African Americans, self-emancipation
Throughout the Civil War thousands of enslaved men, women, and children attained their freedom by seeking refuge with United States troops as they moved across Virginia. They were declared "contraband of war" in May 1861.
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Morgan Collection of Civil War Drawings (LC-DIG-ppmsca-20701)
May 29, 1864
Courtesy of Library of Congress
LC 20701v_Contrabands Escaping
Hanover County, Virginia
Edwin Forbes, “Contrabands escaping,” Remaking Virginia: Transformation Through Emancipation, accessed November 28, 2023, https://www.virginiamemory.com/online-exhibitions/items/show/418.