The Come-Back, 11 January 1919
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Distributed Free In Army Hospitals
Newport News And Hampton Edition
Published by Soldiers For Soldier-Patients at the Port of Debarkation
Newport News Virginia Saturday, January 11, 1919
Five Cents. $2.00 a Year in Advance
Vol. 1--No. 1.
Coming back to blighty in U.S.: Wounded Men Publish Newspaper
Ships Bring Thousands of Troops Here
Wounded and Sick Taken Immediately to the Port Hospitals.
LEAVE IN A FEW DAYS
Camp Stuart Hospital and No. 51 at Hampton Take Care of Them.
The little slate in Col. Charles Lynch's office-that is the office the port surgeon-affirmed that between December 31 and January 5, 5,574 patients would arrive on board transports. Immediately arrangements to receive this colony of heroes were made at the debarkation hospitals, and on December 31, 821 soldiers, who had been guests at Camp Stuart Debarkation Hospital for several days, left on three special hospital trains for many points North, South and West. The number of patients and the army hospitals to which they were assigned from Camp Stuart follow: Camp Sheridan, Ala., 18; Azalia, N.C., 11: Camp Wadsworth, S.C., 11; Fort McPherson, Ga., 57; Camp Sherman, Ohio, 141; Fort Snelling, Minn., 38; Camp Grant, Ill., 35,; Camp Bowie, Tex., 32; Letterman Hospital, San Francisco, Cal., 35Denver, Col., 3; Fo [missing text] ard [missing text] 1; Camp Devens, M [missing text] sville, N.Y., 3; New I [missing text] ., 3; For McHenry, Md., 62; Camp [missing text] x, N.J., 43; Lakewood, N.J., 30; Walter Reed Hospital, Washington D.C., 52; Camp Meade, Md., 20; Plattsburg, N.Y., 132, and to Pittsburgh, Pa., 55.
A Tremendous Job. That's quite a bunch of passengers [illegible] three trains, and considering that many of them need medical and surgical attention on the way, besides food and drink, it makes the despatch of such a train a tremendous task, and the whole job must be handled from this end. The big job at Embarkation Hospital Headquarters is to decide on the minute as to the disposition of many hundreds of sick and wounded soldiers as they arrive in port on the transports from overseas. As they disembark the majority are usually sent to the Camp Stuart Embarkation Hospital or to Debarkation Hospital 51, at Hampton. Immediately upon their arrival, the soldier-patients are classified as rapidly as possible and within a few days or a week at the longest are put aboard hospital trains for an army hospital somewhere in the United States that is usually within a traveling distance of a few hours from the "hum town." It so happened that only one transport, the Zeelandia, arrived in port at Newport News during the week ending December 28, but this one ship brought 875 wounded soldiers. That bunch meant a lot of work for the officers and men down at headquarters and for the officers, nurses, corpsmen and everybody else at the debarkation hospitals.
New Port of Debarkation When troops were shipped from Newport News to France it was termed a "Port of Embarkation" and its hospitals were officially named "Embarkation Hospitals." Now, however, the whole works is reversed, and what was once a "Port of Embarkation" is now a "Port of Debarkation" and "Embarkation Hospitals" are now performing the functions of "Debarkation Hospitals" and will be referred to as such hereafter, quite unofficially, of course. On December 28 it looked as though there was a big week ahead for everybody at the port of debarkation. The day before a similar performance was enacted at Debarkation Hospital 51 at Hampton, when 499 patients were put aboard two hospital trains with destinations as follows: Fort Sill, Okla., 19; Camp Sherman, Ohio, 26; Walter Reed Hospital, Washington D.C., 7; Fort McPherson, Ga., 82; Fort Des Moines, Iowa, 71; Boston, Mass., 18; New Haven, Conn., 2; Camp Meade, Md., 54; Camp Custer, Mich., 75; Camp Dix, N.J., 57; Lakewood, N.J., 15; Camp Devens, Mass., 25; Letterman Hospital, San Francisco, Cal., 22; and to Cape May, N.J.,26. With a total of 1,320 patients shipped to other hospitals for further treatment and eventual discharge, headquarters and the debarkation hospitals were then ready to make actual preparations to receive the young army that was due to arrive via the trans-Atlantic ferries. And by the time the hospital trains were dispatched the whistle of the first transport could be heard as it came up the channel.
