The Bayonet, 15 November 1918
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THE BAYONET ELEVEN JABBING THE NEWS TO A STANDSTILL AND CAMP LEE EDITION [illegible] Y. M. C. A. [illegible] AND CAMP. Vol. 2-NO. 4 KEEPING MEN CONTENTED UNTIL MUSTERED OUT IS BIG QUESTION New Morale Section of Camp Lee Faces Big Problem Without Hesitation ENEMY OF DISCONTENT Major B. F. Court right, Camp Exchange Officer, Named to Head New Station "No matte how distant the date of peace may be, it will will be followed by a long period of demobilization."--Letter of President Wilson to Dr. John R. Mott, General Secretary of the National War Work Council of the Y. M. C. A. The words of President Wilson on Nov. 8, as given above, are significant. The war is now over, but that does not end the duties of the War Department or of the men in this and other camps. The enlisted men must still spend long weeks and months, perhaps, before they return to their homes and take up the work that was laid down by them upon the call of Uncle Sam to his loyal sons. Now is the time for the opening of activates of the new morale section of the Army. This is an offspring of the Intelligence Department, but has many new duties to perform which have not heretofore been demanded of the Intelligence Bureau, because conditions were not such as to necessitate them. Camp Lee is just wakening up to the importance of the work that confronts it now that peace has descended upon the land. The organization of a morale section was accomplished only last week, when Major Benjamin F. Courtright, camp exchange officer and general manager of The Bayonet, was named camp morale officer, with Captain Julian B. Weir and Lieutenant Oscar C. Seikel as assistants. There must necessarily be an unconscious relaxing when the soldier realizes that he no longer can expect to get into the activities of battle. He can no longer look forward to the excitement of seeing a new and and of experiencing all the thrills that are his who feels the excitement of battle. He must anticipate with little pleasure long days in camp, perhaps here, or perhaps overseas engaged in the work of clearing up the land or of doing police duty. At any rate, he expects that it will e a long time before he goes back into the routine of civil life again. He must expect some feelings of discontent. The War Department realized all this. Erperts have the problem much thought. Investigations were conducted in many camps as to the method, that seemed to bring most pleasure into the lives of the soldiers, the methods that kept them best contented, and that best served to relieve the tedium of camp life. All tnese ideas were correlated and combined into a composite whole. When that had been done the morale section had a solid foundation to work upon and its duty of making the men satisfied was evident. As Major Courtright says: "Webster has been outlined the problem that is before us in his definition of morale, which is "That mental state which renders a man capable of endurance and of exhibiting courage in the presence of danger." That the war may be over does not change the fact that there are still dangers, which face the soldier. He trust expect to have all sorts of problems perplex and to worry him. He must expect real dangers of a moral and physical nature, just the minute that the severity of army discipline up. The morale work here has been started under excellent conditions. Major Courtright recently spent some me with Captain Frank P. Morse, of the morale section of the Intelligence Bureau, and Mr. John Stewart Bryan, of the Richmond News Leader, visiting other camps over the country in the interest of the chain of newspapers that will form the successors of the Trench and Camp chain, modified upon The Bayonet. During this running around the circle he made a study of the morale work in other camps. When Captain Morse came here to organize this camp, he was acompanied by Captain Forest, who has been very actively engaged in morale work at Camp Greenleaf, North Carolina. Both of these men spent several fays investigating Camp Lee's conditions and assisted in getting the work here underway. After they had made their report the high officers of the camp, it definitely arranged that the ober steps be taken to put the moment work of this camp into action as distinct unit, and not as an advocate of various other branches of activities may be definitely arranged and directed under the general head, thereby eliminating the loss of motion and general of time, money, and energy. After the appointment of Major Courtright and his assistants, a meeting was held Friday afternoon of the heads of the various camp activities. This included the Red Cross, Camp Library, Knights of Columbus, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., Jewish Welfare, The Bayonet, Library Theatre, Song Director Driscoll, Chaplain Nelson and other individuals. Both Captain Morse and Captain Frost discussed the question of morale as they has seen it DETENTION CAMP WORK HALTED BY PEACE NEWS There will be an immediate halt in the building operations planned for Camp Lee. The construction quartermaster has received orders that building not already begun should not be started. The principal addition affected by the order, is the contemplated detention camp, which was planned to be built in the eastern section of the camp, which is near Prince George Courthouse. This order will not affect the improvements at the Base Hospital or the Central officers' Training School. The new buildings at the training school are nearing completion. FIRST OFFICER TO GET DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL HERE Lieut. W. Ross Gahring Honored at Central Officers' Training School WAS WOUNDED 3 TIMES Remained in Cantigny Fight Nine Hours Until He Was Relieved Impressive ceremonies took place at the Central Officers Training School Monday afternoon when Lieutenant W. Ross Gahring. of the