The Bayonet, 22 March 1918
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"Do It for the Eightieth Division-Do It for America!" THE BAYONET The Official Publication of the Eightieth Division, Na-tional Army. VOL. I.-No. 25 CAMP [illegible], FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1918 10-PAGE NEWS SECTION 4-PAGE PICTORAL SECTION
GOV. CORNWELL TO SEE 315TH F.A. TOURNAMENT To Witness Big Field Fete of Fellow West Virginians at Hopewell To-Morrow GENERALS TO ATTEND ALSO Tomorrow will be a big day in Hopewell. Virginia's "Youngest City" is enthusiastic over the military tournament, parade, band concert, minstrel and vaudeville to be given by the 315th Field Artillery. This regiment of "Big Guns" has among its ranks the best of talent of various kinds, which will have an opportunity to manifest itself at the great fete. The Hopewell Citizens' Committee is arranging to entertain 15,000 persons, including Governor John J. Cornwell, of West Virginia; General Heiner, General Farnsworth, Lieutenant-Colonel Reeder and others. Promptly at 11:30 o'clock to-morrow morning the regiment will be formed by the commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Russell P. Reeder, and marched over to Hopewell, where it will parade over the principal streets. At 1 o'clock in the afternoon, in the plaza facing the Hopewell Y.M.C.A., the regiment will pass in review, after which the tournament will begin. The following program will be carried out: Shelter tent pitching-A contest between two squads from each battery and company. Physical drill, to be given by First Battalion, under the direction of Major Otis L. Guernsey. Bayonet drill, competitive, by Batteries A, B, C, D, E, F, and Headquarters and Supply Companies. This drill will be judged by Sergeant-Major Winter, of the British army, who has served at the front. Gas mask drill by Battery F. Establishment of telephonic and visual communication by regimental, battalion and battery commanders' details-To lay line and send message by Buzzer and repeat by flag; time and accuracy to count. Litter drill, by competing squads from medical detachment. Tug of war, with ten men on team from each battery and company. Shoe race. Remove leggings and shoes and place in pile: start from line twenty-five yards distant, run to pile, find own leggings and shoe, put them on and return to starting line. Centipede race-Ten men astride a pole. Mounted wrestling and fencing. At 6 o'clock all general officers, Lieutenant-Colonel Reeder and other visiting notables will be given a dinner at the Du Pont Hotel. From 6:30 to 7:30 o'clock the 315th Regimental Band will play a concert in front of the Y.M.C.A. building. Beginning at 7:30 o'clock, under the direction of Sergeants Clark and Ma-honey, a minstrel and vaudeville show will be given in the auditorium of the "Y." Sergeant Clark has had several years' experience with Al G. Field's and other minstrels, and Sergeant Ma-honey is also an experienced man of the Red Mill, so a good bill may be expected. Interspersed with jokes and readings the following numbers will be given: "All Bound Round With the Mason Dixon Line"-E. T. Karrol. "Sunshine of Your Smile"-T.F. Mc-Williams. "That Brown-Skin Gal"-John Va-chetta. "Asleep in the Deep"-Jean DuBac. "I Ain't Got Nobody"-W.D. Foster. Brass quartet-Hrudicka, Gregg, Knajcl, Floresta. "All the World Will Be Jealous of Me"-Ed Hamilton Cornet and Violin duet-Hrudicka and Crowberger. "Sing Me to Sleep"-P.A. Nichols. Vocal quartet-Heinus, Hamilton, Bye, and McMann. "Just a Baby's Prayer at Twilight"-C.T. Clark. Specialties: String Trio-Price, Bergentiner and Smith. Violin solo-Crowberger. Sketch-Clark and Ma-honey. Vocal quartet-Clark, Bruce, Foster and McWilliams. Interlocutor-Charles T. Clark. End man-Carroll, Vachetta, Foster, Avis, DuBac, and Bruce. A very funny cup fight also will be staged by Hopewell boys. The proceeds of the tournament and vaudeville will be used for the regimental athletic fund. Admission tags will be sold for 50 cents each. The purchase of these tags is optional with soldiers. Increased car and transportation facilities have been arranged, and the Norfolk and Western will run a special train to camp Saturday night. The women of Hopewell will sell sandwiches, coffee, pies, ice cream, and cake at moderate prices. The program is under the direction of Lieutenant "Demsey" Albright, formerly of Hopewell, and Lieutenants Simmons and Bedwa. All members of the Eightieth Division are invited. GENERAL RICHARDSON QUITS DEPOT BRIGADE FOR LOUISIANA CAMP Leaves to Take New Command at Beauregard - Sturges Succeeds. Brigadier-General Wilds P. Richardson, in command of the Depot Brigade here, left Tuesday for Camp Beauregard, Alexandria, La., where he will be assigned to a brigade command in the Thirty-ninth Division. Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Sturges was placed in temporary charge of the Depot Brigade after General Richardson's departure. Band Leaders of the Eightieth Division From row (left to right) - Sergeant Richard C. [illegible]; Sergeant W. H. Schmidt, 320th Rear row - (left to right) - Sergeant J. W. Moore, 318th Infantry; John A. Driscoll, division song leader; Sergeant Robert W. Burns, 313th F. A.; Sergeant C. R. Martin, 314th F. A. MASSED BANDS TO GIVE CONCERT BY MOONLIGHT Next Wednesday Evening Set for First of Series at Division Headquarters. MANY VISITORS EXPECTED The first step in the direction of organizing the bands of the Eightieth Division for combined concerts was taken Wednesday morning, when Captain Armistead Doble, aid to General Cronkhite, called a meeting of the band leaders of the seven authorized bands of the division and Division Song Director J. A. Driscoll, in the Y. M. C. A. auditorium. With a full moon scheduled for Wednesday, March 27, this date has been tentatively chosen as the night for the first concert, dependent, of course, upon weather conditions and other unforseen [unforeseen] possibilities. In the meantime the bands under the direction of Band Leader Schmidt, of the 320th Infantry, will prepare to make their first public appearance en masse. Band Leader Schmidt will also conduct the first concert. The plans calls for each concert to be arranged and conducted by a different leader. Band Leader Moore, of the 318th Infantry, is to have charge of the second concert. The concerts will begin about 7.30 and last for an hour. Many friends of the soldiers are expected to attend. The construction of the big band stand, around the divisional flag staff on Headquarters Plaza, authorized by General Cronkhite, was begun Wednesday. CORPORAL GIVEN HARD LABOR TERM FOR DISOBEDIENCE Plea of Conscientious Objector" Fails to Win Acquittal. Corporal Edward Robinette, of the 511th Service Battalion, has been sentenced by a general court-martial to three years at hard labor for refusing to obey the commands of his superior officers. His original sentence called for five years and dishonorable discharge, but General Cronkhite reduced the sentence to two years, suspending the dishonorable discharge. Robinette was sent to Camp Lee last September. He made no claim for exemption, and was soon made a corporal. In January he received a five-day furlough, and while at home, according to his defense, he discovered that the creed of his church forbade his participation in war. When he returned to camp he refused to obey his officers. General Cronkhite, in reviewing the case, said: "He raised no objections to military service until after a visit home in January, 1918, when he claims to have discovered that the creed of the church to which he belongs forbids participation in war. As a matter of fact, the creed of this church does not forbid its members to participate in war, and even if it did a soldier could not be permitted to raise such a question after for a number of months without objection. The sentence is accordingly approved, but the confinement is reduced to three years." 313TH ARTILLERYMEN TO GIVE DANCE TO BUY EQUIPMENT FOR BAND Regiment Must Have 35 Pieces for March to Berlin. The 313th Field Artillery will give a benefit dance April 5 in the Army and Navy Club, at Seventh and Franklin Streets, Richmond. The purpose of the dance is to raise money for the purchase of band equipment. The 313th Band now has thirty pieces, two more than are provided for in the army regulations, and any additional equipment must be bought by the members of the unit. The plans of the regiment are to march through Germany accompanied by a band of thirty-five pieces, and to buy this extra equipment the dance at the Army and Navy Club has been arranged. 