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I hold in my hand a report made by Mary Anderson, the wonderful director of the Woman's bureau department of labor of U. S. Government. The report gives the results of an investigation of women in Industry in the State of Virginia in response to a request of our Governor Hon. W. Davis. The investigation was made in cooperation with the bureau of labor and Industrial Statistics of Virginia of which Mr. Howard T. Colvin is the head and Miss Mary Schaill of the Women's department. Governor Davis' desire for this investigation was to obtain reliable first hand information of the industrial activities of the women of the state as a basis for legislation that might be enacted in the interest of women in industry. Inspections were made in all the cities and larger towns of the state, of course including Norfolk, and facts obtained relating chiefly to hours and working conditions, although the question of wages is recognized as of supreme importance we will have to defer it to another time as it is not pertinent to the subject I was asked to bring before you, namely the Legislation to be asked of our Leg. next January. There are today more than 226,000 wage earning women in the state, and they constitute nearly 54% of all workers in industry. Women are therefore indespensable to the industries of Virginia and the conditions under which they work must be recognized as a definite asset or menace, as well as a social point of view. The double burden of family responsibility and work in the factory which is carried by so many women is a tax on their strength which renders them more susceptible than men to the dangers of many existing industrial conditions and therefore, in the last anylasis it is the community or state which bears the cost of industry's failure to care for its human machinery especially women. When you reflect that every morning in Virginia 226,000 women leave their homes to follow women's imnumorial business of weaving, spinning, carding knitting, canning, food making in all its forms and all other occupations necessary to the comfort, health and education of the family, you wonder how anyone can still repeat that backneyed old statement, woman's place is in the home. She must go out of the home to get the means whereby to make a home. To do her woman's imnumorial business of providing for the family she must work in mill, factory, shop, store, counting house and office. Those are regulated by the laws of the state. Laws made by the legislature, the U. S. Congress and the city fathers. Not a woman's voice nor opinion expressed in one. Experience has been proven that men do not always know what is best for women, how can they? and yet yntil last year women were not only dented the right to make rules concerning their own labor, but denied the right to even choose the men who made those rules.