Slate Tells When Due. The little slate in the colonel's office said: Aeolus, due December 31, with 2,929 patients; Rijndam, due January 1, with 1,069 patients; Princess Matoika, due January 2, with 736 patients; Antigone, due January 4, with 882 patients. What's more, the Kentucky, Georgia and Koenigen der Nederlanden, were due on January 5, the wireless informed headquarters last week, and it was not known how many sick and wounded soldiers, if any, were aboard. But it was common-sense to suppose that there were some, and preparations for their reception were made accordingly. At Camp Stuart Debarkation Hospital, Col. W. S. Terriberry, the commander, took stock on he number of beds vacant in his hotel des invalides, CONTINUED ON PAGE FOUR.
CAN BE LEADERS JUST AS EASILY AS UNDERLINGS Reconstruction Ideal Not to Get Just "a" Job, But Best Job. OPPORTUNITIES WAIT Men Who Learned to Obey Can Easily Learn to Rule. By James H. Collins.
A little while before the armistice was signed, while doing war work in Washington, I heard of an expert who had made a chart of what are called "reconstruction problems." They say it was eighteen feet long. It has more that 400 subjects all nicely grouped and tabulated, and everyone of them was a prob-ee-lum. That was the way this expert's mind functioned--give him any human interest under the sun and he put question marks all around it and turned it into a puzzle. My final war job on the Shipping Board had to do with the merchant marine. So it was interesting to hear that this expert, with his eighteen-foot chart and 400 ways to reconstruct the country, had forgotten the American merchant marine! I suppose that several feet of his chart, at least, must have been taken up with the "problems" of the wounded and crippled soldier. Most of the experts begin at this end. It is probably all right to put large black question marks around such subjects as healing a soldier's wounds, making good the loss of limbs, re-training damaged muscles and nerves, and keeping up the human spirit during the process. But after that, when the soldier is ready to take a job in civil life, it seems to me that the problem viewpoint ought to be dropped.
Only One Real Problem. During fifteen-odd years I have been going about the world of work, writing about industrial organizations of almost every kind, and in various countries. I have studied factories, mercantile establishments, banks, transportation, mining, farming, world trade. I have seen them make automobiles in Detroit, cigars in Havana, five-pound notes in the Bank of England, ladies' bonnets in Paris, torpedoes in Berlin. I have seen almost every crop grow except rubber, tea and spices-red apples in Oregon, raisins in California, corn and hogs in Iowa, cigar wrappers in Connecticut, grapefruit and alligator pears in Florida, coffee and cocoanuts and bananas in Porto Rico.
And everywhere you find the same problem-and only one. That is, the problem of supervising others, planning their work, thinking for them, infusing them if your spirit. There is only the problem of leadership in the world of work, and no matter how many arms or legs or fingers one has, he is always equipped for leadership so long as he possesses a head and a heart. With your head you simply try to understand the why and wherefore of doing things, and look beyond today (which nine workers out of ten live in like a water-tight compartment), and see where work is going to land you next week, and next months, and next year. With your heart you simply try to understand the people you have to work with, and feel with them, and for them. Once get the drift of leadership, and it is not a problem-but a pit! Thousands of men-yes, and women too- are catching on to it every year, learning to lead, first, an industrial squad, and then a company, and eventually a regiment, a corps, a division. The generals of the industrial world all started with their squads. They learned that it was possible to multiply themselves through leadership, and moreover, that most human beings are disposed to follow a leader, and will hang back until one comes along, with the plan, and the initiative, and the spirit.
