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NOVEMBER 15, 1918 al way. Their representatives in the supreme war council at Versailles have by unanimous resolution assured the peoples of the central empires that everything that is possible in the circumstances will be done to supply them with food and relieve the distressing want that is in so many places threatening their very lives; and steps are to be taken immediately to organize these efforts at relief in the same systematic manner that they were organized in the case of Belgium. By the use of the idle tonnage of the central empires it ought to presently to be possible to lift the fear of after misery from their oppressed populations and set their minds and energies free for the great and hazardous tasks of political reconstruction which now face them on every hand. Hunger does not breed reform; it breeds madness, and all the ugly distempers that make an ordered life impossible. For with the fall of the ancient governments which rested like an incubus upon the peoples of the central empires has come political change, not merely, but revolution; and revolution which seems as yet to assume no final and ordered form, but to run from one fluid change to another, until thoughtful men are forced to ask themselves, with what governments, and of what sort, are we about to deal in the making of the covenants of [illegible] With what authority will they [illegible] us, and with what assurance that [illegible] will abide and sustain [illegible] the international arrangements into which we are about to enter? There is more matter for small anxiety and misgiving. When peace is made, upon whose promises and engagements besides our own is it to [illegible]? Let us be perfectly frank with ourselves and admit that these questions cannont be satisfactorily answered now or at once. But the moral is not that there is little hope of an early answer that will suffice. It is only that we must be patient and helpful and mindful above all of the great hope and confidence that lie at the heart of what is taking place. Excesses accomplish nothing. Unhappy Russia has furnished abundant recent proof of that. Disorder immediately defeats itself. If excesses should occur, if disorder should for a time raise its head, a sober second thought will follow and a day of constructive action, if we help and do not hinder. The present and all that is holds belongs to the nations and the peoples who preserve their self-control and the orderly processes if their governments; the future to those who prove themselves the true friends of mankind. To conquer with arms is tot make only a temporary conquest; to conquer the world by earning its esteem is to make permanent conquest. I am confident that the nations that have learned the discipline of freedom and that have settled with self-oppression to its ordered practice are now about to make conquest of the world by the sheer power of example and of friendly helpfulness. The peoples who have but just come out from under the yoke of arbitrary government and who are now coming [illegible] last into their freedom will never find the treasures of liberty they are in search of if they look for them by the light of the torch. They will find that every pathway that is stained with the blood of their own brothers leads to the wilderness, not to the seat of their hope. They are now face to face with their initial test. We must hold the light steady until they find themselves. And in the meantime, if it be possible, we must establish a peace that will justly define their place among the nations, remove all fear of their neighbors and of their former masters and enable them to live in security and contentment when they have set their own affairs in order. I, for one, do not doubt their purpose of their capacity. There are some happy signs that they know and will choose the way of self-control and peaceful accommodation. If they do, we shall put our aid at their disposal in every way that we can. If they do not, we must away with patience and sympathy the awakening and recovery that will assuredly come at last. BOXING BOUTS TUESDAY. A big boxing show ill be held at the Liberty Theatre Tuesday night at which the prominent mitt artists of camp will show their wares. The boxing bouts have been arranged by Captain Frank Glick, Camp athletic officer, with Desanders, Borrell, Finneran and others in star bouts. The whole evening will be given over to boxing and a card of ten bouts has been drawn up. The proceeds of the entertainment will be turned over to the United War Work Council. There is no doubt but that there will be a full share of action shown by the men in the squared circle. AMERICAN TROOPS ARE HIGHEST PAID Our Army is Not Only the Best, But Best Paid. Officers and enlisted men of the United States Army receive a larger compensation for their services than is paid by any other country in the world. A full general in the American Army receives $888.33 a month, which is twice the amount paid a German general, and a little less than twice the amount received by a French general. A first-class private in the American Army is paid $1.20, while a private in the British army only receives 36 cents per day. A soldier of this rank is paid. 085 cents per day in the French army, 10 cents in the Italian army and 25 cents in the Germany Army. The following compiled figures are the base rate of pay per day officers and men: United States-Private, $1.00; private first class, $1.20; sergeant, $1.27; second