1,000 OFFICER CANDIDATES TO BE HOSTS ON "FAMILY DAY" AS COMMENCEMENT NEARS Demonstration of Actual Work Included in Entertainment Program for April 5. COURSE WILL END IN MONTH Elaborate preparations are being made for the observance of "Family Day" in the Reserve Officers' Training Camp. This celebration, to be held Friday, April 5, will mark the close of the three months' period of intensive training mapped out for the nearly 1,000 men of the Eightieth Division who aspire to become line officers. Invitations will be sent to approximately 3,000 families of the instructors and candidates, to army staff officers and high officials of the War Department. While the actual work of the training camp will not close until about April 20, on account of the camp life being extended two weeks for special instruction in army paper work, it was decided to hold the "Family Day" celebration as originally planned on the day on which the period of intensive training closes. The Camp Lee Reserve Officers' Training Camp enjoys the distinction of being the best in the country, and Lieutenant-Colonel James N. Love and his staff intend that "Family Day" shall be a celebration of which the instructors, candidates and families of the candidates shall be proud. The program for the morning of April 5 includes exhibitions of all the phases of drill by the several companies and batteries. There will be close order and extended order drill, in both the old and new formations; grenade throwing, bayonet drills, battalion physical drill, shelter tent pitching, and every other form of drill that pertains to the instruction given the candidates in the camp. All of the guests will be entertained at luncheon. The afternoon's events will be a baseball game and review. The reviewing officers, it is expected, will include high army officials. In the evening, the guests will be entertained at dinner in the barracks of the companies. Also there will be a big entertainment in the main Y. M. C. A. auditorium. The program will be furnished by candidates from the training camp. The celebration will not be limited to one day, Captain Powell, the adjutant, announces, and the companies are planning to entertain their guests in the companies on Saturday. In addition to the committees which are planning for "Family Day," special committees of four members each are taking care of plans for the Saturday events in the companies. Arrangements already have been completed for the entertainment of the guests in Petersburg during their visit to the training camp, and for their transportation between the city and the camp to attend the ceremonies. The general plans for "Family Day" are being made by an executive committee composed of Captain Francis B. Shepherd, Captain Stanley G. Blanton and Captain Alfred B. Coombs. They assisted by the following committees:. Refreshments - Captain Charles J. Houser, Captain William M. Taliaferro and First Lieutenant Martin J. Bresnahan. Entertainment - Captain Turner W. Wiltshire, Captain William M. Taliaferro, First Lieutenant Albert M. Higley. Military Events and Athletics - Captain Richard P. Williams, Jr., Captain Francis T. Tweddell and First Lieutenant Charles H. Muse. Program - Captain Joseph R. Swindell, First Lieutenant Frederick H. Lovejoy and First Lieutenant Albert M. Higley. The purpose of the "Family Day" celebration is well summed up in a memorandum issued by Lieutenant-Colonel Love. Its first purpose, the commanding officer points out, is to afford the relatives of those undergoing training the (Continued on Second Page.) BOSTON 'REDS' MEET N. Y. 'YANK" TEAM AT PETERSBURG SOON Baseball Celebrities to Play in Game on McKenzie Field. The Boston National and the New York American League teams will play ball on McKenzie Field, in Petersburg, Thursday, April 11. Some of the celebrities who will appear in the two line-ups are Wally Pipp, who led the American League in hits last year; Frank Baker, the home-run king of the American League; Armando Marsans, the greatest baseball player; "Germany" Schaefer and Ed Konetchy, the leading first baseman of the National League. 10,000 SELECTIVES DUE TO ARRIVE NEXT WEEK New Draft From Three States to Fill Division to War Strength. PENNSYLVANIA SENDS MOST Ten thousand men, most of them from Pennsylvania, will begin arriving in Camp Lee one week from to-day. This latest increment will provide enough men to fill up every gap in the division. The troop movement, which begins March 29, will continue five days, as has been the custom heretofore when large numbers of selectives were called out. The new Nationals will be sent first to the Depot Brigade to be mustered in, and will be assigned to the various units later. Pennsylvania will send 5,612 men, the great majority of them from the districts which heretofore have supplied men for this division. Nearly 700 of them, however, will come from Western counties which had been sending their selectives to Camp Sherman at Chillicothe, Ohio. Virginia's allotment is 2,178, and West Virginia's 1,514. These will be apportioned equally among the various boards. VIRGINIANS IN BAND OF RICHMOND GRAYS IN DEPOT BRIGADE. Organization Sent Here After Shake-Up at Camp McClellan. The Band of the Richmond Grays, a former National