reserve many of the matters of largest importance to the division at this time. CANNOT ALL GO AT ONCE. "I wish every officer and enlisted man in the Eightieth Division to have an opportunity to run home for a farewell visit before we leave." he said. "We're going to be gone a long time - just as long as is necessary to do a good job. It's only right, and a fair return for the long hours they are giving up to the intensive training in these finishing stages, that they should have a few days off to see the folks at home. "Of course, they cannot all go at once, especially during the last few days. That would be giving notice to all the world of the exact date of our departure. Regimental commanders will adjust the matter, however, so that the leaves and furloughs will be well distributed over the allotted time. The permits will be for five-day periods. It must not be understood that the date upon which the last permit expires is approximately our date of departure. Such will not be the case. The permits will be issued on the policy of getting them over with as quickly as possible, so that the division will be primed and ready to respond when the order is given. "There is plenty of work ahead. I cannot emphasize too strongly the sense of personal responsibility I feel that each soldier should be well and thoroughly trained. If I can help it, there will be no green men in the Eightieth Division when we hit the firing line. If any man in this division is killed because he hadn't been properly drilled in every big and little detail of modern fighting. I shall feel personally responsible for his death. I want the men to realize this; to know that when they are asked to work hard and then harder still until they think they cannot go any harder, that there's a good reason for it all, and that is their own safety. Make Soldiers on This Side. "We will follow out exactly the ideas of General Pershing that the men should be made soldiers on this side. There's little enough time and little enough space when we get there, but it will suffice to get the finishing touches in trench fighting and the other work that has to be developed in connection with trench fighting. But General Pershing very properly insists that we must be soldiers when we land. That's what so much of the work here is aimed at. "The very first requirements of a soldier are that he be orderly, precise, direct in everything and addicted to cleanliness. He must have that habit of keeping clean. He'll understand (Continued on Second Page.) DIVISION'S GENERALS TAKE PHYSICAL TEST: ALL PRONOUNCED FIT Result Believed to Indicate They Will Serve With Division. The Lee Division's five generals are physically fit. From the major-general commanding to the junior brigadier-general, all have been pronounced to be physically able for service. This is taken to indicate that all the generals attached to the division will accompany it when ti moves to France. Major-General Cronkhite passed his physical examination at Washington recently. This week General Lloyd M. Brett, 160th Brigade; General Charles J. Farnsworth, 159th Bridge; General Gordon G. Heiner, 155th Artillery Brigade, and General Wilds P. Richardson, of the 155th Depot Brigade, went to Washington, where they underwent the tests. WAR RISK INSURANCE SAPPED UP BY MEN OF LAST INCREMENT Thrift Stamp Sales Reach Total of $5,000. The sale of war insurance, the War Risk Insurance Bureau reports, to the "rookies" who arrived at Camp Lee last month is very encouraging. These men appear to have a clearer knowledge of the war insurance law and seem better able to recognize the benefits of such insurance. This attitude in part is probably due to the fact they they had an opportunity to investigate its features before their induction into the army, an opportunity denied members of the division sent here last fall. The sale of thrift stamps at the different canteens, Captain Jones, of the bureau announces his been risk. So far the members of this division have bought $5,000 worth, and indications are that the amount will steadily increase. 313TH FIRES FIRST SHOT ON BIG ARTILLERY RANGE Battalion Lives Under Pup Tents During Week at Dutch Island Gap. WAR PROBLEMS SIMULATED The First Battalion of the 313th Field Artillery fired its first shot this week on the new artillery range at Dutch Island Gap. The move to the gap was made Monday morning. The battalion was accompanied by the battery commanders [illegible] Regiment, ordered [illegible] Robert S. Welsh to observe the firing on the new range. Orders were issued [illegible] the [illegible] one Charles D. Herron and his officers and men spent a busy day preparing for the trip, which began at 8:15 o'clock Monday morning. Promptly at that hour the firing batteries, with Colonel Herron and his staff at the head of the column, moved toward the Hopewell road, while great wagons laden with supplies and the tentage, extra clothing and equipment of the artillerymen made up a typical supply train. A detachment from the medical corps, with a motor ambulance, accompanied the battalion. The move to the gap accomplished according to the schedule mapped out by General Gordon G. Heiner, commander of the brigade, quick time was made in establishing communications and laying the firing battery. Tents were pitched first-the little pup tents which shelter two soldiers-and camp was pitched just as though the battalion was actually engage in a service campaign. The battery commanders' details of the battalion, while the service firing is in progress, are engaged, under the supervision of well-trained officers, in working out the firing problems and observing the firing. As announced in THEY BAYONET when plans for the range at Dutch Gap were announced, Dutch Island has been converted into a huge basket to receive the shells, and the firing is done from positions from where all guns can be aimed in the direction of the island. From now on, as long as the 155th Field Artillery Brigade remains in