lieutenant, $141.67; first lieutenant, $166.67; captain, $200; major, $250; lieutenant-colonel, $291.67; colonel, $333.33; brigadier-general, $500; major-general, $666.67; lieutenant-general, $750; general, $833.33. Great Britain-Private .36; private first class, .50; sergeant, .64; second lieutenant, $39; first lieutenant, $48; captain, $86; major, $115; lieutenant-colonel, $135; colonel, $145; brigadier-general, $400; major-general, $525; lieutenant-general, $850; general, $1,380. France-Private, .05; private first class, .085; sergeant, .20; second lieutenant, $60; first lieutenant, $70; captain, $80; major, $90; lieutenant-colonel. $165; colonel, $142; brigadier-general, $200; major-general, $300; general, $490. Italy-Private, .02-.04; private first class, .05-.10; sergeant, .40-.80; second lieutenant, .30-.60; first lieutenant, .40-.70; captain, .60-.90; major, .80; lieutenant-colonel, .95; colonel, [illegible] brigadier-general, $1.60; major-general, $1.90; lieutenant-general, $240. Germany-Private, .10; private first class, .25; sergeant, .35; second lieutenant, $30; first lieutenant, $38; first lieutenant, $38; captain, $90; major, $130; lieutenant-colonel, $170; colonel, $176.50; brigadier-general $203; major-general, $260; lieutenant-general, $267; general, $357. This does not include provision for commutation for rooms, heat and light, which American officers, with families receive. MAJOR WILLIAM S. M'KEE IS NEW HEAD OF FOURTH SECTION Major William S. McKee, formerly commander of the Fourth Battalion, Infantry Replacement and Training Camp, has been made commander of the Fourth Section of that organization. Major Floyd has been placed in command of the Fourth Battalion. FIRST SECTION BAND WILL GIVE CONCERTS The First Section band of the Depot Brigade has arranged a series of concerts to be given in Y.M.C.A.'s No. 55 and 56 one night each week in each Y. This band which started with a nucleus of four musicians is now composed of twenty-seven musicians under the leadership of Sergeant Fugine, the noted piano accordionist of vaudeville game. OSCAR H. LEHMAN, Y.M.C.A. Camp Song Director. American Bank and Trust Co., Inc. Petersburg, VA. WM. B. McILWAINE. President. Wm. J. Rahilv, Vice-President. Wallace D. Blanks, Cashier. R.E. Lunsford, Vice-President. S.B. Hoag, Mgr. Ins. Dept DIRECTORS W.T. Baugh R. M. Friend Wm. Pilcher Edgar S. Bowling P.B. Halligan R.W. Price. P.H. Drewry Charles E. Harwell Wm. J. Rahily R.E. Eanes R. E. Lunsford H.L. Smith Edward Eigenbrun Wm. B. McIlwaine F. F. Thweatt Personal and Commercial Banking. Personal Safety Vaults for Rent. DR. L. E. RAYHORN Specialist in OPTOMETRY (THE EYE) who had an office practice in this city for eleven years, and who has since been practicing his profession in Philadelphia, has returned to the city and has charge of my Optical Department and eye work. Dr. Rayhorn has had a large experience in eye work, and not only has thousands of satisfied patients in this city and thruout the State, but also a great number of patients in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. He can now be consulted daily at 22 North Sycamore Street. E. H. TITMUS, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN, PETERSBURG, VA. KEEPING MEN CONTENTED UNTIL MUSTERED OUT IS BIG QUESTION (Continued from First Page.) developed in other cantonments, and outlined the general plan of work that was suggested at Camp Lee. Major Courtright and Captain Weir elaborated upon this plan and followed with calling upon the various interests present to discuss the question from their own viewpoint. This meeting was followed by a meeting Monday afternoon in the new office, opened by the morale section, in the building just below the present Bayonet office, which has been occupied by the Depot Brigade postoffice until quite recently. The plans were further gone into at that time and scores of ideas were presented and given consideration. These plans must take time for proper development. Morale officers in various sections of the camp have been named to assist in carrying on the work locally. The question of a news center is already well under way. This news center has a double duty-that of supplying the men in camp with the news of the outside world, and that of supplying the outside world with the news of the camp. The camp news is especially to be disseminated in the centers from which the men in camp come. The home town newspapers will receive a great deal of news that has heretofore not been available to them. The United Press and the International News Service have agreed to provide the camp with regular bulletin news service, and it is probable that the Associated Press will do likewise. This service will be received over a special wire at the Camp Morale Office and then prepared in bulletin form. These bulletins will be distributed immediately in all parts of camp on especially prepared bulletin boards, a man on a motorcycle being detailed to deliver them speedily. These bulletin boards will be placed in all the post exchanges and later in Y.M.C.A.'s K. of C.'s and other similar places where the soldiers congregate. The ideas that will help most to keep up the moral of the men by widening their various interests here must develop slowly. The men of the camp, however, appear to be taking up the question with the greatest possible zeal, and marvelous results are sure to be achieved. Just an idea of what is expected may be secured from the following: Bringing more and better shows to the