The Bayonet, 15 March 1918
Zoom in to read each word clearly.
Some images may have writing in several directions. To rotate an image, hold down shift-Alt and use your mouse to spin the image so it is readable.
TWO THE BAYONET: CAMP LEE, VA., FRIDAY MARCH 15, 1918. NEW TRAINING PROGRAM DEMANDS TERRIFIC PACE Ideas Brought Back by General Cronkhite From France Incorporated in Schedule. DIGGING IN TO BE PRACTICED From now on "intensive" training in Camp Lee is to be more intensive than the most imaginative young man in the Lee Division ever anticipated. Now that General Cronkhite has returned from the front fully equipped with a stock of the very latest training methods, it may be expected that the hardest kind of work is to be forthcoming. Little post-graduate drill in France means that the men here are to be virtually ready to go on the firing line as soon as they debark in France. Intensive digging in is to be a big item in the new schedules. For the uninitiated it may be explained that intensive digging in is literally making the dirt fly. It has been determined that a soldier can work at the job at his highest efficiency only two minutes at a time. So while two-thirds of his outfit rests the other third digs. In this manner, with three reliefs, a man digs two minutes and rests four. General Cronkhite has issued a long bulletin on what is in store for the men. It follows: The Bulletin says: The following provisions will govern the instruction of this command: Instruction in maneuver warfare will be the main object of the training of the division. This is especially imperative in view of the probable early departure of the division of acquiring this instruction in France. The customary half-holiday on Wednesday afternoon is discontinued, and schedule of instruction on that day will cover same hours as on other instruction days. Target practice will continue in accordance with arrangements already prescribed. Additional firing will be conducted under the supervision of unit commanders, with the object of developing the greatest possible number of instructors in rifle practice (coaches). All officers and at least four (4) noncommissioned officers or privates in each platoon will be qualified as coaches. Upon the conclusion of prescribed course, men who fail to qualify will be grouped for additional instruction under especially qualified coaches. Exercises in field firing involving commands of squad, platoon and company units will be held upon the conclusion of known distance practice. Known distance practice and field firing will be continuous from this date until the departure of the division on foreign service. It must be borne in mind that unless the objects sought in target practice are accomplished before the departure of the division from this country, there "[illegible]" ever be attained on foreign soil. Target practice facilities abroad are meager to a degree beyond the conception of officers accustomed to American ranges. In addition to field firing, exercises in simulated firings will be conducted, involving: (a) Recognition and designation of objectives. (b) Fire orders. (c) Distributed and concentrated firing. (d) Rapid loading with dummy cartridges. Except for the Depot Brigade, training of organizations in trench warfare will be limited to one day per week. This day will be devoted principally to the development of the defensive position already selected, and to exercises. In the tactics and technique of the arms peculiar to trench warfare in connection therewith. The remaining five days of each week will be devoted to maneuver operations, night operations and target practice. Instruction in maneuver operations will embrace: (a) Service of security and information; patrolling, advance guards, outposts. The principles of the drill regulations and field service regulations will govern. (b) Combat exercises with particular attention to: Reconnaissance prior to engagement; personal reconnaissance of commanders of positions for deployment and of successive firing positions. Advance in zone of artillery fire (artillery formation). Advance by bounds. Alternative advance under mutual covering fire (mutual support of units). (c) Marches (regimental brigade and divisional) in connection with assumed tactical situation. (d) Camping (bivouac); camping expedients ( construction of improvised field ranges, ovens, etc.). Instruction in night work; basis "Night Movements" Burnett, and "Notes on Operations, No. 3," pages 109 to 124. Training in night work will involve bayonet fighting, wiring, revetting, intrenching and tactical exercises (including raids). Close order drill will be limited to a period not in excess of one hour per day. All close order drills will be preceded by an inspection of the unit with particular regard to personal appearance, neatness and cleanliness. No drill will be conducted beyond the power of the instructor to command the attention of his men. Drills at attention must be so in fact as well as in name. Flagging attention in all forms of instruction must be aroused by resort to some of the especial exercises designed to keep men on the alert. The instructor must sense when attention of his men is flagging. Instruction in field fortifications of line troops in general should