Doing "Double Duty." Much praiseworthy work is being done today along the lines of re-education of wounded soldiers and the teaching of manual trades. The wounded soldier is really making a double contribution to humanity - first, that of fighting for human ideals, and second, directing attention to the subject of industrial wounded, which we have always had with us, but have never tackled in the right spirit or the right way. I should not want to say anything which might seem like depreciation of this work. Yet those facing the "come back" task owe it to themselves to look beyond manual trades and begin right now taking stock of their abilities for leadership. Army training in itself is the finest possible preparation for leadership. It teaches discipline of one's self and others, and the habit of work, and the value of definite working plans, and health, and vigorous living. On such a basis one can easily build qualities of leadership - probably he posses them already. Leadership is based partly on technical knowledge and experience. But I believe that the ability to get along with people counts more than anything else - to be friendly, to be interested in other people, to really like people for themselves, to be reaching out for people no matter where one CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO. [Cartoon] LOOT. Health Self Confidence New Ideas What did I get out of the War? --- Oh, Boy! Gordon Grant Capt. USA. COL. RICHARDSON NOW COMMANDS AT HOSPITAL 51 Comes from Camp Greenleaf to Succeed Maj. Galbreath. The new year was marked by a change in commanding officers at Debarkation Hospital 51, Lieut. Col. W. H. Richardson succeeding Maj. W. R. Galbreath, who had been in command since the hospital was opened in early November, 1918. For the present there will be no marked changes in the conduct of the hospital, Col. Richarson said. Several new officers have arrived for duty but few assignments have been made at the first of the week.Officers and men who cavil against the fate that kept them on duty this side may heed the example of regular army officers who have been in the service for years and still have won no foreign service bars - their assignments always having been of a domestic nature. To this class belongs the new commanding officer. "No, I have had no foreign service - note the absence of decorations," he said with a smile. Col. Richardson came here from the medical officers' training camp at Camp Greenleaf, Chickamauga Park, Ga., where he was acting chief of staff. This place he had held since May, 1918. Previous to that time he served a year as adjutant of the medical officers' training camp at Fort Riley, Kansas, reporting to that assignment upon the organization of that camp. Thus he has, in an official way, come in contact with a large number of the medical officers who served with the A. E. F. as well as those who were in domestic service. The colonel was commissioned in 1907. The two years preceding this he spent as contract surgeon. From 1907 to 1910 he was on duty in the Philippines. The following four years he spent on duty at San Francisco and went to the border in 1914 as surgeon of the Sixteenth Infantry under Gen. Pershing. In January, 1915, he was made adjutant at Fort Bayard, N. M., and served there for two and one-half years. He was graduated from the medical school of Western Reserve University, Cleveland, O., in 1901. Known for his insistence on the observance of the military spirit, the new commanding officer is known equally well for his willingness to hear the troubles of those in his command and to help them. His policy might be summed up, say those who have been associated with him, in two words, "Be military." Col. Richardson's wife and children have arrived and are in residence at Debarkation Hospital 51. All Overseas Men Like Shows in Newport News\ Local theaters were booked with extraordinary shows during the holidays and it is needless to say that "overseas" men took advantage of the offerings, as the theaters were filled to their capacity and many hundreds turned away. The local movies had line-ups in front of their box offices that continued for a distance of 100 feet or more. It would lead one to think that the bugle had blown for "chow." Welcome from Col. Lynch "I regard the issuing of a special hospital paper at this port as a very excellent thing. While the 'Come-Back' is not designed to compete with ordinary daily papers in gathering the latest general news, it is intended to supply the news of greatest interest to our sick and wounded soldiers and Hospital Corps men. Each of our hospitals here ought to know what the others are doing for their patients, and in a social way, and what other army hospitals are doing in various parts of the country. All of them are interested, too, in what the government is doing for the men who have suffered greater or less disability in the line of duty. "The 'Come-Back' has the best wishes of this office in its important mission". CHARLES M. LYNCH, Colonel, M. C. Surgeon, Port of Embarkation, Newport News, Va. DANCE AT RED CIRCLE FOR WOUNDED, JAN. 11 Look for the W. C. C. S. Clubs in City, Hampton and Phoebus. A dance arranged especially for the wounded men will take place at Red Circle Club, 221 Thirty-fourth street, Newport News, on January 11. The club is open at all hours, and men in the service will find there a cafeteria and canteen, showers, pool tables and also an