Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia
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THIS DAY IN VIRGINIA HISTORY

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August 12, 1908

The <em>Musical Million</em>, August 1908, ML1 M9 V. 39 No. 8, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Musical Million Memorialized Aldine S. Kieffer

The periodical, Musical Million, was founded in 1870 by Aldine Silliman Kieffer (1840–1904). Kieffer was the grandson of Joseph Funk (1777–1862), a publisher of "shape-note" music. The shape-note notation gave different shapes to notes of different pitch, making it possible for untrained singers to read music. After he served in the Confederate Army, Kieffer and other family members reestablished his grandfather's business, which had been disrupted by the war. At the height of its popularity, Musical Million had as many as ten thousand subscribers. Keiffer also offered singing schools and helped found the Virginia Normal Music School, which later became a part of Shenandoah University.