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Early in 1814 Jefferson began to make definite efforts toward the establishment of a university to give better educational advantages than were then attainable at William and Mary. Half a year later the legislature authorized the President and the Directors of the Literary Fund to look into the establishment of a new educational institution. Jefferson was requested to prepare an address for this Board. In this address was to be embodied his best thought upon higher education. In 1817 the University was established with Jefferson as the first Rector of its Board of Visitors. As late as 1823 so strenuous had been the opposition to the University that as yet nothing had been done. In that year the Board decided to wait no longer. Professors were selected from Oxford, Cambridge, and the University of Edinburgh. March, 1825, was set as the time of opening. In spite of great