Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia


Hilliard, Willie and Alison Jackson: Coroner's Inquisition, 1880-03-20. Virginia Untold: the African American Narrative digital collection, Library of Virginia. icon

Lynching and Racial Violence Collection

This collection contains documents related to lynchings in Virginia between 1866 and 1932, specifically commonwealth causes and coroner's inquisitions housed at the Library of Virginia. Lynchings were extralegal executions of individuals who have not been tried or convicted, usually by mob violence. During the Reconstruction and Jim Crow eras in Virginia, white mobs often targeted African American men who had been accused of crimes, or violations of racial norms. The documents in this collection correspond to victims in Racial Terror: Lynchings in Virginia, a research project led by Professor Gianluca De Fazio at James Madison University. Transcriptions of these documents were generated by Justice Studies students in the 2022 Senior Seminar on Lynching and Racial Violence, taught by Professor De Fazio, using the Library of Virginia's crowdsourcing project, Making History.

Lunch counter of F. W. Woolworth Company store, 501 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia. F. W. Woolworth Company from the Foster Studio Collection (C1:230). Visual Studies Collection. icon

F.W. Woolworth Company from the Foster Studio Collection

Foster Studio images of F. W. Woolworth Company stores in Richmond, Virginia. Most depict the Broad Street location, and largely center on the newly renovated International Style building that opened to the public in 1954. The collection contains exterior views of the new building upon its completion, and many interior views of the sales floor, retail displays, and the lunch counters, which later became a symbol of peaceful protest in 1960, when Virginia Union University students staged a sit-in there and at the Thalhimer's lunch counter to protest segregation.

Statement on letterhead of Lila Meade Valentine, President of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia, 2 July 1917. Equal Suffrage League of Virginia Records, 1908-1938, accession 22002, Box 002, Folder 016: Correspondence, July 1917. icon

Equal Suffrage League of Virginia Records, 1908-1938

Digitized portions of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia Records (Accession 22002), focusing on the materials created by members of the Equal Suffrage League, as well as some documents from the early years of the Virginia League of Women Voters. The collection includes correspondence between officers and with local ESL chapters, meeting minutes, state convention minutes and programs, news bulletins, broadsides and pamphlets, financial records, membership lists, and local chapter information. Published materials of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, the national League of Women Voters, and other organizations have not been digitized as part of this online collection, although they are available for use in the Archives Reading Room at the Library.

Gloucester Agricultural and Industrial School, Catalogue and Annual Report for the year 1890-1891. Box 041, Folder 014. icon

Gloucester Agricultural and Industrial School Records, 1877-1929

Records, 1877-1929, of the Gloucester Agricultural and Industrial School in Gloucester County, Virginia, founded in 1888 by William B. Weaver (1852-1929) and Thomas Calhoun Walker (1862-1953) to educate African Americans. Included are articles on the school, catalogues, circulars and forms, correspondence, deeds, programs, and teacher licenses. Of note is a minute and record book containing minutes from the school's formation, as well as invitations and flyers, including to programs where Frederick Douglass was the speaker. The Gloucester Agricultural and Industrial School records are part of the Weaver Orphan Home records (LVA accession 51625). The rest of the Weaver Orphan Home records are closed until 2065.

Violante, Ruggiero: Naturalization Record, 1913-10-27. Petersburg City (Va.) Naturalization Records, 1810-1936. icon

Naturalizations Digital Collection

Naturalization records typically include affidavits, reports for naturalization, declarations of intent to become United States citizens, and notices of application for admission of citizenship. The reports are narrative accounts made by applicants summarizing their journey to the United States. The declarations of intent record the person's name, place of birth, age, country of previous citizenship, renunciation of allegiance and fidelity to the nation of which the person is currently a citizen, and the date the intention was sworn. Also found in the collection are affidavits filed with the reports and declarations. They were given by individuals who knew the applicant and could vouch for their loyalty to the United States.

Evergreen Interment Ledger, 1926-1962. Evergreen and Woodland Cemeteries records, 1893-2016. Accession 52003 icon

Evergreen and Woodland Cemeteries Digital Collection

Evergreen Cemetery is a historic African-American cemetery located in the East End neighborhood of Richmond, Virginia. Founded in 1891 as an African-American equivalent to Hollywood Cemetery, many notable African Americans are interred at Evergreen, including Maggie L. Walker, John Mitchell, Jr., and A.D. Price. Located in Henrico County, Woodland Cemetery was established in 1917 by the Woodland Cemetery Corporation, led by president John Mitchell, Jr. The site of interment of Arthur Ashe, Woodland Cemetery is the home to many of Richmond's wealthy and noteworthy African-American residents. Interment records are in the form of ledgers and index cards. 

Reibel.  <i>_ Books to Grow on: the Modern World for Young Readers</i>. United States?: [publisher not identified], 1936. Reading & Libraries Poster Collection. icon

Reading & Libraries Poster Collection

A collection of posters related to books, reading, and libraries. Most of the posters are from the 1920s and 1930s, mostly produced by the American Library Association, the Works Projects Administration, and private artists.

Virginia Constitution, 3 December 1867 and signed by John C. Underwood, President of the Convention, George Rye, Secretary and J.H. Painter, Assistant Secretary on 17 April 1868. icon

Virginia Constitutions Digital Collection

Virginia adopted its first Constitution on June 29, 1776, declaring the total dissolution of the rule of Great Britain and its monarch over the citizens of the commonwealth. Virginia also led the nation by adopting the Virginia Declaration of Rights, which later influenced the United States Constitution Bill of Rights. Since 1776, Virginia has adopted seven constitutions, including the 1928 revision to the 1902 Constitution. The 1902 Constitution (and its revision), which helped usher in Virginia's infamous era of Jim Crow, was replaced with the Constitution of 1971.

<ul><li>Sailing down the Chesapeake Bay / words by Jean C. Havez ; music by George Botsford.</li><li>ca. 1913. Sheet Music Digital Collection.</li></ul> icon

Sheet Music Digital Collection

Representing a sampling of the Library of Virginia's large Sheet Music Collection, these scanned works in large part pertain to Virginia and the region during the Civil War era. The collection includes single sheets, bound volumes of scores, and personal collections representing the musical holdings of a person or family. Lyrics range from thoughtful to patriotic, to playful or funny, and many items in the collection feature colorful cover illustrations and informative text that provide additional information about the music and the context, and why it appealed to people in a given time period.

Petition of David Brandon, 1775 June 10. Colonial Papers Digital Collection. icon

Colonial Papers

The Colonial Papers contain a collection of loose papers more closely connected by age than by any other single factor that consist largely of records kept by the clerk of the colonial council, House of Burgesses, the governor and other officials, relating to county as well as colony-wide government. The records of the colonial government have, for the most part, been destroyed by wars, fires, and early neglect. The collection consists of petitions to the governor or House of Burgesses, court records, orders, summonses, patents, accounts, proceedings, returns, grants, proclamations, addresses, certificates and correspondence.

Richmond (Va.) Police Department air surveillance footage, 1 June 2020, City of Richmond 1 June 2020 Protest Collection. icon

City of Richmond 1 June 2020 Protest Collection

City of Richmond (Va.) records pertaining to the events surrounding protests along Monument Avenue on 1 June 2020. The records came to the Library of Virginia as part of the settlement agreement between Jonathan Arthur, Ryan Tagg, Keenan Angel, Christopher Gayler, Megan Blackwood, and Jarrod Blackwood (plaintiffs), and the city (defendant). The suit was filed over the use of tear gas on protesters demonstrating at the Lee Monument.