Guard organization, arrived at Camp Lee last week from Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala., and was assigned to the Depot Brigade. In a recent reorganization at Camp McClellan, the Richmond Grays, as a unit of the One Hundred and Tenth Machine-Gun Battalion, were transferred to an infantry regiment of a National Guard division which has a band of its own. The band has a membership of nineteen-all Virginians from this part of the State. FOURTEEN STUDENTS IN ENGINEERS' CAMP GIVEN COMMISSIONS New Lieutenants Are Slated for Posts in Tank Service. Fourteen men from the Engineer Officers' Training School have been commissioned as second lieutenants in the tank service of the National Army and ordered away from Camp Lee for duty. The men commissioned are: Garnette R. Davis, Phares L. White, James A. Colvin, Clyde D. Berger, Denver H. Hyler, William H. Phipps, Tucker T. McClure, John A. Frazier, Earl L. Holman, Alfred Q. Marvin, Frank E. Cooter, Henry W. Sullivan, Ray T. Gibbs and Richard H. Sharp. VIRGINIANS TO PARADE TO BOOST "BABY BONDS" 318th Infantry Battalion and Four Negro Companies March in Richmond To-Morrow. BOOM THRIFT STAMP WORK One of the features of the big War Saving Stamp parade which will be held in Richmond to-morrow afternoon will be the presence of two battalions of soldiers and four bands from Camp Lee; headed by Major-General Cronkhite and staff. The organizations which will leave here to-morrow morning include the First Battalion 318th Infantry, Major Dockery commanding; Lieutenant Shanley, adjutant, and four full companies of negro troops from the Depot Brigade, commanded by Major Roy H. Evans. The music for the Camp Lee section of the parade will be furnished by the 317th Infantry Band, 318th Infantry Band, 314th Field Artillery Band and the colored man from the Depot Brigade. Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite will ride at the head of the detachments from Camp lee, with Captain Doble, Captain Terry and Lieutenant Harding, of his staff. Lieutenant-Colonel Owens, of the Depot Brigade, will command the entire detachment. Major Evelyn E. Harrison will have charge of the bands. The order detailing the battalions and companies to Richmond requires that the soldiers and musicians leave Richmond not later than 10 o'clock Saturday night on the return trip. WHEELING FOLK GIVE REGIMENTAL FLAG TO 314TH ARTILLERY Costly Emblem Presented West Virginia Through Public Donation. Citizens of Wheeling, W. Va., have purchased a fine regimental flag for the 314th Field Artillery. The flag for the 314th Field Artillery. The flag is now on display at Wheeling, before being forwarded to Colonel Robert S. Welsh, commander of the regiment. In response to an inquiry from Wheeling people as to what gift the city might provide for the entire regiment, members of the Supply Company replied that the best gift would be a regimental flag. Citizens of Wheeling asked, through the newspapers, for small contributions and the amount was quickly raised. The flag, a costly one, is accompanied by a staff and case. The 314th Field Artillery Regiment includes nearly all the Wheeling and Ohio County men who came in the first two increments of the first draft, and men from that city are in every organization in the regiment. LOCAL CHARACTER OF NATIONAL ARMY TO BE DROPPED IN FRANCE Regulars, Guards and Selectives to Compose One Force. The community character of National Army and National Guard units is bound to disappear as the war progresses, army officials in Washington believe. The British and French forces already have undergone the process, and the maintenance of the army on a basis of availability has begun in the American forces in France, regardless of the origin of any separate unit. General Pershing, in accord with other allied chieftains, has found the maintenance of a localization system entirely untenable in the present method of three-line defense adopted on the west front. Plans projected for a replacement system to handle a couple of hundred thousand men this year, it is understood, is founded on the fact that localization cannot be continued. Eventually, army officials hold, the enlisted men of the regulars, National Army and National Guard will be intermixed throughout all the American divisions at the front. SOLDIER, ACCUSED BY BOARD AS SLACKER, HERE 6 MONTHS One of First 5 Per Cent, Now in 314th Field Artillery, Despite Entrance in Army, Alleged to Be Deserter. Error Made Back Home. After spending six months in the service as a member of the National Army, Private Earl B. Crouse, a musician of the Headquarters Company, 314th