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NOVEMBER 15, 1918 al way. Their representatives in the supreme war council at Versailles have by unanimous resolution assured the peoples of the central empires that everything that is possible in the circumstances will be done to supply them with food and relieve the distressing want that is in so many places threatening their very lives; and steps are to be taken immediately to organize these efforts at relief in the same systematic manner that they were organized in the case of Belgium. By the use of the idle tonnage of the central empires it ought to presently to be possible to lift the fear of after misery from their oppressed populations and set their minds and energies free for the great and hazardous tasks of political reconstruction which now face them on every hand. Hunger does not breed reform; it breeds madness, and all the ugly distempers that make an ordered life impossible. For with the fall of the ancient governments which rested like an incubus upon the peoples of the central empires has come political change, not merely, but revolution; and revolution which seems as yet to assume no final and ordered form, but to run from one fluid change to another, until thoughtful men are forced to ask themselves, with what governments, and of what sort, are we about to deal in the making of the covenants of [illegible] With what authority will they [illegible] us, and with what assurance that [illegible] will abide and sustain [illegible] the international arrangements into which we are about to enter? There is more matter for small anxiety and misgiving. When peace is made, upon whose promises and engagements besides our own is it to [illegible]? Let us be perfectly frank with ourselves and admit that these questions cannont be satisfactorily answered now or at once. But the moral is not that there is little hope of an early answer that will suffice. It is only that we must be patient and helpful and mindful above all of the great hope and confidence that lie at the heart of what is taking place. Excesses accomplish nothing. Unhappy Russia has furnished abundant recent proof of that. Disorder immediately defeats itself. If excesses should occur, if disorder should for a time raise its head, a sober second thought will follow and a day of constructive action, if we help and do not hinder. The present and all that is holds belongs to the nations and the peoples who preserve their self-control and the orderly processes if their governments; the future to those who prove themselves the true friends of mankind. To conquer with arms is tot make only a temporary conquest; to conquer the world by earning its esteem is to make permanent conquest. I am confident that the nations that have learned the discipline of freedom and that have settled with self-oppression to its ordered practice are now about to make conquest of the world by the sheer power of example and of friendly helpfulness. The peoples who have but just come out from under the yoke of arbitrary government and who are now coming [illegible] last into their freedom will never find the treasures of liberty they are in search of if they look for them by the light of the torch.