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were wealthier. Mr. Bruce stood apart from these men, however, in that he was the first agricultural millionaire in our history. Yet so clearly did Mr. Bruce belong in the same class with Messrs. Astor and Girard that John Randolph once remarked he would not take the bond of either Mr. Bruce or Mr. Girard for eighteen cents!

This typically Randolph statement notwithstanding, James Bruce and John Randolph were close friends, and there is no reason to think that their friendship was in the least diminished by the defeat of the former by the latter in the election for a seat in the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-30, in which Mr. Randolph was such a masterful spirit.

Death came to James Bruce in Philadelphis, a where he had gone for medical treatment, and as it was impractical to transport bodies such great distances in those days, he was buried in the yard of old St. Andrew's Episcopal Church. (Nearly one hundred years later his great-grandson, Malcolm Bruce, had his remains brought back to Halifax County and interred at Berry Hill.)

The widowed Elvira Cabell Henry Bruce soon left Woodbourne and moved her family to Richmond, where she built a house on fashionable East Clay Street. A hostess noted for her charming and generous hospitality, she gave liberally to charity, both public and private, and was one of the largest contributors to the fund raised for the erection of St. Paul's Church, "the court church of the Confederacy." Not only did Mrs. Bruce attend St. Paul's until her death - she occupied