Field Artillery received notice this week that he is charged with desertion in West Virginia. Through his company commander, Private Crouse took steps immediately to secure a correction of the record which places the charge against him. The source of the error which caused the charge to be made has not yet been learned. The notice of the charge of desertion came from Captain Breckenridge Jones, chief of the department of military census and enrollment of West Virginia. The specific charge is that Crouse failed to report himself for examination by the local conscription board for Hancock County, W. Va., upon being notified to do so. Private Crouse was very much surprised at the notice that he is charged with desertion. He registered at Wierton, W. Va., on June 5, and a little later went to Coshocton, Ohio. He returned to the Hancock County seat at New Cumberland, W. Va., and was examined on August 18. He was accepted for service and was sent with the first increment of 5 per cent from his county, reaching Camp Lee September 6, 1917. He was assigned to Battery A, 314th Field Artillery. Later he was transferred to Headquarters Company. No trouble is anticipated in securing a correction of the record.
BLUE RIDGE DIVISION OFFICIALLY NAMED BY GEN. CRONKHITE First Publication of Designation Announced by Commanding General in The Bayonet. COAT-OF-ARMS IS ADOPTED Its the Blue Ridge Division. Major-General Adelbert Cronkhite, commanding the Eightieth Division, in an exclusive interview yesterday, announced for the first time that the official designation adopted for his command was the Blue Ridge Division. This will come as a surprise to most members of the command, as the impression had gone out that the name, Lee Division, had been selected. The latter designation was suggested by Brigadier-General Brett on the occasion of the celebration of Lee's birthday, and had met with considerable acclaim, both in Pennsylvania and in Virginia. It was not General Brett's suggestion, however, that the name Lee should be associated with the division until after it had proved its fighting qualities under fire. "The name of the division was decided upon some months ago, before I sailed for Europe," said Major General Cronkhite. "It was decided, however, to make no announcement of the name until a suitable crest had been selected. "During my absence Captain Thomas Terry was at work on the matter of the crest. He has consulted the leading authorities in the country, and has had designs submitted by the foremost artists in heraldry. "With Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron and other officers he went over the various designs carefully, and selected the one that seemed best to reflect the spirit and geography of the division. "The crest has been approved and formally adopted. I believe it will meet with the enthusiastic indorsement of every officer and enlisted man in the division. States Joined by Mountains. "As the men of the division come from the three State of Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia, it was desired that some name should be decided upon that would apply equally to each of these three Commonwealths mentioned. "If you will look at a map of the United States you will notice that the three States are joined by the chain of mountains known as the Blue Ridge. This range of mountains is, indeed, the common property of the three States. It serves as a heavy, indestructible thread uniting the States from which the men of the division are drawn. There is something symbolic in this, something that I do not think will escape the appreciation of the members of the command. "As the Blue Ridge Mountains are the inanimate, geographical thread of union, so the Blue Ridge Division, with the best men of the three great States fighting side by side in the same glorious cause, will be the animate, living thread of union. "The slogan selected for the division is 'Vis Montium,' which, translated from the Latin, is 'Strength of the Mountains.' I hope and believe that the Mountains.' I hope and believe that the Mountains.' I hope and believe that the (Continued on Second Page.) INFANTRY REGIMENTS REVIEWED BY ORDER FROM HEADQUARTERS Parade of 320th Infantry This Afternoon Ends Schedule. The official reviews, ordered by headquarters, which have been held every afternoon this week on the 350th Engineers drill grounds end to-day with the review of the 320th Infantry. The first was held Monday when the 305th Engineers were reviewed. Tuesday afternoon the 319th paraded. Wednesday the 317th, Thursday the 318th and this afternoon the 320th review ends the schedule. These