The Bayonet, 10 May 1918
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FOUR THE BAYONET: CAMP LEE, VA., FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1918
mother, either or both, whether they are his own or his wife's grandparents. The ninth is: A soldier's father-in-law or mother-in-law, either or both. The tenth is: A soldier's grandchildren. The eleventh is: A soldier's step-father or step-mother, either or both. The twelfth is: A soldier's wife's step-father or step-mother, either or both. 9.--Q. What is the general distinction between the Class "A" and Class "B" dependents, so far as concerns the soldier's obligation to support them? A. A Class "A" dependent is a person legally entitled to look to the soldier for protection and support. A Class "B" dependent is one who, by reason of consanguinity, or near blood relationship, generally, or near blood relationship, generally, though not always, may be morally, though not always, may be morally entitled to the support of the soldier, when by reason of their physical or mental infirmities, or both, whether that dependency is caused by reason of extreme youth or old age, or whether through accident or misfortune, they have been rendered incapable or partially or wholly providing for themselves. 10.--Q. What is meant by the term "allowance" under this law? A. The "allowance" is sometimes called a "fifty-fifty" proposition. It is a sum of money, or contribution, by the government sent in addition to, and contingent upon, the soldier's allotment to his dependents. 11.--Q. Will the government make and send this allowance to the soldier's dependents unless it is claimed? A. No. The allowance must always be claimed either by the soldier or by some dependent permitted to claim it. In the case of Class "A" dependants, the right to claim the government allowance is shared by the soldier and by such Class "A" dependants. In the case of allowances provided for Class "B" dependants, this right can be exercised only by the soldier. If he wants his Class "B" dependants to receive the government allowance, he must claim it. 12.--Q. Is it possible for the soldier's dependants, either in Class "A" or Class "B" to receive the government allowance unless the soldier first makes a proper allotment of his pay? A. No. The government will not make the allowance unless the soldier has first made the proper allotment of his pay to secure it. Where a soldier has neglected to state that he has Class "A" dependants, and those dependants make a claim for the government allowance, which, as explained in A-11 above they can do, the soldier will be compelled to make the proper allotment of his pay, so that his Class "A" dependants may receive their proper allowance, whether he wishes to do so or not. Class "B" dependants, however, have no legal right to claim allowance from the government, and the soldier cannot be compelled to make an allotment to them, or claim an allowance for them by reason of such allotment. 13.--Q. If the soldier has no dependants in Class "A", but has dependants in Class "B," can he be compelled to make an allotment to such Class "B" dependants, or to make any allotment at all? A. No. So long as the soldier has no dependants in Class "A", he cannot be compelled to make any allotment to Class "B" dependants. 14.--Q. Can the soldier without dependants of any sort retain all of his pay if he wishes? A. At present he can. Under this law, however, the government may withhold an amount not in excess of one-half of his pay, which amount will be retained on deposit at interest by the government and paid to the soldier or to his estate upon his discharge or at the end of the war. The law says that the Secretary of War shall have the right to demand this compulsory deposit from the soldier when in his discretion, the conditions are such as to require it, and under such regulations as the secretary may prescribe. But this compulsory deposit cannot be required of the soldier if the soldier has previously made allotments either for his dependants, or for Liberty bonds or insurance, amounting to one-half or more of their pay either for the support of their relatives and dependants or for insurance premiums, or when they do so for the patriotic purpose of purchasing Liberty bonds. This right has not as yet, been exercised by the Secretary of War, and it may or may not be exercised in the future. 15.--Q. How does the soldier determine the amount of allotment which will have to be deducted from his pay to secure the full government allowances? A. The amount of allotment which the soldier must make depends both upon the class in which his dependents fall and their number. The amount of the soldier's allotment necessary to receive allowances must at all times equal as nearly as is possible the amount of the government allowance for such dependents, except that if the soldier has only Class "A" or Class "B" dependents, the minimum, or smallest allotment, which he can make in such case is $15, and the maximum, or largest amount, which he need allot is one-half of his monthly pay. 16-Q. If the soldier is a private and has dependants in Class "A" alone, what would be the proper amount of his allotment? A. If the soldier is a private, his monthly pay is $30. If he has a wife, who is a Class "A" dependent, and for whom the government allowance is $15 per month, the soldier must in this case equal the amount of the government allowance, but is, at the same time, one-half his pay, or the largest amount he need allot, and is also the minimum or smallest amount permitted-that is, $15. If the soldier is a private and has a wife and one child, both of whom are Class "A" dependents, his monthly allotment to secure the government allowance would still be $15, irrespective of the fact that the monthly government allowance to a wife and one child is $25, and more than the $15 which the soldier is required to allot to secure the $25 allowance. The reason that the allowance is still $15, although the allowance is $25, is because the $15 is, according to the rule, the minimum allotment, or $15, and also the maximum, he need allot, or one-half his pay, $15; and at the same time, is the amount which most nearly equals the amount of the government allowance, $25, without exceeding one-half of the soldier's pay. 17-Q. If the soldier is a sergeant and has a wife, what would be the proper allotment? A. The pay of a sergeant is usually $38 per month. The wife of the soldier in this case, as in the case of the private, is a Class "A" dependent, and the government allowance to a wife is, in all cases, $15, irrespective of the rank or pay of the soldier. The sergeant would, therefore, be required to allot the same as the private, or $15 monthly, because this amount equals the amount of the allowance, and is the minimum allotment permitted. A sergeant having only a wife is not required to allot the largest, or maximum, amount required to secure allowances in some cases, because one-half his pay, $19, is more than the amount of the government allowance, and in no case is the soldier, no matter how large his pay, required to exceed the amount of the government allowance. 18-Q. If the sergeant had a wife and one child, would his allotment still be $15 a month, if he wished to secure the allowance for them? A. N., His allotment would in that case be $19 per month, because the government allowance to a wife and one child totals $25, and $19 per month is as near as the sergeant can equal $25 without exceeding one-half of his pay. 19-Q. Is the rule applied in the case of a first-class private, or a corporal, having a wife and a child in the same manner as it is to a sergeant? A. Yes. The first-class private having a wife and child would be required to allot $16.50 per month to secure the $25 allowance for his wife and child. The corporal, whose pay is $36, would be required to allot $18. The rule as stated and applied in the case of the private and sergeant, with a wife alone, or with a wife and child, applies in the same manner and with the same force to every soldier, and the amounts of the proper allotments differ only as the pay is larger or smaller, and as the government allowance claimed is greater or smaller than one-half of the soldier's pay. 20-Q. If the soldier has no Class "A" dependents, but has dependents in Class "B" for whom he wishes to claim and receive allowances, how will he determine the proper amount of allotment to secure the allowance? A. The rule in this case is much the same as when the soldier has Class "A" dependents alone. The minimum allotment he can make, $15, is exactly the same. The maximum allotment is also the same-that is, one-half of his pay-and he must always equal as nearly as possible the total government allowance. 21-Q. For an example, take the case of a private who has a brother dependent upon him, and for whom he wishes to secure the government allowance? What would be the amount of his allotment, and why? A. The pay of a private is $20. The government allowance for a brother is $5 per month. The proper allotment for the soldier to make would be $15. This is the minimum allotment which can be made to secure any allowance where the soldier has dependents in only one class, either Class "A" or Class "B" dependents, where the soldier has no wife at all, or where he has been divorced from his wife and no alimony has been granted her. 22-Q. Is there any similar case to that stated in 21 with reference to determining proper allotments for Class "A" dependents? A. Yes. It is similar when the soldier has no wife, or a divorced wife not entitled to receive the government allowance, but has children for whom he is compelled to make an allotment. If the soldier has one child and no other dependents in either Class "A" or Class "B," in order to secure the government allowance of $5 a month for one child, he would have to allot $15 monthly. This is at all times the minimum, or smallest, amount that can be allotted by the soldier to secure allowances when he has dependents in but one class, "A" or "B." 23-Q. If the soldier has no wife but two children, what is the amount of the proper allotment to secure the allowance? If three children, what amount must be allotted? A. The allowance for two children is $12.50 a month, and, applying the rule as already explained, the proper allotment would be $15, the minimum. If the soldier is a private and has three children and no wife, for whom the government allowance is $20 monthly, his allotment should be $15, because this is both the minimum allotment that can be made and the amount, not over half of his pay, which most nearly equals the amount of the allowance. In the case of a sergeant having three children and no wife, the proper allotment to secure the allowance would be $19, because this amount is one-half his pay and the amount most nearly equal to the government allowance, $20. In any case where one-half the pay of the enlisted man is greater than $15 and the allowance sought is also greater than $15, in order to secure the allowance, the soldier must equal the amount of the government allowance whenever it is possible for him to do so, without, however, at any time alloting more than one-half of his total pay. For instance, if a sergeant claimed allowance for dependents in one class and the total of the government allowances claimed was $30, or even $50, monthly, the largest allowance the government will make, the sergeant would only need to allot $19 monthly, or one-half his pay, because this amount most nearly equal the government allowance, and one-half of his pay is the greatest amount the soldier is required to allot in any event to secure allowances for dependents in any one class. 