CAMP LEE, VA, Friday, THE BAYONET November 15, 1918 THE NEW ENEMY MORALE MORALE MORALE LOW MORALE IN ARMY CAMPS DISCONTENT MORALE MORALE MORALE POK-K- HIGH MORALE IN ARMY CAMPS PUT-T-T PUT-T-T PUTT PUTT PUTT Walt Wilhelm Camp Lee BATTALION OF ALL FOREIGN SOLDERS RANKS AMONG BEST 7dec18 Remarkable Work Done by Capt. Bresnahan in Fourth Development Battalion The most marvelous results of training ever seen at Camp Lee are evidenced in the Fourth Development battalion, where Captain martin J. Bresnahan, in a few weeks' training, has whipped 200 foreign-speaking soldiers into one of the smartest organizations in camp. Not less than two-third of them are unable to speak English at all, yet many officers agree with Captain Bresnahan in claiming for these soldiers the honor of being the best drilled in camp. Captain Bresnahan put a platoon of these soldiers through their paces this week to show The Bayonet editor that they are wonderful soldiers. This platoon of fifty men included well-nigh everything but Americans. Nineteen nationalities were included--Icelanders, Germans, Austrians, Bulgarians, Turks, Hungarians, Russians, Lithuanians, Russian Poles, Slavs, Austrian Poles, Irish, Spanish, Mexicans, Danes, Swedes, Norwegians, French and Belgians. These soldiers were put through a close formation drill that would tax the ability of a platoon of West Pointers. Turning his back on his men so that no signal could be given, and only using blasts of a whistle to indicate the change from one movement to the other, Captain Bresnahan put this company through a complete drill of seventy-five movements. Not a word was spoken and the men snapped through this silent drill in a manner that reminded you of Georgia Tech's drill system, if you are a football fan. The think is so remarkable that perhaps only old military men will fully realize its significance, but it is safe to say that perhaps not another company in camp can equal this record. Captain Bresnahan then called his men around him and, as he has taught them to speak some simple English, he spoke briefly to them and led them in giving the battalion cheer, which follows: Hep, hep, hep, We keep step, Fourth battalion, Fourth battalion, Lots of pep. The eyes of the men shone with eagerness as they gave this yell with all the enthusiasm that marks any cheering gang at a big college game. While the men could not perhaps understand its full interpretation in English, it was all quite familiar to them in spirit. It was the most marvelous demonstration of this new morale work that could be found anywhere. After the talk to the platoon, the men, who had stacked arms, were ordered to run back to their pieces, a distance of twenty-six yards, around the stacks, take their pieces and assemble. They made the movement and were in perfect line in just twenty-five seconds. Captai Breshnahan has the following officers associated with him in the work: Captain Oliver W. Lynam, commander of Company C (Italians); Captain Louis Rousch, commander of Company B; Lieutenant James P. Beckham, commander of Company A; Lieutenant Joe W. Lee, adjutant; Lieutenant Edwin F. Adams, supply officer; Lieutenant Ira C. Beam, personnel adjutant; Lieutenant John H. Bartolet, Lieutenant Patrick L. Corbett and Lieutenant Robert C. Straka. The demonstration made by Captain Bresnaham with one platoon might have been made with any other platoon in the battalion. Every man in it is a worshiper of Captain Bresnaham and the manner in which he handles these men is truly astounding. Such morale as these men show at present would be an admirable example for every company in camp to follow. The new morale section will secure many fine ideas in looking over the system worked out here so successfully. There are now a few over two hundred men in this battalion, but they are unlike the other development battalions in that they are all physically qualified for service overseas, but have the drawback of being unable to read or write the English language. More than a score of nationalities are represented, the Italians being most numerous and forming one company. Upon receiving these men they are first taught some simple English by words and movements. Orders are given with an illustration of its proper execution, as the Roberts system provides. Foreign speaking non-commissioned officers are in charge of them, but it is the splendid leadership of Captain Brenaham that is the keynote of it all. He is a real leader of men, and his personality is injected into every bit of the work. Since Captain Bresnahan has started his work he has turned out 2.500 soldiers, foreign-born and foreign-speaking, who are fitted by training to become efficient American soldiers. Most of these men reached his command in very unsatisfactory condition. Their morale was very low. They did not understand the aims of the government. Perhaps relatives did not receive allotments, owing to incorrect addresses. Most of them said they had no desire to become American citizens when approached on this subject. Now they clamor around Captain Bresnahan to be included in the next class to receive their citizenship papers. They were rather surly as a rule. They know little about their rights or privileges. Indeed, a few of them had reason to feel badly, as they had received no pay for as much as five months, for reasons that were perhaps unavoidable, but which Captain Bresnahan quickly removed. The foreign-speaking soldier remembered that he had much work as a kitchen policeman or on the woodpile.He felt that discrimination was the rule, no the exception. Dissatisfaction must first be removed and the segregation