FOUR THE BAYONET: CAMP LEE, VA., FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1918
mother, either or both, whether they are his own or his wife's grandparents. The ninth is: A soldier's father-in-law or mother-in-law, either or both. The tenth is: A soldier's grandchildren. The eleventh is: A soldier's step-father or step-mother, either or both. The twelfth is: A soldier's wife's step-father or step-mother, either or both. 9.--Q. What is the general distinction between the Class "A" and Class "B" dependents, so far as concerns the soldier's obligation to support them? A. A Class "A" dependent is a person legally entitled to look to the soldier for protection and support. A Class "B" dependent is one who, by reason of consanguinity, or near blood relationship, generally, or near blood relationship, generally, though not always, may be morally, though not always, may be morally entitled to the support of the soldier, when by reason of their physical or mental infirmities, or both, whether that dependency is caused by reason of extreme youth or old age, or whether through accident or misfortune, they have been rendered incapable or partially or wholly providing for themselves. 10.--Q. What is meant by the term "allowance" under this law? A. The "allowance" is sometimes called a "fifty-fifty" proposition. It is a sum of money, or contribution, by the government sent in addition to, and contingent upon, the soldier's allotment to his dependents. 11.--Q. Will the government make and send this allowance to the soldier's dependents unless it is claimed? A. No. The allowance must always be claimed either by the soldier or by some dependent permitted to claim it. In the case of Class "A" dependants, the right to claim the government allowance is shared by the soldier and by such Class "A" dependants. In the case of allowances provided for Class "B" dependants, this right can be exercised only by the soldier. If he wants his Class "B" dependants to receive the government allowance, he must claim it. 12.--Q. Is it possible for the soldier's dependants, either in Class "A" or Class "B" to receive the government allowance unless the soldier first makes a proper allotment of his pay? A. No. The government will not make the allowance unless the soldier has first made the proper allotment of his pay to secure it. Where a soldier has neglected to state that he has Class "A" dependants, and those dependants make a claim for the government allowance, which, as explained in A-11 above they can do, the soldier will be compelled to make the proper allotment of his pay, so that his Class "A" dependants may receive their proper allowance, whether he wishes to do so or not. Class "B" dependants, however, have no legal right to claim allowance from the government, and the soldier cannot be compelled to make an allotment to them, or claim an allowance for them by reason of such allotment. 13.--Q. If the soldier has no dependants in Class "A", but has dependants in Class "B," can he be compelled to make an allotment to such Class "B" dependants, or to make any allotment at all? A. No. So long as the soldier has no dependants in Class "A", he cannot be compelled to make any allotment to Class "B" dependants. 14.--Q. Can the soldier without dependants of any sort retain all of his pay if he wishes? A. At present he can. Under this law, however, the government may withhold an amount not in excess of one-half of his pay, which amount will be retained on deposit at interest by the government and paid to the soldier or to his estate upon his discharge or at the end of the war. The law says that the Secretary of War shall have the right to demand this compulsory deposit from the soldier when in his discretion, the conditions are such as to require it, and under such regulations as the secretary may prescribe. But this compulsory deposit cannot be required of the soldier if the soldier has previously made allotments either for his dependants, or for Liberty bonds or insurance, amounting to one-half or more of their pay either for the support of their relatives and dependants or for insurance premiums, or when they do so for the patriotic purpose of purchasing Liberty bonds. This right has not as yet, been exercised by the Secretary of War, and it may or may not be exercised in the future. 15.--Q. How does the soldier determine the amount of allotment which will have to be deducted from his pay to secure the full government allowances? A. The amount of allotment which the soldier must make depends both upon the class in which his dependents fall and their number. The amount of the soldier's allotment necessary to receive allowances must at all times equal as nearly as is possible the amount of the government allowance for such dependents, except that if the soldier has only Class "A" or Class "B" dependents, the minimum, or smallest allotment, which he can make in such case is $15, and the maximum, or largest amount, which he need allot is one-half of his monthly pay.