opportunity to play checkers, chess and krokinole. Stationery is furnished and there is an excellent library. Tea is served around the hearth-fire every day at 4 p.m. On Monday and Thursday evenings there is entertainment, a dance for soldiers on Friday night, and a special musical program on Sunday evening. A moving-picture machine is being installed, and movies will be shown on Wednesday nights and Sunday afternoons. The War Camp Community Service in Hampton, Phoebus and Newport News is doing all in its power to provide comfort and a bit of cheer for the wounded soldiers who are able to be out. The Phoebus canteen, located on Mellen street, a short distance from Debarkation Hospital 51, has an excellent cafeteria and an attractive rest-room, where stationery is furnished The building is now being remodeled and enlarged into a clubhouse, with all the facilities for the comfort and entertainment of the men. The Hampton Hospitality House, on King street, is a clubhouse for men in uniform and their guests. There is free stationery, cafeteria, dance hall, pool tables and bowling alleys now in the process of remodeling. There are sleeping quarters for men and a charming little dormitory for women. There is dancing every evening. Mrs. M. W. Gammon is in charge. ALL ACCOUNTED FOR! This Bird Knew Where He Wanted to Serve. Here's a choice bit of dialogue overheard recently between a couple of soldiers chewing the fat in the Red Cross building: First Patient - How long have you been in the hospital? Second Patient - Eighteen months. First Patient - How long have you been in the army? Second Patient - Two years. First Patient - What did you do during the first six months of your service? Second Patient - I was looking for the hospital. WANT BOYS TO LEAVE ARMY IN GOOD SHAPE Issue Order Telling Why Many Are Not Discharged at Once. Because of the fact that many different cases have arisen which have caused some difficulty in the interpretation of the War Department bulletin, which stated that enlisted men unfit for military service could not be discharged immediately, an explanatory circular, No. 188, dated December 21, has been issued. This states that the intention of the War Department is to have all enlisted men leave the service in either as good or better condition than they entered. But when soldiers are in such condition that their cases cannot or will not be benefited by continuous sojourns in hospitals, convalescent centers or development battalions, they are to be promptly discharged. Before such discharge is effected, the surgeon must determine whether or not the maximum restoration under military care has been effected. There are, of course, the circular goes on to state, many cases where men have facilities at hand whereby they may continue under special care after they are discharged. These men are to be discharged at once, although it is specifically state that mention must be made of the fact they requested discharge on this account, and the government is thereby relieved of any or all responsibility in connection with them. Want to Go Back to Farm and Run Own Automobile That many of the returned A. E. F. men are expecting to take up farming as a vocation is shown by the numerous calls for books on agriculture, Miss Harriet Leitch, librarian at Debarkation Hospital 51, receives each day. While many of these are from men who came from the farm, many likewise are from men who left other occupations when they entered the service. The desire among the men to return to their various occupations better fitted than they were when they left is indicated by the calls for books on business subjects and mechanical trades. From the study of the automobile that is going on, manufacturers may look forward confidently to a good business from the returned soldiers. Not that fiction is neglected! Perhaps half of the special requests made by the patients for fiction is for books they started to read while on the transports returning from overseas. SOME JOB NOW! WE'LL SAY SO HERE AT STUART Another Transport! Another Train! Come and Go All the Time. When Camp Stuart Embarkation Hospital handles 3,100 patients in one day, going out and coming in, it seems like "some job." And when on-third of them are going out and two-thirds are coming in the job is like running two trains in opposite directions on single tracks. But that miracle job is precisely what the Embarkation Hospital tackles and puts across. When our boys in the wards realize what we are up against their incipient complaints are stilled like a baby's when the nursing-bottle heaves in sight. That is to say, the average man is easily convinced by facts and reason. "Nobody knows the trouble I'se had," sings the old negro "spiritual;" and the hospital personnel could join in that chorus with perfect harmony, only they don't. Some of our ambulance drivers have not slept for forty-eight hours. Some of the officer orderlies have had a job similar to the stokers in the boiler rooms of a battleship. Below the surface of hospital life without the stimulus of contast [contact] with the incoming stream, they have delved in papers, figures, classifications, receipts, and orders without rest for two days at a time. But there is another phase of the job. Not only do we have to run them two ways on a single track, but we have to change the figures, we have to overlap. It is not hard at all to take in a bunch of overseas patients, care for