of these foreign-born men was the logical step. He has faced with much unpleasantness, perhaps with stoicism, and the change of attitude towards him brought a rapid change. Heightened morale and greatly increased efficiency was immediately evident. The men from overseas felt that they were no longer out of place, but were no longer out of place, but were a real part part of the American army. That, in short, tells why these foreign-born soldiers have improved so rapidly that they can be classes as among the best soldiers of the Untied States, barring none. CAMP LEE "Y" MEN SUBSCRIBE TO FUND Heading the list of contributors at Camp Lee to the fund being raised by the seven organizations engaged in welfare work with the army, the Y.M.C.A. secretaries here promptly responded to the call, and on Saturday, Nov. 9, sent the following telegram to the national headquarters at New York: "Practically every 'Y' secretary at Camp lee, although already making considerable sacrifice, has subscribed to the limot of his ability to the United War Work Campaign for the boys 'over there,'" The campaign for subscriptions by the "Y" men was conducted by William M. Adrich, camp educational secretary. Immediately upon the announcement that he would receive their offerings, the huts began to respond, fifty-give being the first to show up with a 100 per cent. It then became a race for the others to get in with an equally good showing. The entire subscription was made up before the beginning of the drive which opened Nov. 11. Camp Lee "Y" men were also liberal buyers of the Fourth Liberty Loan, approximately $10,000 being taken by the secretaries here. SAVING OF ALL FOODS CALLED FOR IN PROGRAM During the past year in spite of weather and submarine we put the food across, says the food Administration. There were great emergencies to be met and we met them. For 1918-19 we have a clear-cut, business-like program that calls for steady marching and hard campaigning. We have pooled food resources with the allies and planned to distribute the food to meet the needs of the hour. That means to keep in full health and strength the allies, the armies, and our people at home; and at the same time to build up safe food reserved in this country. We know now how much food there is where it is needed, and just how much can be shipped. The program agreed to calls for 67 per cent. more meat and fat, 52 per cent. more breadstuff and 21 per cent. more sugar than was shipped last year. This is a stiff program and it means a steady saving along all lines and no let up. There will be no sudden dashes and deeds of valor, only the hard drive of disciplined troops. The army of women, trained by a year of food saving in the United States must forge ahead relentlessly, and sweep all laggards with them. Theatrical. Liberty Theater 27th St. oppost K. of C. Hall. This Week. Thursday-Sunday. "The Love Mill," Next Week. Monday. Maud Powell, violinist. Wednesday. "Hearts of the World," the film of the year. "The Love Mill." Andreas Dippel, grand opera impresario and former co-director of the Metropolitan, New York, and general manager of the Chicago and Philadelphia Grand Opera Companies, producer of "Gypsy Love," "Spring Maid" and "The Lilac Domino," will have his latest musical comedy, "The Love Mill," presented here at the Liberty Theater Thursday to Sunday. "The Love Mill" is the latest work of Earl Carroll, who wrote "So Long Letty" and "Canary Cottage" and has set all the large cities agog over its wonderfully sweet music, its great dancing exhibition and costume display and the general breeziness, brightness and wholesomeness of the piece. A fortune has been expended on the scenic and electrical effects, and art critics as well as the general public are commenting on the wonderful beauties depicted, especially in the first and last acts. Twenty brilliant song hints give ample opportunity for the display of talent in the exceptional east which is headed by Chalotte Leslay, the young international prima donna, whose remarkable voice registers above high C. FOUND! A bunch of keys. Owner may receive same upon application, THE BIG HUT. LOST. Small brown dog, white markings on left side. Answers to name of Jimmie. Reward for return to Lt. CALLANAN, Adjutant 10th Battalion, Depot. Brigade. MAUD POWELL'S CAMP PROGRAMS. From an Official Interview with the Artist. Speaking of her camp programs to a government interviewer, Maud Powell said: Variety is absolutely essential. Therefore, I begin my programs with something big and majestic and straightforward that comes right out and hits the listener 'between the eyes,' as it were. A piece that expresses a quiet, [rather?] sentimental mood may come after this, and then something very sprightly and gay. They should not be long and named intelligently to stir the imagination of the listener. A little 'story' background heightens the interest of the men. "To my mind, a well elected program parallels the ideas expressed in the scientific work, 'Materia [Mea?].' In this a well-balanced physical [life?] is shown to contain four properly portioned elements--tonic, stimulant, sedative and narcotic. Similarly these qualities, contrastingley [arrangement?] must be present in a musical [bil?] fare. "It is good policy to play family numbers and the phonograph made this an easy matter. I find programs largely made up of guests,' which are before the [pu?] in records. Those most often [ca?] or are Meditation from "Thais'; [Sc bert?] Ave Maria, Dvorak, Humoresque, Sarasate, Spanish Dance Drdla, Souvenur, Nevin, Mighty Lak a Rose, Kol Nidrei and Traumerei." So you see, it is wrong to think that our new army is not musical. The soldier at one camp who said he had heard Madam Powell in his little home town in Montana not long before is just an instance of the numbers of young men in each camp who have been studying music or attending concerts before they were called to the colors. Miss Powell is to give but one concert at this camps, when she will appear at the Liberty Theater on Monday night, Nov. 18. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROBERT F. CAMPBELL, Camp Adjutant, who Has Just received Promotion From Major. "FAIR and WARMER." "Fair and Warmer," the Avery Hopwood farce with which Selwyn & Company made the outstanding hist of many seasons past, both in new York and Chicago, and which will be presented to local playgoers at the Academy, Petersburg, on Friday and Saturday, has a most uncommon distinction. During the year of its run at the Eltinge Theater, New York, it was advertised only by its audiences. The billboards which were allotted to it were used by other plays, and the theatrical printing ordered for it waited in the storerooms. "Fair and Warmer" sold out on its second night at Eltinge Theater. Every night thereafter was sold out from one to twenty days ahead, and advertising was needless. Selwyn & Company are sending it to Petersburg with an ideal cast. OFFICERS' DANCE. The officers' dance, formerly held a the Westmoreland Club on Saturday nights, will be held this Saturday at the University Club, Franklin and Shafer streets. These dances are given for the officers by the War Camp Community Service. Mrs. E.D. Hotchkiss is general chairman, and she is assisted by the following committee: Mrs. G. T. W. Kern, Mrs. Aubrey Young, and Mrs. Robert Blankenship and Mrs. Joseph Fourqurean. All officers and their wives are invited to a reception which will be held from 8 to 9 o'clock. The other guests will be received after 9 o'clock, at which time the dancing will commence. "HEARTS OF THE WORLD." An announcement that may be considered one of the most important of the season here is that of the coming of D.W. Griffith's tremendous production, "Hearts of the World," to be seen here for the first time at the Academy for a four-day engagement, commencing Wednesday, Nov. 20. "Hearts of the World" has broken all previous Griffith records both for length of engagement and capacity audiences in almost every city from Los Angeles to Boston, and has far surpassed this producer's previous work, "The Birth of a Nation." A special symphony orchestra will interpret the incidental music, written especially for this production. TWO PROMOTIONS HERE. Two promotions were announced during the week of officers connected with the Sixth Battalion, Depot Brigade. Second Lieutenant William W. Noell was promoted to a first lieutenancy in the Twenty-second Company of the Sixth Battalion, and appointed Second Section Assistant Adjutant. Second Lieutenant John K. Hale, connected with the Twenty-second Company, Sixth Battalion, was also made a first lieutenant. ACADEMY 2 NIGHTS starting Fri., Nov. 15 Matinee Saturday Return of the Greatest Comedy Hit of a Generation Selwyn & Co. Present FAIR AND WARMER THE BARNUM OF ALL COMEDIES. By Avery Hophood, The farce which ran for two years in New York, eight months in Chicago, six months in Boston, breaking all records for big business. To Be Presented Here With a Perfect Cast and Complete Production. Prices: Nights, 25c to $1.50. Mat., 25c to $1.00 SEATS READY. NEW WORKERS ARRIVE AT RED CROSS HEADQUARTERS Three new workers have arrived here to assist in the work at Red Cross headquarters, owing to the greatly increased work there. These men are: Lawrence W. Guild, of Springfield, Mass.; O.J. Frey, of Grand Rapids, Mich,. and D.J. Lindley, of Scranton, Pa. Mr. frey has formerly been engaged int he Red Cross work at Camp Humphreys and Mr. Lindley was stationed at Camp Dix for a time being before coming to Camp Lee. E.C. KROLL HAS BEEN MADE REGIMENTAL COLOR SERGEANT E.C. Kroll, clerk at First Section Headquarters of the Depot Brigade, has been made acting regimental color sergeant intrusted with the duties of taking care of the standard which flies in front of headquarters. VISITORS VIEW REVIEW OF REPLACEMENT CAMP MEN Visitors were admitted to the camp last Saturday morning to witness the weekly review of the troops of the Infantry Training and Replacement Camp. About 3,000 men passed the reviewing stand near Twelfth Street, and among other officers were viewed by Brigadier General Charles A. Hedekin, camp commander. The event proved an unusual sight for visitors as none of the men who participated in it have been in camp more than thirty days. ACADEMY 4 DAYS ONLY Beginning Wednesday Night, November 20th Daily Matinees Thereafter. Evenings, 8:15. Mats., 2:15. "THE WONDER SHOW OF ALL SURPASSING EVEN 'THE BIRTH OF A NATION' AND UNAPPROACHED BY ANY OTHER PRODUCTION D.W. GRIFFITH HEART OF THE WORLD THE MASTER PRODUCER'S MASTER PRODUCTION The Sweetest Love Story Ever [illegible] The Greatest Spectacle Ever [illegible] Created on the Battlefields of France PRICES" SPECIAL SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA And Carload of Effects. Prices: Mats., 25c to $1.00. Nights, 25c to $1.50 ALL SEATS RESERVED. Men in Uniform Visiting [illegible?} Welcome THE YOUNG MEN'S [illegible] ASSOCIATION, Grace and [illegible] Streets YOUR UNIFORM OUR TICKET. 515 BEDS--353 AT FIFTHS, Including Shower Bath and for Soldiers, Sailors and Marines Information, Writing [illegible] games--FREE. J.P. Jones, S.K. McKee, Secretary. O.J. Sands, Treas. Phone R209 92 REGULAR ROOMS, WITH AND COLD WATER FOR MEMBERS AND SEE THEM!