be principally devoted to: (a) Intensive digging. (b) Wire drills (notes on recent Operations No. 3 pages 212 to 223). Pioneer platoons will, in addition, be given thorough instruction in the construction of dugouts. Officers' schools: Instruction in officers' school will be principally devoted to the preparation and solution of problems in maneuver warfare. Exercises frequently fall through lack of preparation. It will be the function of unit schools to insure that preparation, how essential this is, if disease is to be kept down and his own health unimpaired when he gets across. Nobody is trying to be fussy when he makes him keep his bunk clean and orderly and won't permit him to throw matches and cigarette ends around. It merely is forcing upon him the habit of cleanliness. If he doesn't get that habit, he will be in more danger from disease than German bullets. As a protection the habit of cleanliness is as important, and more, than the gas mask, the steel helmet and the other devices of like nature. "Our barracks here are not perfect - there's no place for the men to hang their clothes and put away their other belongings- but they are comfortable. When we get across the circumstances will be entirely at variance with what is required and what the men have been accustomed to. Mind you, the billets are as comfortable as they can possibly be, but no one must expect to find life there as simple and easy as it is at Camp Lee. And nothing will prepare the men for adapting themselves to the new circumstances except the thorough, grounding in these four soldierly essentials- orderliness, preciseness, directness and cleanlines. Must Learn to Shoot. "The infantryman's weapon is the rifle. It isn't of much account unless the infantryman knows how to shoot. That instruction he must get here. Our rifle range at Camp Lee is probably the finest to be found anywhere in the world. It is conservative to say that the combined areas of all ranges available to the British army on the western front would not compare in area with the Camp Lee range alone. While we have this advantage certainly we should avail ourselves of it." Major-General Cronkhite went fully into the plans for the big divisional problem, announcement of which was made several weeks ago, but concerning whose progress the men have know little, although keenly interested. "The solution of the problem will involve, as far as we may, an exemplication of all the the duties that will fall to the lot of the officers and men, both day and night, in the performance of their duties in the trenches in France," explained General Cronkhite. "It will be essentially practical; no fine theory, but the real work, the real thing exactly as we will have it when we get across. In trench warfare nothing is left to chance. Before an advance, before even a small raid, everything, down to the finest details, is rehearsed time and time again. All is carefully planned out in advance, and each officer and man is given his part, like an actor being cast in a new production. As a result, the advances and the raids are generally successful. They fail only when the scheme is too complicated for the men to go through their respective parts without forgetting and fumbling. Preparing for Night Attack. "This system will be followed in the "[illegible]" of the individual problem. For example, in preparing the "[men]" for a night attack, or other night work, they will first be rehearsed in the daylight. Later they will themselves work under conditions of darkness, while their officers, with the aid of daylight, may closely observe them and correct the mistakes made. I cannot now let out the secret of how this is done, but I can assure the men that they will find it all most interesting as well as very helpful. "The execution of the problem will begin as soon as sufficient study has been given by the different organizations to whom duties have been assigned to form definite ideas for the best means of its solution. The officers and men will live in the trenches, but not for long periods. I can see no advantage in making men unnecessarily uncomfortable. Men do their best work, they think better and learn quicker when they are as comfortable as they can be made. "I don't mean that they want coddling - nothing of the sort. If it rains when they are in the trenches, and if the mud runs a foot or two deep, they'll stick and like it. But they won't be kept there a week at a time, or any such period- just long enough to be taught what it is absolutely necessary they should know about life in the trenches at this stage of their instruction. "They will find the work full of interest. Of course, there will be patrolling, excursions into 'no man's land,' attacks and all features of trench warfare. Open-Warfare Practice, Too. "This will be, however, only one of the forms of instruction, for, pursuant to General Pershing's requirements, orders have been issued to devote by far the greater part of our time to the methods of open warfare. The object is to convert our men into soldiers, and it is considered that the instruction in open warfare is most calculated to prepare them for the performance of all duties that may come to them in any kind of fighting. The methods of open warfare more fully