them, write them up, classify them and transfer them to other hospitals when we have no other task expect the ordinary run of domestic patients. But when a transport comes in on Tuesday and another on Thursday, and then the Tuesday men are to be sent out on Saturday, and before the Thursday men are ready to go out a third transport docks and unloads then we have overlapping that strains the hospital to nearly the limit. But it is done, somehow, and without complain or entanglement. Great is the stretching power of human resources. A third mighty job is simultaneous paying and receiving. Recently on one day, in addition to the ordinary business of the Embarkation Hospital, 1,806 men were paid, scattered through more than half the wards of the hospital, by six teams of pay officers and attendants, accompanied by as many Red Cross officers receiving back loans from more than half of the 1,806. On that same day 859 patients were received from a docked transport, passed through the receiving ward, billeted to wards and beds, while two Red Cross officers and three assistants offered loans to those who needed a $5 bill to use for several days until their pay should be received. Then the Red Cross men worked till midnight and perform other of the numberless services that fresh arriving men need. "Some job? We say so." Avoiding Lost Motion. Mistress: I want a maid who will be faithful and not a time-waster. Can you promise that? Bridget: Indeed'n I can. I'm that scrup'lous, ma'am, about wastin' time that I make on job of prayin' and scrubbin'. - Life. COMMANDERS HEARTILY GREET THE COME-BACK Colonels Terriberry and Richardson Make Statement. READ IT, IS ADVICE Has Interest of the Patients at Heart Says One K. O. The inception of a real newspaper published by soldiers for the sick and wounded soldier-patients and the enlisted personnel of the army hospitals at the port of debarkation has met with enthusiastic official approval. The publication of the Newport News and Hampton Edition of The Come-Back is authorized by the Surgeon General of the army. Merritte W. Ireland, and the plan that bear fruition today has been graciously received by officers at the port of debarkation. The welcome extended by Col. Charles Lynch, port surgeon, appears in another column, but there follows statements by Col. W. S. Terriberry, commanding Camp Stuart Debarkation Hospital and Lieut. Col. W. H. Richardson, the new commandant at Debarkation Hospital 51 at Hampton Va. Both are of keen interest and are addressed mutually to the patients and to The Come-Back, their newspaper. "It is our endeavor at this hospital to make the usually brief period of time spent here by the patients from overseas as pleasant as possible. "Through arrangements made with the Red Cross, men arriving in port utterly lacking any financial resources whatever are loaned an amount sufficient to assure them of a certain degree of financial independence and to permit necessarily slight personal expenditures. "The classification of all patients is usually effected within twenty-four hours after their arrival and they are assigned almost immediately to a reconstruction hospital for treatment and eventual discharge. "Following classification the pay status of the patient is inquired into and in cases where the service record does not accompany the patient, or where the necessary indorsements [endorsements] regarding payment are not entered, the back pay due the soldier upon his own affidavit is paid before he leaves the hospital. "Before his transfer to another hospital which usually occurs within a week after he is admitted here, the soldier-patient is equipped with any articles of clothing that may be necessary for his comfort or good appearance. In short, it is our aim to make every man as comfortable and contented as possible upon his return to the United States, and many other opportunities for his recreation and amusement are afforded. "At this hospital there are two unusually large Red Cross convalescent houses, where all patients may read, write and rest. There is usually a band concert both morning and afternoon, vaudeville or other entertainment provided. Furthermore, the patients' mess, we believe, is plenteous in quantity and of high quality. "Simply because of the arrival of men in such large numbers, and for no other reason, it is necessary for them to remain in their wards or on the ground until classified and necessary adjustments made as to pay accounts, clinical records, etc. It is to their own advantage as well as to that of their comrades. When these matters are disposed of the men, if physically able, are given the liberty of the camp and permitted to go into the city. "W. S. TERRIBERRY, "Colonel M. C., commanding, Camp Stuart Debarkation Hospital." Statement by Col. Richardson. As commanding officer of Debarkation Hospital 51, I wish to extend a welcome to all patients at the hospital and to assure them that every effort will be used to make their stay, which will of necessity be short, as enjoyable as possible. I appreciate that you all want to get home and our endeavor will be to hasten that result. As to the officers and enlisted personnel of the hospital, I ask that you aid me in taking such care of the patients passing through this hospital that when they have returned to civil life they will look back with pleasure on the stay they made at Debarkation Hospital 51. W. H. RICHARDSON, Lieut. Col. M. C. Commanding, Debarkation