reviews are in addition to any that regimental commanders may have scheduled and will not interfere with the arrangements that Colonel George Jamerson, of the 317th, and Colonel U. G. Worrilow, of the 313th, have made to review their commands this afternoon. COMEDIES ARE BILLED FOR NEXT TWO WEEKS AT LIBERTY THEATER "Mutt and Jeff" on Boards This Week - "There She Goes" is Next. Four musical comedies are the attractions billed for the Liberty Theater for the next fortnight. "Mutt and Jeff," which opened last night, will play to-night and to-morrow night. Following it comes "There She Goes," which ends its engagement next Wednesday night. "Very Good Eddie" will play the last half of next weeks. "Stop, Look and Listen" will be on the boards April 1, 2, 3, and 4. PROBLEMS IN TACTICS STUDIED BY OFFICERS Important Course Begun Under Instruction of Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron, Field Expert. NONCOMS. TO TAKE COURSE With the days of preparation prior to the departure for France rapidly drawing to a close, one of the most important courses of instruction open to the members of the Eightieth Division was started this week, when all of the field officers of the infantry regiments were formed into a class in tactical walks under the direction of Lietuenant-Colonel W. H. Waldron. Later the field officers will give the same instruction to the company officers, who, in turn, will instruct the noncommissioned officers.The course lasts two weeks, taking six full half days a week. "It is a tactical course of instruction for field officers of the infantry organizations of the division," explained Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron, "and is intended to bring about a uniform system throughout the command, so that the officer will always know exactly what the officer on his right and the officer on his left are doing under given circumstances. In short, it is intended to establish all commanders on a common ground and speaking the same language. "The instruction is calculated to get every one to doing things in a uniform manner in so far as minor tactics is concerned. The importance of this is plain. When we get into action there must be no guess-work, no uncertainty and no lack of uniformity. If one officer does a thing differently from another, neither will know exactly what the other is doing, and, therefore, cannot work out his own problem with the proper respect for effective team work. And no battle was ever won without perfect team work. "The course includes problems in outpost, advance guard, patrolling, preparation of defensive positions and of infantry combat. The same problems that are given the field officers to work out will be given later to the company officers and then to the non-commissioned officers." Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron is probably the greatest authority on tactical problems in the American Army. He has spent many years in a thorough and specialized study of minor tactics, and has been assigned on a number of occasions as a special instructor in this field in regular army, National Guard and officers' training camps. It was because of this that he was designated by Major-General Cronkhite to inaugurate and direct the important course now under way. Lieutenant-Colonel Waldron takes his class to the site of the problems under discussion. The problems are then for the first time read to the officers and the solution worked out on the spot. Conferences are held frequently during the solutions. As the problems are later to be worked out by other classes, they are guarded with the greatest secrecy. When the noncommissioned officers have been instructed, however, it is hoped that it will be possible for THE BAYONET to print some of the problems for the benefit of the men who have not had the advantage of the class instruction. SOLDIERS CAN GET BED FOR 35 CENTS A NIGHT AT RICHMOND'S CLUB Price Reduced When Heat No Longer Is Cause of Expense. The price of a night's lodging at the Army and Navy Club at Richmond has been reduced from 50 cents to 35 cents. With the coming of warm weather, the necessity of providing artificial heat for the gigantic clubroom, dance hall and sleep dormitory is a thing of the past for several months. This cuts a large slice out of the expense of maintaining the club. The Army and Navy Club is becoming more popular every week. Not only do the men in the service find the dormitory a delightful place for a refreshing night's rest, but the writing room, the music and the reading tables are used more every week. The Saturday night dances are growing in popularity.