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[...arty?] response from the throng, and the ceremonies got off to a good start promptly at 8 AM, Senator Tydings, who had been foremost in initiating and putting [through?] the independence legislation, drew first blood [with?] a scheduled ten-minute speech going about 20, ending with "Long live [the Republic?] of the Philippines [illegible] [started his speech which would have?] been worth listening to perhaps but the army loudspeakers went [illegible] crowd, including myself, watched him rate by the reflection of the [illegible] his forehead and his few gestures. At this point I am informed that Gen. [illegible], CG of AFWESPAC, walked over to a General who was in charge of the installation of the loudspeakers in the area (on light poles, etc) and shook his finger in the general's face and told him to report to him immediately after the ceremony was over. McNutt came next and after getting part way thru his speech, the rains came. I stayed for the reading of the proclamation announcing the independence and the lowering of the flag. This part of the ceremony was perhaps the most touching. At the beginning our flag had been on the large pole in front of the stand, with an American flag on a small pole to the right and the Filipino flag on a small pole to the left. As the band played the national anthem McNutt hawled down our flag with Pres. Roxas at the same time raising the Filipino flag on the large flagpole. As our flag got half way down at the end of the national anthem the band continued without a break, going into the Philippine national anthem with their flag then continuing from half way to the top and ours continuing down. Being wet, not hearing anything, and in the midst of by then a tremendous milling crowd, I returned to Webster's room where I heard most of Roxas' speech over the radio. I was impressed with his strong statements to the effect that the United States and Russia were the only two great powers today, and how the Philippine government was following the course of our government. He said what happens in Triest, Poland, Rumania, etc. is the concern of the Philippine government.