Fourth Battalion, was presented the distinguished Service Medal by General Charles E. Hedekin, commander of Camp Lee. Lieutenant Gahring was accorded the distinguished honor for bravery under fore on May 23th in the battle of Cantigny. During the battle be led his men to the position he was ordered to occupy. Under the fire of a deadly machine gun, he reached his objective position. Lieutenant Gahring was wounded three times, receiving wounds in both legs and hip. Despite his severe and painful injuries, he remained in command of his platoon for nine hours and held his position until relieved. He received the Croix de Guerre from French Government for this act of bravery, and at the request of General Pershing, received the Distinguished Service Medal from the united States. He was invalided home and for several months was a patient at the Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C. , but since September 12 he has acted as an instructor at the Officers' Training School here. The exercises were witnessed by more than 5,000 members of the training school The medal was placed upon the creast of the hero soldier by General Hedekin. The battalion, of which Lieutenant Gahring is a member, was formed in battalion formation, with the other battalions of the school present. It is said that this is the first presentation of a Distinguished Service Medal in the United States. Among the civilians present was Mrs. Gahring, wife of Lieutenant Gahring. Lieutenant Gahring is a native of Missouri, and is a graduate of the University of Missouri and of Oklahoma University. He was graduated from the First Training School at Fort Logan, Ark., and was one of the first officers commissioned in the Regular Army. He went to France with the Twentieth Infantry Regiment, in which organization he was serving when wounded. Maud Powell The World-Famed Violinist, Who Will Appear at the Liberty Theatre Monday Evening, Nov. 18, Major R. F. Cambell, Camp Adjutant, Is Now Lieut. Colonel Another Pennsylvania is promoted for Efficient Work in Army Major Robert F. Cambell, camp adjutant, was promoted to lieutenant colonel this week. Colonel Cambell is a native of Jenkintown, Pa., and for several years was a member of the National Guard of the State of Pennsylvania, serving in various capacities until 1900 when he was made a captain of infantry. For a few years prior to the war, he was out of the service, but re-enlisted as a major in the Adjutant-General's Department in 1917. At that time he was assigned to general duty as assistant department adjutant, General Headquarters, Southeastern Division, Charleston, S. C. Upon his arrival at Camp Lee, Colonel Cambell was appointed principal assistant to the Department Adjutant, and has been camp adjutant since shortly after the departure of the Eightieth Division last May. He holds at present a commission in the Adjutant-General's Department. R. S. REIF RETURNS R. S. Reid, of Franklin, Mass., formerly business secretary of the Y. M. C. A. administration, has returned to Camp Lee after a stay of several months at Camp Mills, where he was engaged in "Y" work, and was one of the original members of the force that laid the foundation for association activities in the early days of the cantonment, later acting in the capacity of building secretary at Hut 55. He has been appointed assistant to the camp general secretary, with offices at the "Y" administration building. A warm welcome was extended him by his many friends in camp on his return. MAJOR MATHEWS WEDS BASE HOSPITAL NURSE A marriage of unusual interest took place in Petersburg a few days ago, when Miss Julia Day, a nurse at the Base Hospital, became the bride of Major Charles G. Mathews, formerly of this camp, but now on duty at Camp Hancock, Ga. Only a few immediate friends of the couple were present at the ceremony, which was performed by the Rev. Dr. Charles R. Stribling of Petersburg. SEVERE SENTENCES ARE GIVEN TWO LEE SOLDIERS At a session of a General Court which convened at Camp Lee this week Private Louis J. Gergots, of Philadelphia, was given twenty-five years at hard labor for refusing to sign various papers at the mustering office. The sentence imposed upon Gergots is the most severe ever meted out to a Camp lee soldier. Gergots is a miner, and is said to be a Socialist and anarchist. He was born in this country, but is of Austrian descent. Private Oscar Friedman, Company A, Infantry Replacement Camp, was sentenced to five years at hard labor for being absent from his command without permission, and for breaking overseas quarantine. He left camp on Sept. 1 and returned on his own accord Sept. 90. Both sentences will be served at Fort Jay, N. Y. PEACE NEWS TAKEN AS MATTER OF FACT BY THE SOLDIERS HERE Little Excitement Marks Receipt of News That War is Over MEN ARE KEPT BUSY No Let Up in Work of Soldiers Noticed About Camp With the exception of loud yells during the crisp early morning hours there was no wholesale demonstration at Camp Lee over the news that the world war had ended. Camp Lee accepted the news calmly, and if anyone wished to find refuge from the noise and clamor of the peace celebration throughout the world on Monday, all that he had to do was to come to this camp, where thousands of soldiers have been preparing for months to help take part in the obsequies of William Hohenzollern, formerly of Berlin, but now of Holland. If there was any quieter metropolitan center to be found anywhere from the Atlantic to the Pacific than Camp Lee, the soldiers hereabouts would like to see it. The announcement of the news that the pact that would end the war had been signed caused very little excitement. But on the other hand it must be remembered that there is not a soldier here who is not glad with all his heart that the terrible conflict has come to such a real soldiers. Conclusion. However, soldiers as a rule, are reserved, they realize their position, and they received the