Article, "A German Plan to Invade the United States"
A GERMAN PLAN TO INVADE THE UNITED STATES
America to yield, partly because her commercial ports are so well fortified that we could not capture them without heavy losses, and partly because it would be impossible for our naval forces to blockade them all simultaneously.
We have to reckon on the possibility that the American fleet would not at first risk a battle, but would conceal itself in fortified ports and wait there for some favorable opportunity to snatch a partial success.
It is evident, therefore, that naval operations alone would not suffice to bring about the result which we desire. What is needed is combined action by the sea and land. Owing to the vast area of the United States it would be out of the question for an army to invade the interior with a view to the conquest of the country. But there is good reason to expect that military operations on the Atlantic coast would prove to be victorious enterprise. Moreover, the cutting off of the main arteries through which exports from the entire country pass would create such a depressed state of affairs that the Government would be willing to offer us fair conditions of peace .
If a German squadron were accompanied by a fleet of transports it may be presumed that once a landing had begun it would only take four weeks for a German army to begin their campaign on American soil. Within such a short period of time there is no doubt that the United States would unable to place in the field forces as large as our invading army.
At the present time (1901) the regular American Army numbers 65,000 men, of whom not more than 30,000 would be actually available for home defence. Again, of these troops at least 10,000 would be required to defend the Indian territories and garrison the forts on the coast. So there would remain but 20,000 regular troops to take the field against the invaders.
In addition to the regular forces, there about 100,000 militia, but the greater part of them declined to obey the call of arms in the last war. Further, this militia is badly armed. A proportion of them still carry muzzle-loaders, and as for drilling, that is even worse than their lack of proper equipment.