24-Q. What is the largest allowance the government will make to the dependents of any one soldier, whether such dependents are in Class "A" or Class "B" or both classes? A. Fifty dollars monthly. This amount is the largest contribution or allowance which will be made by the government, but the soldier's dependants may receive an amount greater than $50 monthly, because the government allowance is never made until the soldier has first made the proper allotments from his monthly pay and claimed such allowance. The soldier's dependents will receive each month as in one check the total government allowances claimed, not exceeding in any one month the sum of $50, plus the amount of the allotments made by the soldier to secure such allowances. It is possible, therefore, for his dependents, basd upon rank and pay of the soldier and the amount of his dependents, in either or both classes, to receive $70 monthly and upwards. 25-Q. If the soldier has already made his proper compulsory allotments for all of his dependents in Class "A" and claimed allowances for them, if he has other dependents in Class "B" for whom he desires to secure allowances, can he do so, and how? A. Yes. There is, however, one instance where he could not receive either all or part of the allowances provided for Class "B" dependants, and that is where the total amount of allowances payable to his Class "A" dependants under his compulsory allotment is equal to or exceeds $50 monthly. In such case, the soldier's Class "A" dependents would have exhausted the total amount of allowance which the government will pay to the dependents of any one soldier, and there would be, therefore, no further sums payable as allowances to his Class "B" dependents. If, however, the total amount of allowances payable to the soldier's Class "A" dependents is, for instance, $30, there would remain $20 monthly available for allowances to his Class "B" dependents. If such were the case and the soldier had a father for whom he wishes to obtain the government allowance, $20, he could make an additional allotment and claim it. The amount of his allotment in such a case would be one-seventh (1-7) or his total monthly pay, or $5, whichever amount is the greater, or most nearly equals the amount of the allowance to be claimed. In the case of a private, the proper allotment would be $5, because this is the minimum in such cases and while it is greater than one-seventh of his monthly pay, it applies in the case ofa private. The allotment of a private, first class, in the same case, would be $5, for the same reasons as apply in the case of a private. In the case of a corporal, the allotment would be $5.14, or one-seventh of his monthly pay, because that amount is greater than the minimum required allotment, and is also as near as the corporal can equal the $10 allowance without exceeding the one-seventh of his pay, or the maximum required allotment. The case of a sergeant is identical with that of the corporal. His allotment would be $5.43, or one-seventh of his pay. 26-Q. If the soldier has more than one dependent in Class "B" to whom allowances are payable, if he has already made his proper compulsory allotments to secure allowances for all of his Class "A" dependents, he is only required to make allotment of $5, or one-seventh of his monthly pay, whichever is the greater, to secure allowances for one or more Class "B" dependents. Thus, in the case stated where the allowances claimed by the soldier for all of his Class "A" dependents totaled $30 monthly and there remained available for Class "B" dependents the difference between $30 and $50, the maximum monthly allowances which will be paid by the government to the dependants of either or both classes of any one soldier, or $20, if the soldier had a mother and father, for whom the allowance is $10 each, or $20 for both, he would, if a private, have to allot monthly to secure such allowances $5, or if a private, first class; $5.14 if a corporal; $5.43 if a sergeant, and $7.28 if a regimental sergeant-major, which is the proper amounts, respectively, as determined by applying the rule of $5, or one-seventh (1-7) of his whole pay, whichever is greater. The soldier makes only the allotment of $5, or one-seventh of pay, whether has has one or more dependents in Class "B" for whom he desires to secure allowances, or whether the amount of the allowance payable to one or all such dependents exceeds the allotment thus determined. 27-Q. Where the soldier has a wife from whom he has been legally divorced, but to whom he has been ordered by a court to pay a weekly or monthly sum as "alimony" towards her support, must he make an allotment to such divorced wife and claim an allowance from the government for her, and, if so, how much? A. The soldier at no time is required to contribute by means of allotment and government allowance incident thereto an amount greater than the monthly sum which he has been ordered and decreed to pay to such divorce wife as "alimony." Moreover, if such alimony is larger than $30 monthly, he cannot in any case be required to allot more than the minimum allotment of $15, which, together with the government allowance, either the soldier or his divorced wife can claim, $15, totals $30. If the amount of alimony to be paid amounts to a sum equal to or less than one-half his total monthly pay, the soldier is compelled to make such allotment, which exactly equals the amount of alimony to be paid. If the amount of alimony is greater than one-half of the soldier's entire monthly pay and not in excess of an amount equal to one-half of his pay plus the government allowance, $15, payable to a divorced wife, the soldier will be required to allot one-half his pay and the government will add thereto such allowance not exceeding $15, which, together with the soldier's allotment, will exactly equal the amount of alimony to be paid. If the amount of alimony to be paid is greater than one-half of the soldier's pay plus the government allowance of $15, such except is not required to be paid either by the soldier