new with reverent silence. The people back home may be surprise to learn of such an attitude. It is no those that the fellows will not be glad to a get back home by the old fireside and has see the home folks. They love both their homes and their home folks. They never realized how much they really loved them until they got to this camp. It was for this reason that the spirit of safeguarding those homes and those folks took possession of them after their arrival here. They stood the long hikes and strenuous training because they thought they would be able to get across and do their but in the fight. France was the goal of their ambition. The news coming from France as to how the Eightieth Division was helping to crush autocracy made them keen to get into things. The news Monday seemed to dispose finally all of their ambitions. Even though their hopes of going to France will probably never come true, Camp Lee soldiers have the conscience of knowing that they have offered to make the supreme sacrifice for this country, and when the time comes for them to go home, they will enter civilian life much better men for having once been an inhabitant of the cantonment. They will probably never have the fulfill realization that the men will have who have left here for the other soldiers but they will know that they, too, equipped themselves like men. Despite Coming of Peace Only Civilians Are Immediately Affected With the exception that no civilians will be accepted, there will be no present change in the activities of the Central Officers; Training School. Soldier candidates who arrived this week were received, and entered the school to complete the three months; course. More than 100 civilians who had been forwarded to the school from local boards in the eastern section of the United States, were returned to their homes Tuesday, without having been mustered into the service at this camp. These men were inducted into the service upon their own request, but this was done prior to the signing of the armistice. In addition to the above 100, who were returned home this week, 500 civilians were scheduled to enter the school today, but this quota has been canceled also. One thousand and three hundred men will enter the class which start today; 500 will come from colleges, which are members of the Student Army Training Corps, while the remaining 800 will be drawn from the enlisted personnel of the army. With the enrolling of the new students there will be about 8,000 students in training at the school. There will be no let up in the training of the men. Today 105 candidates will be graduated and commissioned as second lieutenants. The majority of these officers will be assigned to duty in the 155th Depot Brigade. SON OF GENERAL HEDEKIN IS VISITOR OF THE WEEK Lieutenant Thomas B. Hedekin, son of General Charles E. Hedekin, commander of Camp Lee, visited his father here this week. lieutenant Hedekin, was graduated West Point Military Academy on Nov. 1. He has not yet been assigned to duty. EIGHTIETH DIVISION SOLDIERS MEET DEATH The casualty lists this week carried the names of two former Camp Lee officers who were killed in action. They were Captain Roland Hazard MeGlaughlin William Neubauer, Company E, 314th Field Artillery, and Lieutenant William Neubauer, Company E, 318th Infantry Regiment. Both Captain McGlauglin and Lieutenant Neubauer trained here with the Eightieth Division, and went to France with that organization last May. DRAFT OF 13,000 MEN RETURNED TO [Illegible] By an order of Provost-Marshal General Crowder the draft of 13,000 men from the State of Massachusetts, who were scheduled to arrive in camp this week, was called off. It is believed that a portion of this quota had entrained prior to the issuing of the order, but returned to their homes before reaching here. Only twenty-six draftees reported here this week. They were from Pennsylvania, and were returned to their homes immediately. They were mustered in, however, and all papers with the exception of qualification cards were filled out. The men were honorably discharged from the Army, and paid for the few days they and been in the service. UNITED WAR WORK DRIVE IS LAUNCHED HERE MONDAY NIGHT General Hedekin Delivers opening Address at Meeting in Big "Y: Hut. MAJOR KING IN CHARGE Importance of Activities in Keeping Up Camp Morale is Shown. The United War Work drive was launched at Camp lee Monday night, with a big rally meeting in Y. M. C. A. Auditorium. Addresses were made by Major john L. King, General Charles E. Hedekin, camp commander, and Wyndham Meredith, of Richmond. All of the speakers recounted the deeds of bravery shown by the American soldiers who had been under fire, and described the pluck of the men still in camp, who remain ready to do all in their power for the readjustment of the world, the critical period through which the nation must now pass. The speakers made it clear that the best the people can do is hardly good enough for those gallant saviors of liberty and preservers of independence. More important still, they pointed out in convincing manner that, with the war over, the need for welfare work is greater than ever before: that stimulation and not relaxation should be the watchword until the demobilization is completed. Major King said that the welfare agencies at Camp Lee had done a noble work among the soldiers. "When you go back home," he said, "and look back upon your past life, there will be nothing over which you are so proud, as your honorable discharge from the Army, which will signify that you have been a true soldier, and offered to make the supreme sacrifice for liberty. The welfare agencies contributed no little in making you better and stronger men, thus enabling you to leave the Army the man you are." General Hedekin said that with the cessation of hostilities, recreation would in a large degree take the place of intensive training, and that we look to the welfare agencies