Article, "A German Plan to Invade the United States"
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A GERMAN PLAN TO INVADE THE UNITED STATES
Even if the possibility of a surprise invasion is excluded from consideration owing to the length of time which the transport of an invading army would take, stress must be laid on various sources of American unpreparedness. One is absence of regular preparation in peace time for mobilization; another is the inexperience of the American General Staff; a third is the weakness of the Regular Army. These factors in the situation would necessarily accelerate German victory.
The invading army would have to be of considerable size, as it would be necessary to provide for the lengthy occupation of the large area of American territory, to defend our lines of communication, and to engage in a successful offensive against all the forces which the Americans could bring up against us. Moreover, such operations might be of protracted nature.
Such a campaign would be the more difficult to conduct owing to the long double journey which our fleet of transports would have to make in order to convey to America the requisite number of troops from so far away a base as Germany.
Occupying the Ports
Indeed it is questionable whether it would be wise to occupy for any prolonged period any large portion of American territory. The mere fact of one or two of their States being invaded would not induce the Americans to ask for peace. They would, however, find themselves obliged to do so owing to the enormous material loss which would be inflicted upon the entire country by our capturing several of the large Atlantic seaport towns at which converge the threads of the whole wealth of the nation.
In these circumstances, or plan would be to effect a series of landings of troops in close cooperation with our Navy. We should, within a short space of time, be in position to seize several wealthy cities. Such towns would suffer heavily through the cutting off their sources of supply, by the destruction of all buildings used for service of the State, or for the purposes of defence or commerce. We should capture all war and transport found in them, and they would, in addition,