Liberty Theatre; more and better pictures in Y.M.C.A., K. of C. and other amusement centers; the formation of an amusement company; promotion of all kinds of athletics; scores of other plans which are only now in their infancy and which must require long and careful consideration before being perfected. DEMOBILIZATION CAMP MAY BE HONOR FOR CAMP LEE (Continued from First Page.) course, return to his home and take up again his civil occupation, the time spent here can always be regarded as the time most profitably spent. The course of training fits a young man better to discharge the duties of a citizen. It will make him a better business man, a healthier individual and a man better able to assist the country in the solution of its future problems whether those be of service abroad or of the universal training which the country is almost sure to demand. Any lessening of effort put forth by candidates, because the prospects of service abroad seem to be not so bright, will interfere with the proper future development of each individual who blackens his efforts at this time. Now that the prospect of meetng the enemy in battle cannot spur us on as formerly, let us be spurred on by the thought which we ourselves may get from the course, the influence it will have on our lives, and the extent to which it will prepare us to take our proper places in the solution of the problems confronting our country within the coming years." There is a wide difference of opinion among officers as to the disposition of the men already in camp. Some believe that oversea men will continue to go to Europe, while others contend that the men will be kept in this country to assist in the work incident to the mustering out of returned overseas soldiers. RICHMOND "Y" TAKES CARE OF SOLDIERS More Than Five Hundred Slept in Association Building Last Saturday. Last Saturday broke all records. The men from Camp Lee have been making the big Central "Y" at Grace and Seventh streets, RICHMOND, their home ever since Camp Lee opened. Hundreds have dropped in on Saturday, but it remained for last Saturday to break all records. Every possible preparation had been made in the way of providing restful beds, with good felt mattresses, for the week-enders from Camp Lee. They started coming early in the afternoon, and continued to come and come and come until every bed in the regular dormitories, the auditorium, the boys' lobby and the gymnasium was occupied. Then over two hundred men were referred to homes and boarding houses, and then six fellows were made at home on top of the billiard and pool tables, others in the third-floor hallway, and forty-five men were given passes to sleep on the Saxony rug that covers the hardwood flood of the big lobby. When the secretaries and the volunteer workers retired in the "wee sma' " hours of the morning, just as the Sunday papers were coming off the press, the lobby looked like a battlefield strewn with veterans of war. Some 527 men slept in the building while it is estimated that the association furnished correspondence facilities, paper and envelopes, baths and other accommodations, without charge, to well on to two thousand men from Saturday 3 P.M. to Sunday 3 A.M., and oh, you Sunday! The willing officers and volunteer workers, who already felt that they had corns on their feet, bounced out early Sunday morning, ready to serve the men in uniform in every way possible. From 7 A.M. until late Sunday evening the big lobby was thronged with men, writing, conversing, asking for information, going out sightseeing, to homes, to churches, etc. By Saturday night of this week the big "Y" will be ready to take care of, regularly, five hundred and fifteen men. The uniform is your pass, and the "ad." on another page tells the story of the provision made for soldiers and sailors. The big "Y" at RICHMOND is strictly on the job. UNITED WAR WORK DRIVE IS LAUNCHED HERE MONDAY NIGHT (Continued from First Page.) der the direction of Major John L. King, camp intelligence officer, who so successfully piloted the Liberty Loan campaign here. No particular sum has been set, but all are invited to give. All of the seven agencies, which will receive a part of the $170,000,000 to be raised throughout the country, are represented here, and they have played a magnificent part in keeping up the splendid morale which has always been prevalent at this camp. As it has been stated that this will be made a demobilization center, it is absolutely certain that the need of just such morale will be more pronounced than ever. $150 FIRE IS LARGEST SINCE CAMP WAS OPENED An overheated stove in the stables of the Second Battalion, Depot Brigade, below Thirtieth street, on Wednesday night at 9 o'clock set fire to the roof of the building, entailing a loss of about $150, the largest fire loss incurred since the camp was opened. Typewriters AT 116 W. BANK STREET, Petersburg, VA. B.W. Thacker Repaird Mechanic. Expert Typewriting A Dollar at Home if not spent-remains a Dollar always. A Dollar spent is gone forever-while the dollars you deposit at Our Savings Department are constantly increasing as the 4 per cent interest works. Put your dollar or dollars at work with this bank earning INTEREST. The Virginia National Bank Petersburg, VA. SAFETY SERVICE AND 4 PER CENT. [Huyler's?] CHOCOLATES Satin Boxes and Baskets On receipt of your check or money order we will gladly send Candy either to your Camp or any other section of the country. 221 East Broad Street Telephone Madison 2271, Richmond, Va.