Camp Lee, the Dutch Gap range will be kept in use as much as possible, in order that the officers, special details and firing batteries may gain practical knowledge of conditions under which they will have to work in actual warfare. ENGINEERS BUILDING SPECIAL RIFLE RANGE NEAR APPOMATTOX Instruction to Show How to Drop Work to Meet Foe. The 305th Engineers are soon to have a new rifle range. A detail of men from Company B, which is building pontoon bridges over the Appomattox River, is at work on the new range. It is to be a 100-yard rapid-fire range, constructed especially for the target practice designed to fit the engineers to meet the problems that confront them, causing them to turn from their work to the defense of their lives. The new range is south of the Appomattox, about a mile and a half from the Petersburg city limits. COL. U. G. WORRILOW IN COMMAND OF 318tTH; ENLISTED AS PRIVATE Reaches High Rank After 29 Years in Regular Army. Colonel U. G. Worrilow last Saturday took command of the 318th Infantry Regiment, which, since Colonel B. H. Well's departure shortly before Christmas for France, has been in the command of Major Albert Dockery. Colonel Worrilow has risen from the ranks to his present high commission. He enlisted as a private in the regular army twenty-nine years ago. BIGGEST BANK IN ARMY WILL BE FORMED HERE Outdoor Concerts to Be Given in Moonlight by 200-Piece Camp Organization. WILL GET MEN ACQUAINTED The largest military band in the army, an organization of probably 200 pieces, is to be formed from the membership of the seven bands of the Eightieth Division. Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Waldron, chief of staff, is in charge of the arrangements that will give to the Eightieth Division the distinction of one of the most wonderful musical organizations ever attempted among enlisted men in the army. It is not the intention to disband the regimental organizations now intact, but to combine them for special concerts for the benefit of the entire division. The first concert will be held at night as soon as the full moon returns, a gigantic band stand being erected around the divisional flag pole. Not only members of the division, but their friends from Richmond, Hopewell, Petersburg and other points, will be invited to attend the open-air concert. "It will not be long before we will all be on the firing line, facing the same dangers," said Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite yesterday, in announcing the plans upon which Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron is working, "and I think we all would like to get better acquainted. I realize that because of the large territory covered by the camp and the active duties of the drill hours the acquaintances of the men have largely been confined to their own organizations. In the short time remaining I hope these acquaintances may be materially broadened, so that the infantrymen will know the artillerymen and the signal corps men, and vice versa. An increased general interest in the division may reasonably be expected if we know one another and establish strongly the personal equation. "It is with this in mind that we are arranging for the divisional band concerts as soon as the moonlight will permit of open-air gathering at night." 3,000 TREES TO LINE STREETS; CAMP SITE WILL BE BEAUTIFIED [Illegible] to Get Special Attention. Under the direction of Lieutenant-Colonel A. W. Foreman, division quartermaster, work was commenced last week in beautifying Camp Lee, not to include, however, the members of the division. The plans call for the planting of 3,000 shade trees along the roads and at other points throughout the camp. Particular attention will be paid to the entrance of the camp at the Hopewell and Petersburg concrete road and to the development of the plot of ground in front of Division Headquarters Plaza. Major George A. Totten, of the Engineers' Training School, formerly landscape gardener in charge of government property in Washington, has aiding in the laying out of the work. TREES AND WITS ENOUGH FOR ENGINEERS' BRIDGES Student Officers Span Streams With Various Types of Structures Built From Logs. TRAILS ARE CONSTRUCTED In the woods immediately adjoining the engineer officers' training school there are numerous evidences of the practical instruction that the students seeking commissions in this branch of the service are receiving. Road-building, which is of paramount importance to all armies, is being done every day by various classes, and the results are stretches of corduroy roads, wagon trails and ordinary roads cutting through the woods. Bridge-building and demolition classes are also making their marks on this part of Camp Lee's landscape. The demolition classes, in which the quick, efficient and safety-first use of dynamite and other high explosives is taught, daily blow away large tree stumps and other obstructions in the course of their instruction. In the bride building classes a little ravine on the edge of the wood has presented an excellent opportunity for this work, with the result that it is spanned no less than four times with as many different bridges. Three of the bridges are grouped together, where they are exhibited and explained to classes by Captain George J. Richards, bridge building instructor, and his assistants. In this group is a spile trestle bend bridge, used mainly for crossing narrow, shallow places. The other two bridges are of the single and double lock type, which are employed in spanning deep depressions, in which no opportunity is afforded to run supports into the ground directly beneath the bridge. The double lock is only a variation of the single lock type. The king post bridge has been built further in the woods and demonstrates what a resourceful engineer can do with practically nothing but the native pine and his wits. The bridge is put together entirely by interlocking notches, and the key to the whole construction is the king pole in the side.