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The Bayonet: Camp Lee, VA., Friday, May 10, 1918 -volved: if their services are required in their military capacity, there is provision of law whereby they may be secured, but in such cases soldiers act under the immediate orders of their officers, and not under any civil officers nor on their own initiative. Section III. Financial Obligations of a Soldier Toward His Legal and Moral Dependents. By Captain C.M. Jones, A.G.D., N.A. a. Upon what a soldier's obligations depend 1 b. Dependents whom a soldier is legally bound to support 2 c. Dependents whom a soldier is morally bound to support 3-6 d. Provision whereby a soldier can adequately support such dependents 7-8 e. Three separate provisions of the act defined 9 1. --Q. What are the financial obligations and duties of a soldier? A. The financial obligations of a soldier are of numerous kinds, and, to a greater or less degree, vary with the individual soldier. The exact degree of each soldier's duties and obligations of a financial or money character depend in a large measure upon the condition or status he occupies in society, considering him both as a soldier, in the military service, and also as a citizen of the United States. 2. --Q. What is meant by the soldier's condition or status in society? A. By a soldier's condition or status in society is meant, to put it simply, whether he is married or single. Every soldier knows that when a man marries he assumes obligations. That is, he undertakes to provide for and support his wife and his children, should there be any. The obligation thus assumed by marriage is not only a moral obligation which applies with equal force upon every citizen of this country whether he be in the army or whether he is a civilian. On the other hand, when a man in unmarried, or single, in the army or out of it, he may or may not have placed upon him the responsibility for the care and support of others. 3. --Q. Can a single man or an unmarried man, be compelled or required to undertake the care and support of others than himself? A. The question or whether he can or cannot is dependent upon a great number of different circumstances, and in general it can only be stated that there are conditions under which he can be compelled to do so, and others where he ought to do so, and still others, where it is not at all obligatory to do so. The number and degree of a man's or soldier's dependent relatives usually determines just what his responsibilities properly are. Thus, if a single man has no relatives such as mother, father, brothers, sisters, grand-parents, or common law wife or children dependent upon him his financial responsibilities are just the same in the army as they were when he was in civil life, that is to say, he has only himself to take care of. 4. --Q. If a man has dependent relatives such as mother or father, or brothers and sisters, why should he be compelled to take care of them? A. In some such cases, as, for instance, in the case of a mother and father, there is a responsibility which is both legal and moral. In civil life, in the case of a brother and sister, it is a moral obligation. In the army, while it is still considered a moral obligation, if the facts and circumstance warrant it is considered to be so great a moral obligation that all possible moral pressure, short of actual compulsion will be used to influence the soldier to make proper provision for their support while he remains in the service. 5.--Q. Why is a man considered responsible for the support of his mother and father? A. Because as a matter of right and of public policy it is considered only fair and proper that a man after becoming of age and capable of supporting himself, should support, protect and care for, if necessary, those who protected and cared for him during his childhood and youth, when he was unable to do so for himself. it is just, therefore, that when by reason of the infirmities of age, or through accident or financial misfortunes his father and mother find themselves unable to support themselves, he should in turn accept the responsibility of their care and protection. Affection alone, by reason of the closeness of the relationship, would require that he aid and assist them when necessary. This the law generally considers as a moral responsibility of the strongest nature, and in order that in all cases it will be assumed, has made it a legal duty. 6.--Q. Why should a soldier who is in the army be required to support or aid in the support of his brothers or sisters? A. A soldier is not legally responsible in any degree for the support of his brothers or sisters, but just as in civil life, he is morally responsible. Every real brother, by reason fo the affection he naturally bears for his brothers and sisters will want to aid them should circumstances require it. 7.--Q. How can a soldier be expected, even though he so desired, to assume and fulfill these obligations when in most instances his only financial resources is the pay he receives as a soldier, which is in almost every case considerably less than he earned before coming into the army, and very often less than the amount he was habitually accustomed to contribute towards the support of his family, or his mother and father, as the case may be? A. The government has recognized that fact and has made arrangements to assist the soldier discharge such obligations. The government has recognized that soldiers many times have responsibilities which they must take care of at all time, and may also have others which while not compelled to assume, they may still wish to undertake during their army service. The government, too, knows that the pay of a soldier is not nearly sufficient, in many cases, to cover all these contingencies and circumstances. The government, therefore, has realized that assistance must be given, and has passed a law to remedy as much as is possible the inadequacies of the soldier's pay. 8.--Q. What has the government done to relieve the situation, and assist the soldier to overcome his financial duties and obligations? A. The government has passed the allotment allowance, insurance and compensation law especially to aid the soldier in this respect, and to share with him, if he shows a disposition to manfully assume his burdens, his financial obligations to his dependents. By this law, moreover, the government has arranged not only to assist him with his present obligations, but has also provided that the soldier can protect both himself and his dependents in the event that he should be so disabled during the war as to make it impossible for him, upon discharge and return to civil life, to earn as much as he formerly did. This law, therefore, puts it entirely within the power of the soldier to ensure that neither himself, nor his family and dependents will in the future suffer from want, or be thrown upon public charity. 9.--Q. How can the soldier obtain for himself and for his family the greatest benefits to be derived from this law? A. The law is generally divided into three entirely separate and distinct divisions, which, together, enable the soldier to provide for every kind of financial responsibility which it is his legal or moral duty to regard. The law not only provides for the present necessities of the soldier's dependents but also provides for the future protection not only of the soldier, but also of his dependents. The first of these divisions of the law is that which has to do with the subject of allotments and government allowance attnedant thereon. The allotment is the certain proportion of his monthly pay which the soldier authoriezes to be deducted and paid to his family or dependents. The government allowance to soldier's dependents