to furnish this. "Clean recreation," the general said, "has done as much for the American soldier as any other thing on earth, and those who have made this possible have done their bit equally as well as those on the battlefield. it will be asked why should be continue the welfare work. It took over a year to transport our treetops across the waters, and it will necessarily rake considerable time to bring them back, and we will not lose interest until the last man is back." Mr. Meredith, by the vigor and force of his spontaneous eloquence, told the audience how the people at home pour out their money, in order that the soldiers would not be neglected at the time of their greatest need. The campaign at Camp Lee, is un- (Continued on Second Page.) The Man Who Feeds Camp Lee Lieutenant Charles H. Moyer, Subsistence Officer, who Issues All of the Commissary Supplies Consumed Here. Officers' Tra Has Much Work "How is Camp Lee be affected?" "What disposition is to be made of the men now here?" These questions and thousand similar ones which are to be decided on the culmination of the world war have been on the tip of the tongue if every officer and enlisted man in camp and has furnished the piece de resistance of all conversations since the signing of the Allied armistice terms by the representatives of the German people last Monday. Since the official announcement of the signing of the armistice was given out by the State Department at Washington early Monday morning, prophets heretofore unknown sprung up by thousands like mushrooms overnight. Theories of all descriptions and in all makes, shapes and forms as to the future possibilities of the Camp and its inhabitants have been advanced by both officers and enlisted men. There is a wide difference of opinion among the officers in charge of the various units and organizations in Camp as the disposition of the men in Camp and the possible future of the cantonment. With the cancellation of the draft calls on Monday. With the exception of those who had left for camps before the order was issued, another phase of the situation developed which substantiated the theories advanced by several officials. Discussing the effect of the armistice upon the Camp, Brigadier-General Charles E. Hedekin, Camp commander, asserted that Camp Lee is favorably located and it is highly probable that it will be issued as a demobilization camp. Every authority that has visited the Camp has favorably criticized it on the climatic conditions and surroundings. Another important factor in favor of making the Camp a demobilization point is its proximity to Newport News. recent months all troops that have departed from this Camp have been marched to City Point, from which place they embarked for a port of embarkation for Europe, no railroad being used in their transportation. on the return trip from Europe it is thought the entire journey will be possible by water. In event that the camp is used as a demobilization point, General Hedekin believed that the cantonment will be occupied for two years. IN his opinion a permanent camp force, small compared to the number of men that are now quartered here, will be kept on hands at all times to handle the details incident to the mustering out of the returning soldiers. However, with division after division arriving here to be mustered out of the service, the daily strength of camp through fluctuation will be nearly as large as the present daily strength. Colonel Eaton, commanding officer of the Central officers; Training School, when questioned about the effect of the signing of the armistice regarded the future of the candidates in the local school with much uncertainty, His opinion of future possibilities in as fallows: "Judging from newspaper reports actual hostilities have ceased. We must not, however, make the mistake of believing that the war is necessarily over and that the need for armed forces has ceased. "The period which shall elapse before peace is formally declared may be a long one and full over complicated situations. Obviously the United States cannot begin to demobilize its forces until the peace terms have been definitely agreed upon. The question of demobilization is necessarily a complicated and long-drawn out one, due to the fact that railroad and shipping conditions are not adequate to handle such a large number of men in a short period. Also business conditions must adjust themselves, and to throw a number of men, without employment, suddenly onto the country would hinder rather than help business conditions. The occupation of conquered territory likely must continue for a long time to come. This will necessitate in all probability a substantial increase in the regular service, because those who are now engaged overseas will begin to clamor to return to their homes and their business, and it is only fair that those who have made large sacrifices on account of patriotism should have such sacrifices recognized by those in authority. This reconstruction period abroad will afford opportunities for service of a very interesting nature and will five opportunities for many young men to serve abroad under conditions whereby they will be much broadened, educated, and developed. "The work of this training school will go on just as if no armistice was in effect. We expect to be ready to turn out officers for the forces that may be needed both for occupation of conquered territory and for such other work as will devolve upon our army in the near future. We have confronting us some problems nearer home, which problems mist be settled sooner or later. Therefore, as regards the future of candidates in this Training School, there is very much uncertainty. "Even should dit happen that every candidate will, upon completion of this (Continued on Second Page.) We have killed militarism "over there" and now we must "hold fast" until we readjust matters "over here." The Orator Walter Wilhelin Camp Lee