Hospital 51. Officers' Club at 51 in Theater Building Officers on duty at Debarkation Hospital No. 51, soon after the place was taken over by the War Department, arranged in part for their entertainment, and an Officers' Club was organized. Except for a few of the officers who live in nearby towns, the membership consists of practically all on duty here. The club uses two rooms in the theate [theater] building, where billiard tables have been installed and a reading room, with books and magazines, has been fitted up. A small canteen supplies the officers with tobacco, candies and soft drinks SOLDIERS READ THE COME-BACK UPON ARRIVAL This Is First Issue of Hampton and Newport News Edition. IS FREE TO SOLDIERS Distributed at Camp Stuart Hospital and Debarkation Hospital 51. "Let freedom reign!" the eagle screamed, as the publication arrived for the first Newport News and Hampton edition of The Come-Back, formerly monopolized by the boys at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C., but now spreading the glad tidings of "our come-back" from France in every Atlantic port and army hospital. You may have seen a poster in your ward declaring that The Come-Back would be "one sale soon," but that's all off. That's why the eagle hollered, "Let freedom reign." Somebody did a powerful lot of talking and now you get your paper for nothing. No Advertising. Just notice: It doesn't carry any advertising either. Just pure, wholesome reading matter like mother used to make. That's the real dope about these soldiers' papers. They are full of "pep" and have got the goods. Civilians flatter us by reading 'em even more than we do ourselves. They will pay their jit for a copy of The Come-Back in Newport News, Hampton, Pheobus or the [illegible] Chamberlain any day. That's the only chance they get, but bright and early every Saturday you'll find your copy at the foot of your bed before you wake up. System, system, that's the way 'tis done. It's more than likely that the boys at Camp Hill, Camp Morrison and elsewhere will soon be reading The Come-Back, too! But somebody will have to do some more talking first and as this edition is especially devoted to Camp Stuart Debarkation Hospital and Debarkation Hospital 51, at Hampton, Va., we want to know how you like it first and whether you think this paper isn't all to the merry. And there's quite a little "info" tucked into one of the pages in this newspaper, too. There are particulars about holding your war-risk insurance; opportunities for learning new jobs that pay better, in the reconstruction hospitals; how the United States Employment Service will get you a job in civilian life; the farms for soldiers proposition: what the program is at the reconstruction hospitals; a steer around Newport News and a little handy information about the hospital where you are at now. You'll notice that some "big boys" are drawing the cartoons. That's one of the things that help to make The Come-Back at regular paper. There are always sketches drawn by the "bucks" that are just as good. Nearly all the pomes [poems] and stories are written by men in the hospital working like hell to get well so that they can get their grabs on a discharge. The Come-Back Helps. The Come-Back is one of the things that help them. It's all right to say: "I don't want to get well, I'm in love with a beautiful -" you know the rest - but there isn't a mother's son of us that really believes that old stuff, and if The Come-Back helps us to get well by giving us something to think about while we are lying on our backs or being fitted with a wooden leg, why that's the thing we are going to take hold of. It's a copy of Life, Vanity Fair and a good city newspaper all rolled into one and it's as big as most of them. When President Mr. Woodrow Wilson went to France the boys at Walter Reed setn him a wireless message wishing him Godspeed and said they hoped that he'd put across his "fourteen points." The President sent a reply addressed to The Come-Back, and the next day every man got a letter from President Wilson with his paper. The biggest men in the country have had something to say to the boys in The Come-Back. Just look through this issue and count the names of the big men in the United States that are familiar to you, and who have something good to tell you about now. That's a big thing in favor of The Come-Back. Its circulation is among the MEN and their folks back home. The men with the most important jobs in this country today know that it is worth while keeping in touch with you and your folks. Consequently they come across with good dope, whereas, outside of telegraph news, the local newspapers in our cities and town are left high and dry. There's some more to be said about The Come-Bank. It's the first paper in history that longs for quick death. Its task is done when all of you have been cured in army hospitals and have said good-bye to this man's army. The quicker that occurs, why of course, the happier you and everybody else will be. Just then The Come-Back will know that its job is done and the men on its staff will shake hands with each other and go back to civilian life themselves. The commanding officers at Camp Stuart Embarkation Hospital and at Debarkation Hospital 51 and the port surgeon have put the stamp of their approval on The Come-Back. Up at Washington the surgeon general and other big army officers have declared that is a good thing.