involve all ideas of discipline, subordination and general instruction than would the more restricted requirements of trench warfare. And yet the value of training in trench warfare must not be lost sight of, for it instills in men certain orderly qualities and accentuates their mental and physical activities in a way that cannot be excelled. Both characters of instruction will, therefore, be continued with the idea of deriving the best that exists in each branch. "We are now preparing, in connection with the artillery range area, sites for regimental camps for infantry regiments which will be utilized in the solution of the open-warfare problem now being prepared. In case of necessity, provision is made for the encampment of whole brigades and even larger commands of troops. When the men get out in the field, making their own quarters and shifting for themselves under actual field conditions, I feel confident they will enjoy every minute of the experience. "The field artillery troops will begin the practice encampment on Friday next with battalion details. The practice will continue until all the troops of the brigade have been instructed. The area procured is particularly satisfactory, in that it includes deployment area satisfactory to every regiment of the service, as well as target area on Farris Island, one mile wide and two and a half miles long, with its entire area available for the construction of targets of all kinds and absolute safety in the fall of projectiles." Spirit of the Salute. Explaining the recent divisional order that called attention to laxity in saluting, General Cronkhite said: "When I left Camp Lee to visit the battle fronts, our men were not very punctilious in observing the salute. This was because of their newness in the service, and it came entirely from ignorance. On my return I noticed the greatest possible improvement. Nevertheless, there were some who failed, and failed badly, in this portion of the soldier's duty. In some cases it looked as though they failed willfully; in others, I do not question that the failure came from ignorance. But in every case it must be definitely impressed upon the minds of all men of this division that they must salute, promptly and properly, any and all officers on all occasions, no matter where they are or whom they are with. "We want the Eightieth Division to be the best division in the army; it cannot be if it becomes lax and careless in the salute. The British and French services on the western front exercise the utmost punctility in rendering salutes- the guards, the soldiers everywhere. They snap their heads around so that you think they are going to snap off. The Eightieth Division does not want to show up poorly alongside the French and British divisions in the salute or any other military function. Applies to Officers, Too. "The officers must be just as military as the men. There is no difference between the salute prescribed for the men, and salute with which it is returned by the officers. One should be as snappy as the others. A sawed-off, lazy salute is unmilitary, and will, under no circumstances, be used by members of this division. It is realized that the younger officers, as well as the men, are of limited military experience. Some are not very military in their bearing and deportment, and some are careless. But all owe it to the men under them to strive to be even more punctilious in military conduct then the enlisted men. They should be models, and not subject to criticism on account of laxity. In returning the salute of an enlisted man, the officer's duty is to make his salute so exact and snappy that no flaw can be found in it, "I doubt if all the members of the Eightieth Division have the proper conception of the spirit of the salute. It's the soldier's way of saying, 'Howdy, old man; how you feel this morning?' That's all, nothing else. It's the soldier's profession to act, not talk. So he acts out his greeting by bringing his hand smartly to the salute. Not to salute is exactly the same in civil life as passing an acquaintance without speaking. And that's petty conduct, everyone will admit. Not to put snap and smartness into the salute is the same as asking a friend the state of his health in a tone of voice implying that you wished he were dead. Just Being Polite, That's All. "I've met some junior officers who said they weren't keen on saluting negro officers. They wouldn't feel that way if they understood the spirit of the salute. If one of them came from a town where there was an old negro character, one of those fellows who do odd jobs around and are know to everybody, and should meet this old fellow, he'd at least nod his head and say, 'Howdy, uncle.' Now, suppose, through some freak of nature, this old negro should be transplanted in an officer's uniform, the salute would be merely saying to him 'Howdy, uncle,' in a military way. "I was brought up in the army, and sometimes I find it a little difficult to understand the civilian's apparent inability to grasp the proper military view-point of the salute. But I want every member of the Eightieth Division to get the right angle on it. Like most Americans, I was brought up to be polite. I always speak to an older person first. I wouldn't pass a scrub-woman