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[in pencil at top of clipping:] This clipping sent to Mrs. Valentine by Dr. Anna Howard Shaw May 16, 1912 - Herald - (Scott County) Equal Suffrage is Right "O, it is excellent/To have a giant's strength; but it is tyrannous/To use it like a giant." It is to be hoped that the ship company of the Titanic did not abuse their authority in that indescribable dark hour of peril and death. God forbid that it again shall ever be necessary to draw the line of life and death between man and woman in the face of such dreaduful catastrophe as the shipwreck of the Titanic. In the past, it has been a maxim of world-wide application that "the weak are always pressed to the wall. In our own history, wasn't it so with the negro; the red man? It has often been so, especially with small or weak nations, regardless of race, and until very modern time has moreover been universally so with the fair "weaker vessel," but the "[b]etter-half,' woman. The mob principle that "might is right" has worked in lots of promiscuous way[s] [h]ere below. Because the hand [of n]ature has fallen heavily upon her, God does not intend that lordly man shall take advantage of this burden and accompanying responsibility, to make her his inferior and his slave, although it has generally been the case among uncivilized people. Man's ultimate happiness can only be realized in elevating woman, not in degrading her. With the dawning of this light, the elemental rights of woman are being granted in custom and law, by man, according to his gradual enlightenment, and the evolution of his monarchial heart. Fulfilling and honoring her trying sphere as a woman in the different domestic relations of the home, the corner stone of government, entitles her to the favorable consideration of man and state. She gives to the country its great body of citizens, to man his happiness; and why should she not be allowed a voice in regulating the laws the largely determine the welfare of the home, that largely control the life and career of her children, as well as the destiny of the nation? Man and woman of the same flesh and blood, should stand on the plane of equality before the law as one. As individual persons in the same image, similarly gifted with the faculty of reason, the senses, mind, heart and soul, the law should not contemplate in its composition, man as "it" and woman nothing. Man is too stern and war-like where the tempering influence of woman is excluded. Man is naturally a creature of ambition, while woman, a finer organism, is a creature of sympathy and affections. The Creator doubtless intended it so, and that they should go hand in hand in fighting all the battles of life, moral, religious as well as political. The balance and equilibrium of justice and mercy are lost when you separate man and woman, and say nay to either, especially in [text continued on image 4, column 1] matters of such all important concern as making the laws governing humanity and all human affairs. Pardon me for the digression, but in this connection let me say that my ideal heroine is the woman who remained with her husband on the sinking ship in the hour of his inevitable death. Man has had political sway a long time in the world, and the world's history is largely written in letters of carnage and blood. The better and brighter eternity of peace looks sadly on the pompous armaments of the nations with its tread of infantry, clothes ["clatter" handwritten over "clothes"] of cavalry, clanking clash of arms thundering battleships on many waters, while thousands of bodies and souls are perishing from hunger and want, shot and shell, and hundreds go down for the want of lifeboats at sea! Oh! for a tender potent voice of mercy and love in the political world, the gentle influence of en-suffraged woman at times to sweetly calm the storm raging in the heart of domineering man that our life equipments in peace may at least be as complete as our death equipments for war. After the likeness of woman are the angels fashioned. It was Isabella who laid down her jewelry. The stronger the arm of woman, the more mightily can she bruise the serpent's head. It is well known that men have tricked in politics, have looked to might rather than to right until politics are extensively a pandemonium of unrighteousness. The only conclusive remedy under the sun to inaugurate honesty, decency and all-round safety is for the woman folks, the mother, the wife, the daughter, the sister, the sweet heart to go out to the ballot box, and see what is what, and who is who, and by their influence and vote forever ground the dastardly crimes of boodle and booze, and partisian crookedness. Man bemeans himself considerately in the presence of ladies, quite so in the presence of those who hold his happiness immediately in charge. I repeat, Sir, to purify the ballot box, to suppress the liquor traffic, and to give a general square deal among mortals, the simple right of suffrage [continued from image 4, column 1] should be given to woman. Without this right she is powerless against evils prone to reduce her home and family to poverty and shame; and without it she is unthinking and irresponsible as regards the problems of government, conditions unfavorable to posterity upon whose shoulders will rest the responsibility of future government. If "the foot that rocks the cradle, rules the world," the more intelligently the better. Generally speaking, woman is given the right of property but denied the right of suffrage. To give woman the right of property, and refuse her a voice in making the laws which regulate and tax that property is inconsistent. That was England's way of doing business with the colonies which our forefathers so bitterly resented. In one case as in the other "Taxation without representation is tyranny." Woman should not be made a dupe by considering her husband, her brother or her father as her proxy representative. The law governing woman's dowery estate at the common law which yet prevails in a number of our State commonwealths, very clearly shows man's disposition in the past toward woman, or rather that self is a rascal when given an undue advantage. Speaking briefly, and waiving technicalities, when the husband dies, the wife gets one third of his land during her life, called her "dowery." When the wife dies the husband gets all her land during his life called his life "curtesy." That is the kind of legal funeral, and farewell, that most woman get from proxy man, with no right to remedy such rank injustice to her sister woman. Suffering the injustice and kneeling in prayer modestly she awaits the coming of a brighter and better world. The fact of the whole matter is that the right of property, of life, of liberty and the pursuits of happiness are all a sham without an equal voice in making the laws governing those rights. It is not desirable to be henpecked, or to be a victim of old world suffragets, or for any body to be disagreeable, but gentlemen, for a new and better era, remembering something of the gallantry of the men who went down on the Titanic, let's give to man and woman alike an equal chance in the fundamental laws of government, that earth may be a better abiding place for all; every heart safely and steadfastly rejoicing that the girls and boys in the future will have an equal advantage and standing under the laws of their country. Hugh M. Addington.