by without speaking to her. In this I'm no different than the ordinary run of Americans who want to be polite and considerate. The soldier in saluting his officers, who are usually his elders as well as his seniors, is being just plain polite. I know there isn't a man in this division who wasn't brought up to be polite and who doesn't want to live up to his parents' teaching. "When we insist upon prompt, snappy, smart saluting upon every and all occasions. I hope that the men of the Eightieth Division will see the common-sense reasoning back of it all. I am happy to believe that most of them already have the proper spirit in the matter." ANNAPOLIS APPOINTEE J. Thaddeus Zmujdzinovicz to Answer Roll Next Term When they call the roll at the Naval Academy at Annapolis next term, there's likely to be a slight hesitation down toward the bottom of the list. Congressman Gordon, of Ohio, will be responsible for the delay, for he announce to-day he had appointed a Cleveland boy who will answer "Here!" when they call: "J. Thaddeus Zmujdzinovicz." SOLDIER! We will send you our BIG BAND CATALOG FREE If you want a musical instrument or supplies of any kind send today. Highest Quality, Lowest Prices, Best Selection. Express charges prepaid by us. LYON & HEALY 60-63 Jackson Blvd. CHICAGO HEADQUARTERS FOR MILITARY WATCHES AND FINE PRESENTS FOR LADIES BURTON'S JEWELERS 111 E. BROAD STREET RICHMOND, VA. LEADERS OF LOW PRICE QUALITY CONSIDERED MOVIES TO BE SHOWN AT K. OF C. BUILDINGS Machines to Be Installed Soon. Classes in French Are Progressing Swiftly. STATIONS OF CROSS TO-NIGHT The buildings of the Knights of Columbus will be furnished very soon with moving-picture machines. The order for the apparatus has been placed already. It is the intention of the directors of the K. of C. war work activities to furnish the very latest pictures to the men, as well as work in conjunction with the War Department for the display of official pictures. The classes in French are very well attended "[illegible]" present. They are now being conducted by Professor James McCartney, of University of Kansas, who is stationed at the Base Hospital with the McGuire Unit. Professor McCartney is using a new method of instruction that is proving most successful and the men are rapidly grasping the fundamentals of the language. All of the buildings of the Knights of Columbus have been crowded during the last week with the many attractions that have been offered to the men. Wednesday of last week at No. 3 building in the artillery section, the minstrel show given by the School of Cooks and Bakers proved to be one of the most distinctive entertainments ever presented to the men of the camp. It was the idea of the men from the school to promote a friendly spirit among the men of the division, and they were more than successful in their efforts. The affair consisted of a very fine minstrel show, followed by a dance. Refreshments were served also. Monday evening a meeting of members of the Knights of Columbus stationed at Camp Lee was held, and plans made for a large entertainment, which will b held immediately after Easter. It is hoped to have a number of professional entertainers here from out of town. Last Sunday evening the building was crowded to the doors to listen to a most entertaining and instructive lecture by the Rev. Father Benedict, of Richmond, Va. Tuesday evening a most delightful entertainment by talent from Richmond, furnished by the Knights of Columbus, took place. Dancing followed the entertainment. The occasion was graced by the presence of a number of ladies from Richmond and Petersburg. To-night the stations of the cross will be recited at 7 P.M. The services will be conducted by Lieutenant Henry Churchill, chaplain of the 319th Infantry. "MIKADO" TO BE PRESENTED The Rotary Club of Richmond will present the operetta, "Mikado," at the Academy of Music on this evening and to-morrow evening. The cast is composed of Richmond's best singers. With their usual generosity, the Rotarians will give the proceeds to charity through the surgical dressing committee of the War Relief Association of Virginia and the Associated Charities. There will be two performances to permit many of the boys from Camp Lee to be present. LUCKY STRIKE CIGARETTE You'll enjoy this real Burley cigarette. It's full of flavor- just as good as a pipe. IT"S TOASTED The Burley tobacco is toasted; makes the taste delicious. You know how toasting improves the flavor of bread. And it's the same with tobacco exactly. EXPERT COOKS LEAVE KITCHENS FOR NIGHT BEFORE FOOTLIGHTS Stage Minstrels, Aided by Negro Singers and 313th F. A. Band. The minstrel show of the School for Bakers and Cooks has passed into history. The last streak of makeup has been washed off and all bills have been paid. It was an occasion to be remembered. The stage-settings, with "Perculator" Kastner as a centerpiece, would have been creditable even to a regular troupe. The solos of Murphy, king of the kitchen police; Johnny Baxter's melody, "Slim" Keller's ability to pick off the tall notes without standing at tip-toe, the marvelous foot work of Manny Rotman, the surprising specialties of Billy Birdsall, the clever jokes of the end men, "Usemup" Brown, "Three-Times-a-Week" Burton and "Leftovers" Weaver," the sustaining bassos of "Heavy" Mink and "Spuds" Pertuka - these were some of the features meeting with the acceptance of the large audience. The real negro minstrels from the 510th Service Battalion gave several genuine negro melodies in response to enthusiastic encores, and the Rockino lyrics furnished a treat to the lovers of good music. In spite of these attractive features, the entertainment would not have been the success it was without the equally valuable, if less conspicuous, labors of Diefendorf and Duffy, who superintended the refreshments, nor without the assistance of the orchestra from the 313th Field Artillery. Their selections for the informal dance which followed the program gave great satisfaction. Manager Macke announces "our next engagement will probably be before Kaiser Bill, after which the war will soon be over, Bill laughing himself to death." WANTED-AUTOMOBILE, PREFERably runabout type. Address Box 25, Hotel Du Pont, City Point, Va. LOST- POCKETBOOK CONTAINING $11.00, postage stamps, post-office pass and other valuable papers. Finder return to Company Commander, 319th Ambulance Company. Reward. LOST -BY SOLDIER, AN ELGIN wrist watch, between 305th Engineers coral and corner of Railroad and Twenty-eighth Street. This watch is a grave loss to the owner for sentimental reasons. Finder will return the same to Y.M.C.A Administration Building and receive reward. FINGER'S It's Always Cheaper Here FINGER'S Cash Merchants Hopewell Street, Hopewell, Virginia MINSTRELS AND BAND OF 318TH INFANTRY TO TAKE RICHMOND TRIP Troupe of 70 Will Stage Performance There March 23. The 318th Infantry minstrels, with a troupe of seventy soldiers, not inclusive of their forty-piece band, will give a show in Richmond, March 23, for the benefit of the regimental fund. The minstrels are practicing under the direction of Captain S. J. Raymond, regimental adjutant, who is assisted by Division Song Director J. A. Driscoll. ANTI GAS INSTRUCTION IS BEGUN IN 314TH, F.A.; MASKS DISTRIBUTED Officers and Noncoms. Give Courses in Defense Methods. Classes in gas defense have been organized in the 314th Field Artillery. The men who have been designated to form the first class in defense work against the deadly Hun gases are being instructed by officers of the regiment, who have become expert in the use of the gas masks. The officers are assisted in their instruction by the noncommissioned officers of the several batteries, who recently took an antigas course of instruction at the Divisional School of Arms. Fifteen new gas masks have been issued to each battery in the regiment, and that number of student antigas defenders from each unit attend the regimental classes. Army-Navy AUCTION BARGAINS 16 page illustrated circular mailed, 5c. U.S.N. Ditty Box, $3.00 " " " Overcoats, 6.75 " " " Lanyards, .20 " " " Duffle Bag, 1.25 Revolver NeckCord, .10 Garrison Cap, $1.25 O.D. Shirts, 3.00 " " Sweater, 3.85 U.S.A. Col'r Buttons .20 "Caff Leggings 1.25 15 Acres Gov't auction bargains. Illustrated Large 428 Page Cyclopedia Catalogue mailed 50c. stamps Francis Bannerman & Sons, 501 Broadway, N.Y. H.C. Kuhlman Co. Barbers' Furniture, Supplies and Fine Imported Cutlery 117 North Eighth Street, Richmond, VA. KODAK WORK One Day SERVICE FREE Developing Lum Bros. 107 W. Washington Street Petersburg, Virginia Victorlas and Records Spalding Baseball Supplies. Uniforms in Stock. D.W. Branch Company 33 South Sycamore Street, Petersburg, VA. J.L. Brandon & Co. 105 West Washington Street, Petersburg, VA. Sam Brown Belts, Leather Puttees, English Saddles. Special price on Sam Brown Belts; $15.00 value, now offered at....$8.00 "Where the Crowds Go" B.F. Keith's Lyric (Richmond), The Home of Real Keith Vaudeville Officers and Soldiers of the Eightieth Division, National Army, Camp Lee, We Invite You to Make The National Bank of Petersburg Your Bank, Assuring You of Most Courteous Attention to Your Every Banking Requirement. Capital, $600,000.00. Resources, Over $5,000,000.00. Organized 1886. OFFICERS B.B. Jones, President. W.L. Venable, Vice-President. Chas. E. Plummer, Vice-President. E.H. Beasley, Cashier. Sterling I. Bragg, Asst. Cashier. DIRECTORS M.A. Finn Thomas B. Maelin L.A. Rosenstock N.P. Gatling B.B. Jones W.L. Venable Charles E. Plummer Charles C. Brown E.A. Hartley Chas. H. Heineman Cleans Teeth-Kills Germs You can brush your teeth and yet fail to prevent decay. Teeth need more than mere brushing. Germs and acid forming debris are the source of dental trouble, and a tooth brush plus an ordinary dentrifice is powerless against germs. Trade PRO-PHY-TOL mark Dental Cream is a germ destroyer. This tooth paste contains Pro-phy-tol anti-septic solution, more effective against bacteria than carbolic acid. An ordinary dentrifrice may clean the teeth, but Pro-phy-tol kills the teeth-destroying germs that are always in the mouth and throat. Pro-phy-tol kills the teeth-destroying germs that are always in the mouth and throat. Pro-phy-tol whitens, tightens and brightens the teeth. Put up in large, convenient tubes with ribbon mouth. 25 cts. a Tube at the Leading Druggists Ask your druggist for the Pro-phy-tol dental goods. Also Pro-phy-tol Antiseptic Solution and other toilet preparations. Pro-phy-tol Products Co., Richmond, Va.